Sixteenth Sunday of Ordinary Time
- · Dan’s Deliberations, Discoveries, & Declarations
- · Today in Catholic History
- · Joke of the Day
- · Today’s Gospel Reading
- · Gospel Reflection
- · Reflection Prayer
- · Catholic Apologetics
- · A Franciscan’s Saint of the Day
- · Reflection on part of the OFS Rule
Today is the tenth day of my yearly consecration to Jesus through Mary; a special devotion I absolutely look forward to every year, and have purposely scheduled (in my calendar) for the past 6 years. It is a great devotion of prayer and reflection, created by St. Louis de Montfort (1673-1716), which takes 33 days of preparatory devotions. The “Total Consecration” made on the 34th day. The day of Total Consecration should always be on a Marian feast day. (My consecration day is the “Feast of Mary’s Assumption to Heaven”: August 15th.) Schedules for the preparation and Total Consecration are included in resource materials – – provided at NO cost – – through this website: www.MyConsecation.org. There are more than twenty start days throughout the calendar year (ending on a Marion Feast Day) for those wishing to make the Total Consecration, so give it a try.
Let me give you a little history about the author of this devotion, St. Louis de Montfort. He was a French Roman Catholic Priest, Author, and Confessor. He was known to be a preacher in his time: Pope Clement XI made him a “missionary apostolic”, giving him authority to emphasize the importance of the Church’s devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary and to encourage the practice of frequent praying of the Rosary. Father de Montfort is particularly known for his devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary and for the practice of consistently praying the Rosary (Reminds me that both St. Padre Pio and Venerable Pope John Paul II daily prayed the Rosary). Father de Montfort’s most notable work regarding Marian devotions is contained in a two-part book entitled “The Glories of Mary” along with “The Secrets of the Rosary and the True Devotion to Mary”.
† 0260 – St Dionysius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
† 1099 – First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon elected first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.
† 1619 – Death of Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (b. 1559)
† 1647 – Birth of Margaretha M Alacoque, French mystic/saint
† 1649 – Birth of Clement XI, [Giovanni F Albani], Italy, Pope (1700-21)
† 1676 – Death of Clement X, [Emilio Altieri], Italian Pope (1670-76), dies at 86
† 1722 – Birth of Jean-Noel/Joannes Natalis Paquot, Belgian priest/historian
† 1902 – Death of Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (b. 1822)
(From the “On This Day” Blog Site
“Today in Catholic History”
Today’s reflection: Jesus invites His disciples to rest after their ministry, and is moved with pity for the crowds who pursue them.
(NAB Mark 6:30-34) 30 The apostles gathered together with Jesus and reported all they had done and taught. 31 He said to them, “Come away by yourselves to a deserted place and rest a while.” People were coming and going in great numbers, and they had no opportunity even to eat. 32 So they went off in the boat by themselves to a deserted place. 33 People saw them leaving and many came to know about it. They hastened there on foot from all the towns and arrived at the place before them. 34 When he disembarked and saw the vast crowd, his heart was moved with pity for them, for they were like sheep without a shepherd; and he began to teach them many things.
Today, in Mark’s Gospel, we read of the return of the “Twelve”, who had been sent by Jesus, in pairs, to preach repentance, to heal the sick, and to drive out demons. When they returned, Jesus invited them to “come away” from the crowds to get some rest with Him. However, the crowds followed, not giving them any peace. It seems that, as the Twelve Apostles now shared in Jesus’ ministry, they also now appear to share in Jesus’ popularity as well.
In an effort to get away from the crowds, Jesus and His disciples get into a boat with the hope of finding the “deserted place” familiar to Jesus. The crowds notice their “escape”, and so follow along the shore line, also arriving at the same “deserted place”. The crowds find them and continued to draw near Jesus and the Apostles, making contact, and presenting their individual requests. Mark reports that these Apostles’s, the closest and most intimate disciple’s of Jesus, don’t even have time to eat their food due to the swarm of people surrounding them. The crowds are so persistent that Jesus and His disciples cannot even find a place to be alone. (Sounds like me, a parent of four teenagers in a one-bathroom house.) Remarkably, even with this chaos and pressure, Jesus “is moved with pity [for the crowds] and begins to teach” them.
Today’s Gospel stops with Jesus’ having “pity” for them and “teaching”. Mark’s report of the unyielding demands of the crowd continues in the following verses (next week’s Gospel reading). The work of Jesus, and the work of His disciples (even still today), appears to be a “round-the-clock” job. (My kids did not know the term, “round-the-clock”. They have told me to write “24/7” as an alternative.) OK; so they were busy 24/7.
For the second week in a row at Mass, Mark uses the term, “Apostle”. He also used this term earlier, in his Gospel’s third chapter:
“He appointed twelve [whom he also named apostles] that they might be with him and he might send them forth to preach” (Mark 3:14).
Jesus instituted these twelve me as “apostles” in order to extend His messianic mission through them (cf., Mark 6:7–13). Mark correctly and appropriately calls the “Twelve” men, “Apostles”, meaning His emissaries, empowered them to preach, to expel demons, and to cure the sick (“Apostles”: a Greek word meaning, “one who is sent with the delegated authority of the sender”!):
“They drove out many demons, and they anointed with oil many who were sick and cured them.” (Mark 6:13).
The earliest use of the special term, “the twelve”, as Jesus’ delegated “apostles” is found in Paul’s first letter to the Corinthians:
“He [Jesus] appeared to Cephas, then to the Twelve” (1 Corinthians 15:5).
The number (12) is meant to recall the twelve “tribes” of Israel, thus implying Jesus’ authority to call and gather ALL Israel into God the Father’s kingdom. Mark distinguished between the “Twelve Apostles” and a much larger group called disciples:
“When He [Jesus] was alone, those present along with the Twelve questioned Him about the parables. Without parables He did not speak to them, but to His own disciples He explained everything in private” (Mark 4:10, 34).
The “Twelve” also share in Jesus’ proclamation of the kingdom:
“As you go, make this proclamation: ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.’” (Matthew 10:7).
In the Pauline letters (the New Testament epistles written by Paul) “apostle” has come to mean primarily one who had seen the “risen” Lord, AND had been commissioned to proclaim Jesus’ Resurrection to ALL the peoples of the planet. Only after the Pentecost event is the title “apostles” used in the technical or precise term for the twelve specific men who became the first bishops of the Catholic (Universal) Church. (However, don’t forget about Paul, the “Apostle to the Gentiles”, made so by divine appointment and Jesus’ appearing, creating the Lord’s baker’s dozen of 13. – – Don’t forget the Lord’s choice of the first twelve’s replacement “Matthias”, (cf., ACTS 15:17)
So, these twelve men, sent out in pairs on a divine mission from Jesus Christ, return back to Him at the conclusion of this inaugural mission – – and still in progress without interruption two millennia later. Mark relates that the small group yearned for a well-deserved rest in a “deserted place” (Mark 6:31). However, Luke is a little more specific as to where this “deserted place” actually is located:
“When the apostles returned, they explained to him what they had done. He took them and withdrew in private to a town called Bethsaida” (Luke 9:10).
Bethsaida translates to “house of fishing”, and is a small village on the northeastern shore of the Sea of Galilee, just east of the Jordan River. The ground in this particular area has ALWAYS been uncultivated, used solely for grazing animals, and as a “fishing village”. Note that the village of Bethsaida is where the feeding of the 5000 took place (in next week’s Gospel).
Being mostly worldly fishermen, and ALL being the Kingdom of God’s “fishers of men”, these twelve men, plus Jesus, set off for Bethsaida by their favorite mode of transport:
“They went off in the boat by themselves to a deserted place.” (Mark 6:32).
Just imagine the scene wherein Jesus and the Twelve Apostles are attempting to escape from the huge throngs of excited, spirit-filled, captivated, and strongly affected people who wanted – – nay, demanded – – MORE!! Jesus and His small group made good on an egress from the multitudes, placing water between them and the hordes of believers and non-believers desiring to be near them.
Picture this scene from both angles: from the crowds viewpoint on land and Jesus’ Apostles within the boat as it approached the beach? I am certain the men in the boat felt some great relief, able to take a deep breath, and no longer wondering about their personal safety. The other group was excited and awe-filled, wanting to see, hear, and experience MORE!! The withdrawal of Jesus, with His disciples, to a “deserted place”, attracted a great swarm – – a humungous pack of people – – following the group traveling by boat. This mob followed – – by foot – – along the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee. The sea and shore is fairly flat, thus making it easy to see a great distance across the water, keeping an eye on the boat, even if it is miles out to sea. In desperation for the unique teaching, preaching, and healing ability of this small group of divinely inspired and full-filled men, the “crowd” wanted to hear and experience more of what was presented to them physically, mentally, and spiritually by Jesus and His Apostles.
I would think Jesus and His most intimate of friends would be used to crowds interrupting their rest and meals by now, since it wasn’t the first time. Mark mentions at least one other time when crowds gathered around them, interrupting their “down time”:
“Again [the] crowd gathered, making it impossible for them even to eat.” (Mark 3:20).
Jesus is moved with “pity” toward these people experiencing such awe, joy, and desire as to pursue them. Jesus satisfies their spiritual hunger by teaching them many things in Bethesda, before and during the feeding of the 5000 @ Bethsaida (next week’s Gospel at Mass). In His preaching, teaching, and healing (plus feeding the multitudes), Jesus shows Himself as the true, promised, and faithful “shepherd” of the NEW Israel and of a NEW Exodus, as prophesized by Moses and Ezekiel:
“Then Moses said to the LORD, ‘May the LORD, the God of the spirits of all humanity, set over the community someone who will be their leader in battle and who will lead them out and bring them in, that the LORD’s community may not be like sheep without a shepherd.’” (Numbers 27:15-17);
“I [the Lord] myself will pasture my sheep; I myself will give them rest—[says] the Lord GOD.” (Ezekiel 34:15).
“When He disembarked and saw the vast crowd, His heart was moved with pity for them, for they were like sheep without a shepherd; and He began to teach them many things” (Mark 6:34).
What does the image of a shepherd tell us about God’s care for us? Well, shepherding was one of the oldest of occupations (a true calling) in Israel, even before farming. Why(?); because the “Chosen People” had to travel from place to place, living in tents, their constant movement required someone to herd and protect the flocks from one pastureland to another “round-the-clock” (“24/7”).
Taking care of sheep was no easy calling; it required great skill and courage. Flocks were often quite large, exceeding thousands or even ten thousands of sheep. The flocks spent a good part of the year in the open country. So, watching over the animals required a great deal of attention and care. Sheep who strayed from the flock had to be sought out and brought back, solely, by the shepherd, at his own peril.
Since hyenas, jackals, wolves, lions, and even bear were common in the biblical lands – – and tried to feed on the animals of the various flocks – – the shepherds often had to be ready to do battle with these wild and extremely dangerous beasts. A shepherd literally had to put his life on the line in defending his sheep (Remember, the shepherd King David’s encounter with Goliath). Shepherds took turns watching the sheep, grouped together at night, to ward off any attackers, so that each could get a little rest.
The sheep and their shepherds continually lived together. Their life was intimately bound together with the individual sheep, goats, and cattle in their charge, even when their animals mixed with other flocks. These animals quickly grew to learn and recognize the voice of their own shepherd, coming to him immediately when called by name. (My dog doesn’t even do this unless I have a treat in hand for her.)
The Old Testament often spoke of God as shepherd of His “chosen people”, Israel:
“The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want” (Psalm 23:1);
“Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, you who lead Joseph like a flock!” (Psalm 80:1);
“We are His people, and the sheep of His pasture” (Psalm 100:3).
The prophesized Savior Messiah is also pictured as the shepherd of God’s people:
“He will feed His flock like a shepherd, he will gather the lambs in his arms” (Isaiah 40:11).
“If a man has a hundred sheep and one of them goes astray, will he not leave the ninety-nine in the hills and go in search of the stray?” (Matthew 18:12);
“What man among you having a hundred sheep and losing one of them would not leave the ninety-nine in the desert and go after the lost one until he finds it?” (Luke 15:4);
“I am the good shepherd. A good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. Just as the Father knows me and I know the Father; and I will lay down my life for the sheep.” (John 10:11, 15).
When Jesus saw the huge number of people in need of His protection and care, He was moved, responding with a compassionate concern. His love was a personal and intimate love for each and every person who came to Him in need – – and still comes to Him today!! In the person of Jesus Christ, we see the unceasing vigilance and patience of God’s love for us as well as for ALL His creatures. In our battle against sin and evil, Jesus is ever-ready to give us help, strength, and refuge. Please trust Jesus and in His grace and help at all times! (I try to!!)
In summary, by reading between the lines, we can see from today’s Gospel reading the intensity of Jesus’ public ministry and the intensity of the Apostles involvement. Such was His dedication to those in His care – – those individual and unique souls – – that Mark mentions TWICE in his Gospel that Jesus and His close groups of disciples did not having time to eat. In doing so, Mark offered to us a precedent, an example to follow. A true Christian should be ever-ready to give up time, rest, and even meals in the service to others, to the Lord, and to His “Word”. In doing so, this attitude to openness, availability, and charity, will guide us to change our plans whenever, and wherever, the good of others souls requires our kindness and helping hand: our involvement.
Jesus gave us another precedent, EQUALLY important to follow as well: He teaches us to have “common sense” – – not to go to such extremes that you lessen your ability to cope without your own pressures, physically, mentally, or spiritually. Saint Bede (b.672/673 – d.735), an English monk, once wrote the following:
“The Lord makes His disciples rest, to show those in charge that people who work or preach cannot do so without breaks” (St Bede, “In Marci Evangelium exposition, in loc.)
St. Josemaria Escriva also wrote about rest, but in a rather unique way:
He who pledges Himself to work for Christ should never have a free moment, because to rest is to not to do nothing; it is to relax in activities which demand less effort” (St. Josemaria Escriva, “The Way”, 357)
I believe what St. Josemaria Escriva meant by this above statement is that, even at rest, the rest “itself” should be in Christ’s work (i.e., prayer, meditation) and even play – – a great source of active relaxation and joy.
Jesus chose twelve men from among His disciples. He sent them out to share in His ministry of preaching and healing. We who are Jesus’ disciples TODAY have also been sent out to share His Gospel with others. Perhaps, at times, our commitment to follow Jesus – – as His disciple – – leaves us feeling tired and overwhelmed. In today’s Gospel, we hear Jesus establish, encourage, and assert the importance of times of rest and renewal. Jesus wanted His disciples to “come away” and spend time alone – – with HIM!! This is what WE seek and find in our life of prayer, in our celebration of the Eucharist, and hopefully, in times of our personal retreats. When was the last time you “came away”, solely to spend time – – alone with Jesus Christ? When was the last time you made a retreat for even part of a day, much less a weekend or a week-long period of rejuvenation with, and in, Christ Himself??!! A great retreat experience is a joy to behold, a time of renewal beyond most other experiences short of the Eucharist itself (which is the SUMMIT of ALL experiences). Try it some time, “you’ll like it”!!
In conclusion, family and work life, and its demands on us , can make us feel similar to how Jesus and the Twelve Apostles felt in today’s Gospel: tired, and in need of rest. We often wish for times of relaxation and renewal, EXCEPT there are projects to complete, errands to do, household chores to keep up with, and commitments to keep. These all may be great things in themselves, but we are often left feeling drained and tired in trying to keep up, and keep on schedule.
Perhaps, if possible, take the opportunity this week to give yourself permission to find the rest and relaxation Jesus attempted to seek for His disciples in today’s Gospel. A gift we ALL can give to another is to assist them in finding some time and space to renew themselves; even, and especially, by saying a simple prayer of intercession.
Review your work and family calendar, spending some time reflecting on your unique and individual activities. Find ways to get an appropriate amount of time for rest and relaxation this week and in the weeks ahead. All of us need to keep in mind how Jesus tried to find time and space for His disciples to rest and relax after they returned from their mission, their work life; so should YOU! Ask God to help find time to renew yourself so that you might be better disciples of Jesus. (OK guys, when your wife asks you to take out the trash, don’t say, “I can’t do that. I’m under orders from Jesus to get rest.”)
“Lord, we are Your people, the sheep of Your flock. Heal the sheep who are wounded, touch the sheep who are in pain, clean the sheep who are soiled, warm the lambs who are cold. Help us to know the Father’s love through Jesus the Shepherd and through His Spirit. Help us to lift up that love, and show it all over this land. Help us to build love on justice and justice on love. Help us to believe mightily, hope joyfully, love divinely. Renew us that we may renew the face of the earth. Amen”
My reason and purpose for this section on my blog is to provide “scriptural confirmation” for our beliefs and doctrines, not to cause dissention or opposition with my fellow believers in Jesus Christ, yet not in union with the Roman Catholic Church. Whether God speaks to us through the “Bible”, or through “Tradition”, it is the Holy Spirit who inspires the “Word” from which all authentic tradition flows.
Tradition can be separated into two aspects: oral and behavioral. Oral tradition includes written forms. After all, it ALL started with oral tradition. Behavioral tradition includes Baptism, Eucharist or Lord’s Supper, Laying on of hands for healing, Intercessory prayer, and Ordination.
All Scriptural verses are taken from both the Revised Standard Version: Catholic Edition of the Holy Bible and the King James Version of the Holy Bible.
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God” (John 1:1) RSV.
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God” “(John 1:1) KJV.
“Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am” (John 8:58) RSV.
“Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am” (John 8:58) KJV.
Except for the mother of Jesus, few women are more honored in the Bible than Mary Magdalene. Yet she could well be the patron of the slandered, since there has been a persistent legend in the Church that she is the unnamed sinful woman who anointed the feet of Jesus in Luke 7:36-50.
Most Scripture scholars today point out that there is no scriptural basis for confusing the two women. Mary Magdalene, that is, “of Magdala,” was the one from whom Christ cast out “seven demons” (Luke 8:2)—an indication, at the worst, of extreme demonic possession or, possibly, severe illness.
Father W.J. Harrington, O.P., writing in the New Catholic Commentary, says that “seven demons” “does not mean that Mary had lived an immoral life—a conclusion reached only by means of a mistaken identification with the anonymous woman of Luke 7:36.” Father Edward Mally, S.J., writing in the Jerome Biblical Commentary, agrees that she “is not…the same as the sinner of Luke 7:37, despite the later Western romantic tradition about her.”
Mary Magdalene was one of the many “who were assisting them [Jesus and the Twelve] out of their means.” She was one of those who stood by the cross of Jesus with his mother. And, of all the “official” witnesses that might have been chosen for the first awareness of the Resurrection, she was the one to whom that privilege was given. She is known as the “Apostle to the Apostles.”
Mary Magdalene has been a victim of mistaken identity for almost 20 centuries. Yet she would no doubt insist that it makes no difference. We are all sinners in need of the saving power of God, whether our sins have been lurid or not. More importantly, we are all, with her, “unofficial” witnesses of the Resurrection.
She is the Patron Saint of: Penitents, Perfumers.
Saint of the Day: Lives, Lessons and Feast
By Leonard Foley, O.F.M.;
revised by Pat McCloskey, O.F.M.
(From http://www.americancatholic.org website)
22. The local fraternity is to be established canonically. It becomes the basic unit of the whole Order and a visible sign of the Church, the community of love. This should be the privileged place for developing a sense of Church and the Franciscan vocation and for enlivening the apostolic life of its members.
23. Requests for admission to the Secular Franciscan Order must be presented to the local fraternity, whose council decides upon the acceptance of new brothers and sisters.
Admission into the Order is gradually attained through a time of initiation, a period of formation of at least one year, and profession of the rule. The entire community is engaged in the process of growth by its own manner of living. The age for profession and the distinctive Franciscan sign are regulated by the statutes.
Profession by its nature is a permanent commitment.
Members who find themselves in particular difficulties should discuss their problems with the council in fraternal dialogue. Withdrawal or permanent dismissal from the Order, if necessary, is an act of the fraternity council according to the norm of the constitutions.