Twenty-Eighth Sunday in Ordinary Time
- Dan’s Deliberations, Discoveries, & Declarations
- Today in Catholic History
- Quotes of the Day
- Today’s Gospel Reading
- Gospel Reflection
- Reflection Prayer
- New Translation of the Mass
- A Franciscan’s Saint of the Day
- Franciscan Formation Reflection
- Reflection on part of the SFO Rule
It is 49 days till the Advent season begins, and the start of the “New Mass”. Have you looked at the changes? I have been posting most of them for over 6 months, one at a time. Look for the section title, “New Translation of the Mass” towards the end of my blog. Become informed, so you don’t become “lost”.
Did you know today is “Clergy Appreciation Day”? It is always the second Sunday of October. Please say “thank you” to your Priests and Deacons today.
† 1047 – Death of Clemens II, [Suitger], Pope (1046-47), (b. 1005
† 1776 – Father Francisco Palou founds Mission San Francisco de Asis in what is now San Francisco, California.
† 1793 – Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, French Jesuit missionary to China (b. 1718)
† 1845 – The eminent and controversial Anglican, John Henry Newman, is received into the Roman Catholic Church.
† 1927 – Birth of Ivan Metropolitan Ioann Snychev, Russian Orthodox Priest
† 1958 – Death of Pius XII, [Eugenio Pacelli], Pope (1939-58), (b. 1876)
(From the “On This Day” Blog Site
“Today in Catholic History”
“Don’t get up from the feast of life without paying for your share of it.” ~ Dean Inge.
“Faith is the ticket to the feast, not the feast.” ~ Edwin Louis Cole
“Marriage is a feast where the grace is sometimes better than the dinner.” ~ Charles Caleb Colton
Today’s reflection is about Jesus comparing the kingdom of heaven to a wedding feast.
(NAB Matthew 22:1-14) 1 Jesus again in reply spoke to them in parables, saying, 2“The kingdom of heaven may be likened to a king who gave a wedding feast for his son. 3 He dispatched his servants to summon the invited guests to the feast, but they refused to come. 4 A second time he sent other servants, saying, ‘Tell those invited: “Behold, I have prepared my banquet, my calves and fattened cattle are killed, and everything is ready; come to the feast.”’ 5 Some ignored the invitation and went away, one to his farm, another to his business. 6 The rest laid hold of his servants, mistreated them, and killed them. 7 The king was enraged and sent his troops, destroyed those murderers, and burned their city. 8 Then he said to his servants, ‘The feast is ready, but those who were invited were not worthy to come. 9 Go out, therefore, into the main roads and invite to the feast whomever you find.’ 10 The servants went out into the streets and gathered all they found, bad and good alike, and the hall was filled with guests. 11 But when the king came in to meet the guests he saw a man there not dressed in a wedding garment. 12 He said to him, ‘My friend, how is it that you came in here without a wedding garment?’ But he was reduced to silence. 13 Then the king said to his attendants, ‘Bind his hands and feet, and cast him into the darkness outside, where there will be wailing and grinding of teeth.’ 14 Many are invited, but few are chosen.”
Today’s parable about a “wedding feast” is also in Luke’s Gospel (See Luke 14:15–24). As in last Sunday’s parable about the “wicked tenants”, Matthew has inserted many symbolic traits inherent to his later first-century Jewish-Catholic Church. The growing tension between Jesus and the Jewish religious leaders of Jerusalem is relevant in today’s parable. With this in mind, today’s parable brings into focus a similar growing tension between Matthew’s Church in Jerusalem with the Jewish religious leaders and the Roman political officials in Jerusalem. The symbolic traits include the burning of the city of those quests who refused the invitation (Matthew 22:7), which corresponds to the destruction of Temple and Jerusalem itself, by the Romans in A.D. 70.
Today’s reading also has similarities with last week’s parable of the “wicked tenants” as well, in the sending of two groups of servants (Matthew 22:3, 4), the murder of the servants sent (Matthew 22:6), the punishment of the murderers of the servants (Matthew 22:7), and the introduction of a “another” group into the “privileged” situation, for which the previous group had shown themselves dishonorable, unworthy, and undeserving (Matthew 22:8–10).
The parable Jesus tells today is straightforward in the telling. A king dispatches his servants to invite the guests to the wedding feast that he is planning for his son. The listeners of this parable would have been surprised to learn that the first guests refused the invitation. Who would refuse such a request? Who would refuse a “king’s” invitation – – FREE FOOD & FUN? A second dispatch of servants follows to the invitees. Again, and with great surprise, some guests ignore the invitation for a second time. Matters of fact, some of the invited guests go even so far as to beat and kill the king’s servants. The king retaliates against these murderous “invitee’s” by destroying them and burning their city. (Now, that’s what I call “scorching” retribution!)
Today’s parable ends with an element found only in Matthew’s Gospel; an element easily capable of being its own distinct [and separate] parable. Matthew presents the “kingdom of God” in its true double characteristics, just like a coin has two sides. BOTH sides are already present and enterable here and now (Matthew 22:1–10), AND, is something that will only be obtained and achieved by those who stand the scrutiny of His “final judgment”, the “Parousia” (Matthew 22:11–14). (What a mystery of faith.) Today’s parable is not only a statement of God the Father’s judgment on “Israel” and it people itself, it is also a stern and prophetic warning to Matthew’s church, and to us here, now, and into the future.
Today’s first reading (cf., Isaiah 25:6-10a), and again in today’s psalm (cf., 23:1-6), Jesus’ magnificent and unending righteousness and loving goodness is unmistakable in the image of a feast of “good food and wine”. (Yummy!!)
Why does Jesus Christ portray the kingdom of heaven as a “wedding feast”? Interestingly, wedding feasts of this time period are nothing like today’s wedding receptions. A first-century wedding feast could normally last for an entire week or more, and not just for a few hours, but for the entire 24/7 period of time – – day and night. The bride had many dresses for the feast, basically one or more for each day. There would be large amounts of various foods and drinks available (and not a cash bar either). Think of a cleaner version of “Woodstock”, and you get the idea.
Listeners of this story would have been familiar with the image of a wedding feast as a symbol for God’s salvation. After all, they would consider themselves to be the only invited guests. Keeping this in mind may help us to understand the relationship Jesus makes with this particular parable.
“On this mountain the LORD of hosts will provide for all peoples a feast of rich food and choice wines, juicy, rich food and pure, choice wines.” (Isaiah 25:6).
The symbolic image of a wedding feast is also reported earlier in Matthew, and inferred in Luke’s Gospel:
“I say to you, many will come from the east and the west, and will recline with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob at the banquet in the kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 8:11),
“The Lord said to him in reply, ‘Hypocrites! Does not each one of you on the Sabbath untie his ox or his ass from the manger and lead it out for watering?” (Luke 13:15).
The sending of “servants”, twice, makes me wonder about Matthew’s church and its mission. Could he have been referring to Catholic Christian missionaries in both instances of his reported “sending servants” in these “justice parables”? My reasoning comes in the very next chapter of Matthew book:
“Therefore, behold, I send to you prophets and wise men and scribes; some of them you will kill and crucify, some of them you will scourge in your synagogues and pursue from town to town” (Matthew 23:34).
Matthew’s “prophets and wise men and scribes”, I believe, are Catholic Christian disciples, sent out alone:
“Whoever receives a prophet because he is a prophet will receive a prophet’s reward, and whoever receives a righteous man because he is righteous will receive a righteous man’s reward.” (Matthew 10:41)
Let’s not get confused over the word “prophet”. A “prophet” is simply one who speaks in the name of God; those who proclaim the “good word”, His Gospel. As with the prophets, righteousness was (and is still) demanded of ALL His disciples. It might be difficult for us to take the “righteous man” of this verse (Matthew 10:41) as indicating different groups within the followers of Jesus. All designations, – – disciples, prophets, wise men, and scribes – – are used here for Catholic Christian missionaries. However, Matthew tends to identify Jesus’ disciples, and the Twelve Apostles, in a unique way. “Scribes”, per Matthew, is not everyone who accepts the message of Jesus Christ. While the Twelve Apostles, in certain regards, are in many ways, representative of all who believe in Jesus, they are also differentiated from everyone who believes in Jesus Christ. Matthew’s early Jewish-Catholic Church had leaders, among who were a group designated as “scribes”.
These men (and women) would most certainly have been beaten and killed at times, during their mission trips. Many, such as Paul, would be scourged in synagogues throughout the many places they were sent.
The persecutions brought against the first-century disciples (the followers) of Jesus Christ during this “post-resurrection” time of local and worldly missions are related here in Matthew’s Gospel as a message to his audience.
Thus, today’s reading also brings into dialogue, verses which deal with events preceding the Parousia:
“Beware of people, for they will hand you over to courts and scourge you in their synagogues. When they persecute you in one town, flee to another. Amen, I say to you, you will not finish the towns of Israel before the Son of Man comes.” (Matthew 10:17, 23)
Ok, I have to wonder, “Why would guests beat and kill the king’s servants who sent to invite them to a royal wedding feast?” Is it possible that the king was a ruthless tyrant, as evidenced by the destruction of the city of those who refused his generous invitation? I don’t believe so, because, if we follow this path or notion of ruthless and tyrannical behavior, then the symbolism has to be about something other than the kingdom of heaven, where nothing is ruthless or tyrannical. The symbolism of the “destruction of the city” is simply a powerful image which corresponds to the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in A.D. 70; an important, and disturbing, event for Matthew’s Jerusalem-based Jewish-Catholic audience.
With the invited guests now deemed “unworthy” to attend the king’s wedding feast, the king sends out his servants to invite “whomever they can find”. These “new” invitee’s (found on the streets) arrive at the banquet not realizing that it in accepting the king’s invitation, it brings certain obligations with the invite. The guest who failed to dress in the appropriate wedding attire is cast out of the banquet feast. How is this image pertinent to me and you – – TODAY?
Well, while many are invited to the kingdom of heaven, not all are able to meet its requirements. God invites ALL of us to His feast, giving us His salvation. Yet He also asks us to repent for our sins.
Matthew has Jesus (in verse 10) gathering the “bad and good alike”. My question is, “Why would you want the ‘bad’ to come to a joyous occasion?” Maybe the answer can be found in an earlier verse from Matthew:
“The kingdom of heaven is like a net thrown into the sea, which collects fish of every kind.” (Matthew 13:47).
Only God will judge and sort His people, separating the good harvest from the bad weeds. It is not our job and above our “pay-scale”! Instead, we should try with all our resources, power, and being to bring ALL people to His kingdom. As the famous (or infamous) Marine Corps saying goes:
“It’s God’s job to forgive. It’s only our job to arrange the meeting”!!
The “wedding garment” described in verse 11 of todays reading is representative of repentance and conversion: a true change of heart, mind and soul. This is the absolute condition required for entrance into God’s kingdom – – on earth and in heaven – – from each of us “sinners”:
“Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand!” (Matthew 3:2 & 4:17).
“Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only the one who does the will of my Father in heaven. Many will say to me on that day, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name? Did we not drive out demons in your name? Did we not do mighty deeds in your name?’ Then I will declare to them solemnly, ‘I never knew you. Depart from me, you evildoers.” (Matthew 7:21–23).
The image of “wailing and grinding of teeth”, as found in verse 13 of today’s reading, does not sound like a fun activity whatsoever (unless one happens to be a sadistic oral surgeon)! In this verse, Jesus is referring to the Catholic disciple who lacks being clothed in the “wedding garment” of good works, those who will suffer the identical fate as the Jewish “chosen people” (the people of Israel) who have rejected Jesus Christ in His mission and message. Matthew gives a similar account earlier in his Gospel:
“I say to you, many will come from the east and the west, and will recline with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob at the banquet in the kingdom of heaven, but the children of the kingdom will be driven out into the outer darkness, where there will be wailing and grinding of teeth.” (Matthew 8:11–12)
Matthew inserted into today’s parable an element regarding the entrance of Gentiles into God’s kingdom AND the exclusion – – the separation from God – – of those Israelites descended from the patriarchs and members of the chosen nation, who refused to believe in Jesus Christ. The phrase, “wailing and grinding of teeth”, is used frequently throughout Matthew’s Gospel to describe a “final condemnation” (cf., Matthew 8:12, 13:42, 13:50; 22:13; 24:51; and 25:30). It is found in only one other place in the New Testament outside Matthew’s Gospel, that being Luke’s Gospel:
“There will be wailing and grinding of teeth when you see Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God and you yourselves cast out.“ (Luke 13:28).
To summarize, Jesus’ message in today’s parable cautions against exclusive beliefs about the kingdom of heaven: the Protestant, “I know I am saved and going to heaven” type of belief. This parable also teaches about humility. Those who assume that they are the invited guests may find that they have actually “refused” the invitation, with others invited to the banquet in their place. To accept the invitation is also to accept its obligations and responsibilities. God wants our full conversion – – daily, – – and in complete acceptance of His mercy.
Why does Jesus’ parable seem to focus on an angry king who ends up punishing those who refused his invitation and who mistreated his servants? We need to realize that Jesus’ parable, in reality, contains two stories. The first has to do with the original guests invited to the feast. The king sent out invitations, well in advance, to his subjects. They had plenty of time to prepare for attending this great feast. How insulting was it for the invited guests to then refuse to come when the time for celebrating arrived?! In refusing, they not only insulted the King, but his son as well. The king’s anger and hurt is rightly justified; they openly refused to give the king the honor he was due!!
Jesus directed this warning – – somewhat found “between the lines” in today’s reading, – – to the Jews of His day. It both communicated how much God wanted them to share in the joy of His kingdom, AND also to give a warning about the consequences of refusing His Son, their (and our) Messiah and Savior – – Jesus Christ.
The second part of the story focuses on those who had no claim on the king; those who would never have considered getting such an invitation. The “good and the bad“, found along the highways, refers to Gentiles and sinners – – the weeds among the grain. How great was this invitation of grace! What an undeserved, unmerited, favor, and kindness was this invitation for these outcasts of society!
However, let’s look at the other side of the “grace” coin (there is always two sides to everything). The flip-side contains a warning for those who choose to refuse His gift, His grace, OR, who approaches the heavenly banquet feast “unworthily”. Grace is a free gift, but with it comes an awesome responsibility.
In conclusion, we are all, in fact and faith, invited to the MOST important banquet of all banquets ever possible, anywhere and at any time!! The last book in the Holy Bible: “Revelations”, ends with a beautiful invitation to God the Father’s wedding feast for the Lamb (Jesus Christ) and His Bride, the Catholic (Universal) Church:
“The Spirit and the bride say, ‘Come.’ Let the hearer say, ‘Come.’ Let the one who thirsts come forward, and the one who wants it receive the gift of life-giving water.” (Revelations 22:17)
So, how do we respond to His invitation? God the Father has granted us “free will” to accept or reject His salvation. The parable of the wedding feast reminds us that God desires our wholehearted and total acceptance of His invitation.
What do you consider appropriate attire for various occasions? For example, if you were invited to a barbecue, what would you wear? If you were planning to attend the symphony, how would you dress? If invited to an evening wedding, what might you put on? Doesn’t our preparation for an event, our choice of attire, indicate the importance and value we place on the particular occasion? In today’s Gospel, Jesus uses this metaphor to talk about the kingdom of heaven. What does Jesus Himself expect from those who accept His invitation of salvation?
God invites each of us to His banquet; a feast we may share in, with, and through His joy – – for eternity. Are you ready to feast at the Lord’s banquet table?
“The Serenity Prayer”
“God grant me the serenity
to accept the things I cannot change;
courage to change the things I can;
and wisdom to know the difference.
Living one day at a time;
Enjoying one moment at a time;
Accepting hardships as the pathway to peace;
Taking, as He did, this sinful world
as it is, not as I would have it;
Trusting that He will make all things right
if I surrender to His Will;
That I may be reasonably happy in this life
and supremely happy with Him
Forever in the next. Amen.”
Pax et Bonum
Dan Halley, SFO
In November of 2011, with the start of the new Liturgical year and Advent, there will be a few noticeable changes in the Mass. It will still be the same ritual for celebrating the Eucharist. The Mass will still have the same parts, the same patterns, and the same flow as it has had for the past several decades. It is only the translation of the Latin that is changing.
The new translation seeks to correspond much more closely to the exact words and sentence structure of the Latin text. At times, this results in a good and faithful rendering of the original meaning. At other times it produces a rather awkward text in English which is difficult to proclaim and difficult to understand. Most of those problems affect the texts which priests will proclaim rather than the texts that belong to the congregation as a whole. It is to the congregation’s texts that I will address with each blog, in a repetitive basis until the start of Advent.
In the words of Vatican II’s Lumen Gentium, #11, the Eucharist is the “source and summit” of Christian life. Anything we can do to understand our liturgy more deeply will draw us closer to God.
During the Preparation of the Gifts, the prayers of the priest have several changes, but the only change for the assembly is the addition of the word “Holy” to the response just before the Prayer over the Offerings. Where we now say, “for our good and the good of all his Church,” the new text says, “for our good and the good of all His Holy Church.”
Material from “Changing How We Pray”, by Rev. Lawrence E. Mick
“I am only one person! Why should I do anything? What good would it do?” Today, as in any age, people seem plagued with the dilemma of getting involved. In his own way, John Leonardi answered these questions. He chose to become a priest.
After his ordination, he became very active in the works of the ministry, especially in hospitals and prisons. The example and dedication of his work attracted several young laymen who began to assist him. They later became priests themselves.
John lived after the Protestant Reformation and the Council of Trent. He and his followers projected a new congregation of diocesan priests. For some reason, the plan, which was ultimately approved, provoked great political opposition. John was exiled from his home town of Lucca, Italy, for almost the entire remainder of his life. He received encouragement and help from St. Philip Neri [whose feast is May 26], who gave him his lodgings—along with the care of his cat!
In 1579, John formed the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, and published a compendium of Christian doctrine that remained in use until the 19th century.
Father Leonardi and his priests became a great power for good in Italy, and their congregation was confirmed by Pope Clement in 1595. He died at the age of 68 from a disease caught when tending those stricken by the plague.
By the deliberate policy of the founder, the Clerks Regular of the Mother of God have never had more than 15 churches and today form only a very small congregation.
What can one person do? If you ever glanced through a Christopher Notes pamphlet you know—plenty! In the life of each saint one thing stands clear: God and one person are a majority! What one individual, following God’s will and plan for his or her life, can do is more than our mind could ever hope for or imagine. Each of us, like John Leonardi, has a mission to fulfill in God’s plan for the world. Each one of us is unique and has been given talent to use for the service of our brothers and sisters for the building up of God’s kingdom.
“Do not be afraid any longer, little flock, for your Father is pleased to give you the kingdom. Sell your belongings and give alms. Provide money bags for yourselves that do not wear out, an inexhaustible treasure in heaven that no thief can reach nor moth destroy” (Luke 12:32-33).
Saint of the Day: Lives, Lessons and Feast
By Leonard Foley, O.F.M.;
revised by Pat McCloskey, O.F.M.
(From http://www.americancatholic.org website)
“Saint Francis and the Spirituality”
How does Saint Francis show his awareness of his “duty” as a superior (aka, “minister”)?
What expectations did Saint Francis expect from other superiors (Ministers)?
How did Saint Francis advise about compassion, for friars who sin publicly?
What does Saint Francis mean when saying, “everything that makes it difficult to love God” is a “special favor”?
9. The Virgin Mary, humble servant of the Lord, was open to His every word and call. She was embraced by Francis with indescribable love and declared the protectress and advocate of his family. The Secular Franciscans should express their ardent love for her by imitating her complete self-giving and by praying earnestly and confidently.
10. United themselves to the redemptive obedience of Jesus, who placed His will into the Father’s hands, let them faithfully fulfill the duties proper to their various circumstances of life. Let them also follow the poor and crucified Christ, witness to Him even in difficulties and persecutions.