Fifteenth Sunday of Ordinary Time
- · Dan’s Deliberations, Discoveries, & Declarations
- · Today in Catholic History
- · Quote of the Day
- · Today’s Gospel Reading
- · Gospel Reflection
- · Reflection Prayer
- · Catholic Apologetics
- · A Franciscan’s Saint of the Day
- · Reflection on part of the OFS Rule
I love today’s readings immensely. For me, it’s proof that Jesus not only wanted, but insisted on each of us to go out to the masses – – the very people we meet on our daily journeys through life – – and preach the Gospel, and to spread the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit (the charisms, from which the word “charismatic” originates): Wisdom, Understanding, Counsel, Fortitude, Knowledge, Piety, and the Fear of the Lord [an awe confirming hope in the Lord]. This last charism is a hard one to understand for most of us. Simply speaking, “fear” is not the fear of being harmed. Biblical fear is the desire not to offend God, an awareness and certainty that God will supply us with the grace (the gift) which we need in order to keep from offending Him (Some call it “piety”).
The seven gifts (charisms) of the Holy Spirit are spelled out in the prophetic Old Testament book of Isaiah:
“The spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him: a spirit of wisdom and of understanding, a spirit of counsel and of strength, a spirit of knowledge and of fear of the LORD, and his delight shall be the fear of the LORD. Not by appearance shall he judge, nor by hearsay shall he decide” (Isaiah 11:2-3).
These graces, gifts, or charisms, are present in their fullness in Jesus Christ Himself. However, these special gifts from God the Father are found in all Christians who are in a state of grace. We receive them when infused with “sanctifying grace”, the life of God within us, at the moment of each Sacrament!! You can read more about charisms of the Holy Spirit throughout the “Catechism of the Catholic Church,” especially paragraphs 688, 798 – 800, and 2003 specifically. To learn more about “sanctifying grace”, read paragraphs 1266, 1999-2000, and 2023-2024, among others. There is a whole section in the catechism dedicated solely to the Holy Spirit; please review.
If you do not own a copy of the catechism, my question is, “WHY NOT?!!”: it is the Catholic “rule book”, a living part and parcel with the Catholic “instruction manual”, the Catholic Bible (73 book edition). However, to save the day, there is an online edition available here: http://old.usccb.org/catechism/text/.
† 1099 – First Crusade: Christian soldiers take Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem after the final assault of a difficult siege.
† 1205 – Pope Innocent III states Jews are doomed to perpetual servitude and subjugation due to crucifixion of Jesus. (This was corrected by John XXIIII)
† 1274 – Death of John F Bonaventure, Italian/French Theologian. A Dominican and a Saint of the Catholic Church
† 1823 – A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome.
† 1850 – Birth of Francesca Xavier Cabrini, [Mother Cabrini], 1st US saint
† 1898 – Death of Jean Baptiste Salpointe, the first Bishop of Arizona and the second Archbishop of Santa Fe, New Mexico. (b. 1825)
† 1944 – Death of Marie-Victorin, French Canadian De La Salle Christian Brother and botanist (b. 1885)
† 1953 – Death of Servant of God Archbishop Mar Ivanios, founder of the Bethany Ashram order of monks [India]. (b.1882)
† 1992 – Pope John Paul II hospitalized for 3 weeks to have tumor removed
(From the “On This Day” Blog Site
“Today in Catholic History”
“Once you become a good steward of the graces God has given you, then you are in a position to extend them to others. There is no better way to live your life. It will then be said of you, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant’ (Matthew 25:21).” ~ Sr. Anne Shields, S.G.L., “To Be Like Jesus“, Servant Books
Today’s reflection: Jesus instructs His disciples, and then sends them to preach repentance.
(NAB Mark 6:7-13) 7 He summoned the Twelve and began to send them out two by two and gave them authority over unclean spirits. 8 He instructed them to take nothing for the journey but a walking stick—no food, no sack, no money in their belts. 9 They were, however, to wear sandals but not a second tunic. 10 He said to them, “Wherever you enter a house, stay there until you leave from there. 11 Whatever place does not welcome you or listen to you, leave there and shake the dust off your feet in testimony against them.” 12 So they went off and preached repentance. 13 They drove out many demons, and they anointed with oil many who were sick and cured them.
The readings at Mass tell a story about God calling His “prophets”, and later “apostles”, to go out and spread the good news, the Word of God, and the Gospel of the Lord. In the first reading, the Lord appears to Amos, and commands him to go and prophesy to the people of Israel in Bethel, under the authority of Amaziah, the priest of Bethel.
I find it truly interesting that like most of the men and woman whom God “calls”, Amos did not consider himself a prophet or even worthy of God’s grace. It is often said:
“God does not call the qualified but God qualifies the called.”
“I am not a prophet, nor do I belong to a company of prophets. I am a herdsman and a dresser of sycamores, but the LORD took me from following the flock, and the LORD said to me, ‘Go, prophesy to my people Israel.’” (Amos 7:14-15).
This week’s Gospel, and the one for next week (cf., Mark 6:30-34), relates to us the “how” Jesus sends and commissions His twelve disciples to minister – – in His name – – and of their return to Jesus afterwards. Interestingly, these two passages (this next week’s) are not presented together in Mark’s Gospel. Inserted between these two stories is the report of Herod’s fear that Jesus is actually John the Baptist himself, somehow reincarnated back from the dead. (Did Herod believe in zombies?)
In Mark’s Gospel, Jesus’ ministry is presented in connection with the teaching of John the Baptist – – and John’s rejection and death. Jesus’ public ministry begins after John the Baptist is arrested. So, John the Baptist prepared the way for Jesus Christ – – the Savior Messiah – – who preached the fulfillment of the Kingdom of God which John the Baptist heralded during his prophetic ministry of baptizing as a sign of a true conversion and repentance (a “metanoia”).
While we do not read the details about John the Baptist in our Gospel this week or next week, our Lectionary sequence stays consistent with Mark’s theme: the close connection between John’s and Jesus’ ministries. Recall that last week we heard how Jesus was rejected in his hometown of Nazareth (cf., Mark 6:1-6). Mark’s insertion – – NOW – – of a reminder about John the Baptist’s ministry, and his death at the hands of Herod, makes a similar point: John was also rejected, imprisoned, and murdered for his faith and obedience to the “Word”! Mark reminded his readers about this dangerous context of rejection with regard to Jesus’ ministry for Himself AND for His disciples: preaching, metanoia, repentance, and the Kingdom of God, was a dangerous business for both. Mark wanted his readers to remember that we, too, may (and will) find resistance as we choose to be disciples of Jesus, following our own personal “Way of the Cross”.
Simon, James, John, Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James, Thaddeus, Simon, and Judas Iscariot.
Mark notes that these twelve are also called “apostles” (meaning “one who is sent”). But why did Jesus choose “twelve”? Well, the number twelve is a symbolic number, representing the twelve tribes of Israel. By naming “twelve apostles”, Jesus is showing His mission to be in continuity with the intention, will, and plan of God the Father for His “chosen” people, Israel.
This preparation for the mission of Jesus’ “Twelve Apostles” is seen in the two-fold call:
“As He passed by the Sea of Galilee, He saw Simon and his brother Andrew casting their nets into the sea; they were fishermen. Jesus said to them, ‘Come after me, and I will make you fishers of men.’ Then they abandoned their nets and followed Him. He walked along a little farther and saw James, the son of Zebedee, and his brother John. They too were in a boat mending their nets. Then He called them. So they left their father Zebedee in the boat along with the hired men and followed Him” (Mark 1:16–20);
“He went up the mountain and summoned those whom He wanted and they came to Him. He appointed twelve [whom he also named apostles] that they might be with Him and He might send them forth to preach and to have authority to drive out demons: [He appointed the twelve:] Simon, whom he named Peter; James, son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James, whom He named Boanerges, that is, sons of thunder; Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus; Thaddeus, Simon the Cananean, and Judas Iscariot who betrayed him.” (Mark 3:13–19).
Now these twelve closest and most intimate disciples of Jesus Christ are given the specific mission to exercise God’s authority – – in word and power – – as representatives of Jesus during the time of their formation.
Jesus’ instructions to the apostles are very specific. He repeats that mission to “preach”, “to share His authority”, “to heal”, and “to drive out demons” (No easy task – – then – – or NOW!). Jesus sends them in pairs, establishing His mission as a communal endeavor. There are NO “independent” Catholics. We ALL make up the ONE, Holy, Catholic (Universal), and Apostolic Church; we are ALL part of Christ’s body. When one sins, it literally affects every other part of the body of the Church, just as an injury affects the entire human body. When one part is “redeemed”, the body is healthier.
Interestingly so, in Mark, the use of a walking stick (Mark 6:8) and sandals (Mark 6:9) is permitted, but not so in Matthew nor in Luke:
“Do not take gold or silver or copper for your belts; no sack for the journey, or a second tunic, or sandals, or walking stick. The laborer deserves his keep.” (Matthew 10:9-10);
“Carry no money bag, no sack, no sandals; and greet no one along the way.” (Luke 10:4).
Mark does not mention any prohibition against visiting pagan territories or entering Samaritan towns. These differences indicate a certain adaptation to the unique conditions of Christian communities in and outside of Palestine; they also suggest in Mark’s account a later activity in his particular church.
Jesus also instructed the “apostles” to travel lightly, without the customary food, money, and extra set of clothes normally taken on trips. These instructions obliged the Twelve to be dependent on the hospitality of others they met along their journey of faith, preaching, and healing. They were to do no more than that of Jesus Himself, for Jesus also depended on others to provide for His needs.
Jesus required His “apostles” (and other disciples) a total and absolute desire for, and dependence upon God the Father for food and shelter, which He would provide through other people and the Holy Spirit:
“By now it was already late and his disciples approached him and said, ‘This is a deserted place and it is already very late. Dismiss them so that they can go to the surrounding farms and villages and buy themselves something to eat.’ He said to them in reply, ‘Give them some food yourselves.’ But they said to him, ‘Are we to buy two hundred days’ wages worth of food and give it to them to eat?’ He asked them, ‘How many loaves do you have? Go and see.’ And when they had found out they said, ‘Five loaves and two fish.’ So He gave orders to have them sit down in groups on the green grass. The people took their places in rows by hundreds and by fifties. Then, taking the five loaves and the two fish and looking up to heaven, He said the blessing, broke the loaves, and gave them to [His] disciples to set before the people; He also divided the two fish among them all. They all ate and were satisfied. And they picked up twelve wicker baskets full of fragments and what was left of the fish. Those who ate [of the loaves] were five thousand men.” (Mark 6:35–44);
“In those days when there again was a great crowd without anything to eat, He summoned the disciples and said, ‘My heart is moved with pity for the crowd, because they have been with me now for three days and have nothing to eat. If I send them away hungry to their homes, they will collapse on the way, and some of them have come a great distance.’ His disciples answered him, ‘Where can anyone get enough bread to satisfy them here in this deserted place?’ Still He asked them, ‘How many loaves do you have?’ ‘Seven,’ they replied. He ordered the crowd to sit down on the ground. Then, taking the seven loaves He gave thanks, broke them, and gave them to His disciples to distribute, and they distributed them to the crowd. They also had a few fish. He said the blessing over them and ordered them distributed also. They ate and were satisfied. They picked up the fragments left over—seven baskets. There were about four thousand people.” (Mark 8:1–9).
These twelve men, sent in pairs, were also instructed to remain in the same house where they were accepted, and stayed as guests as long as there was a need (Mark 6:10). This instruction kept them from moving to another home offering greater comfort, better food, and more luxurious shelter; this helped them avoid any impression of seeking advantage for themselves, and prevented dishonoring any host.
“Shaking the dust off one’s feet” (Mark 6:11) functioned as visual and external sacramental act of sorts, testifying against those who rejected the call to repentance, those who rejected an internal belief, and the redemption offered through faith in, through, and with Jesus Christ, the promised Messiah.
By “shaking the dust frpm one’s feet”, these apostles of Christ were indicating a complete disassociation – – a disclaimer of any connection or involvement — with such unbelievers. These non-believers did not want to have what these apostles of Christ had to offer to them; Christ is never to be forced on anyone. After all, not everyone is going to be open to accept or believe what the Apostles came to say and to perform in their midst. However such refusals did not – – could not – – stop their (Christ’s) mission on earth.
Interestingly, this concept of refusing to accept or believe is not only for strangers with whom we come into contact in our lives; it very well (and often) does include neighbors, coworkers, fellow parishioners, and even those within our own immediate families. I recall personally, my attempts to get men and women I KNOW who would love the experience and divine encounter from attending an ACTS retreat (a type of Catholic “Cursillo” retreat). I, at times, became SOooo frustrated at the lack of enthusiasm and outright refusal by others, (sometimes even indignantly), at my invitation to this time of fellowship, community, spirituality, theology, and enjoyment. I must add no one who has attended, ever was disappointed by participating in an ACTS retreat. It wasn’t I making their experience and encounter so awesome and enjoyable; it was the Holy Spirit awakening and being set free within them which creates all the joyful emotions, and renewed faith, one encounters on such a retreat.
It has taken me a few years of such bad exposures and experiences while evangelizing to realize that, when we “rub someone the wrong way”, when we fail to “connect” with someone the first time when evangelizing, I learned the need for giving them some time and space to allow the Holy Spirit to work in and through them for a change of heart. After all, we are ultimately on God’s time, not ours.
“Anointed with oil many who were sick and cured them” (Mark 6:13).
Using oils of various types was a common medicinal remedy during Jesus’ time on earth. However, the use of oil as an instrument (a sacramental) to facilitate a cure, is seen – – in this particular case – – as a vessel of divine power, a divine grace, for healing.
In Summary, when Jesus spoke of power and authority, He did something truly unique: He married “power” and “authority” with “love” and “humility”. The “world” and the “flesh” seek power for selfish gain; However, Jesus teaches us to use it for the good and welfare of our neighbors – – our communities.
Jesus, today, still continues to send us into the world as His disciples – – His little apostles. However, like the first disciples, we are not, nor ever will be, sent out alone. Jesus gave us a great gift, a great grace, the community of the Church. The Church (not the building, but the people) strengthens our life and desire for discipleship. The Christian message can only be authentically proclaimed in, with, and through the community of faith – – and faith-full – – the true Church of Christ. In our work and words with others, we build this community of faith; and we should be inviting others to share in this great gift from God the Father Himself! I challenge you to ask someone to attend Mass with you this week, next week, and so. As any “fisherman” knows, you throw in the hook and sometimes nothing happens; and occasionally a great catch is “taken home”!
Why does Jesus tell the apostles to “travel light” – – with little or no provisions needed for their journey? Why did Jesus want them to live in poverty? Answer: to live in His Holy Spirit: “Poverty of spirit” freed them (and frees us) from greed, materialism, and preoccupation with possessions, thus making more than enough room for God’s wants, needs, and provisions to fill us completely and fully. Jesus wants His disciples (still today) – – US – – to be dependent UPON HIM and not on one’s self. Jesus wants to work in, with, and through, each of us for His glory.
Every day we are called to prophesy (to encourage) and to preach (to testify). By right and power of our Baptism we are called to be priest and prophet. Many times when I felt unqualified when asked to perform a task, I felt inadequate for the task at hand. However, I learned that, if I just said “yes”, surrendering to the Holy Spirit, God the Father would “qualify” me, the unqualified. He would give me the tools and knowledge to complete the task He has called me to complete in His name.
So how do we spread the good news? St. Francis made it very clear:
“Preach the Gospel and use words only when necessary”.
St. Francis also made it clear that we should preach the Gospel to all of God’s creation. (So, talk to your dogs and cats about today’s Gospel.)
In conclusion, families who work together, accomplishing the humdrum, routine household tasks, know the benefits of cooperation are more than simple efficiency. In sharing daily tasks, we accomplish more; AND, we also build lasting, enjoyable, relationships. So, Jesus sent His disciples in pairs to preach, teach, and heal in His name. Perhaps the work of the apostles was accomplished more effectively in pairs; and more importantly, Jesus’ own mission was actually accomplished – – more authentically! – – (Whoa, think on this last statement. It is pretty heavy theologically and philosophically). Jesus’ message can only authentically be proclaimed in, with, and through His/OUR “community” of faith – – a Universal (“Catholic”) Church [in the singular].
Think about some household tasks which are more easily accomplished when done with two or more people working together. Why does working together not only make the job easier, but also make the task more fun? Well, probably because you and the others helping are able to spend time together in “community”.
Knowing the advantages and capabilities of “community”, why do you think Jesus sent out His disciples in pairs? Jesus STILL continues to give us “communities” with which we intimately share our life of discipleship: our family AND the community of the local and universal Church. The Lord Jesus Christ entrusts us with His gifts and talents. Are you eager to place yourself at His service (?), to do whatever He bids of you (?); to witness His truth and saving power to whomever and wherever He sends you?
Please pray we ALL continue to rely on the support of the community of the Church in our life of discipleship. The Holy Spirit is the oxygen for our souls, and for the living universal Church community, breathed into us by Christ Himself! Wow, let me finish with this UNIQUE analogy of the community of the universal (Catholic) Church:
The Catholic Church is a:
“O God, who show the light of your truth
to those who go astray,
so that they may return to the right path,
give all who for the faith they profess
are accounted Christians
the grace to reject whatever is contrary to
the name of Christ
and to strive after all that does it honor.
Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son,
who lives and reigns with you in the unity
of the Holy Spirit,
one God, forever and ever. Amen.”
(Prayer for the Fifteenth Sunday of Ordinary Time)
My reason and purpose for this section on my blog is to provide “scriptural confirmation” for our beliefs and doctrines, not to cause dissention or opposition with my fellow believers in Jesus Christ, yet not in union with the Roman Catholic Church. Whether God speaks to us through the “Bible”, or through “Tradition”, it is the Holy Spirit who inspires the “Word” from which all authentic tradition flows.
Tradition can be separated into two aspects: oral and behavioral. Oral tradition includes written forms. After all, it ALL started with oral tradition. Behavioral tradition includes Baptism, Eucharist or Lord’s Supper, Laying on of hands for healing, Intercessory prayer, and Ordination.
All Scriptural verses are taken from both the Revised Standard Version: Catholic Edition of the Holy Bible and the King James Version of the Holy Bible.
“For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government will be upon his shoulder, and his name will be called ‘Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace’” (Isaiah 9:6) RSV.
“For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.” (Isaiah 9:6) KJV.
“Simon Peter replied, ‘You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.’ And Jesus answered him, ‘Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jona! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven’” (Matthew 16:16-17) RSV.
“And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.” (Matthew 16:16-17) KJV.
A Franciscan’s Saint of the Day: St. Bonaventure (1221-1274)
Bonaventure, Franciscan, theologian, doctor of the Church, was both learned and holy. Because of the spirit that filled him and his writings, he was at first called the Devout Doctor; but in more recent centuries he has been known as the Seraphic Doctor after the “Seraphic Father” Francis because of the truly Franciscan spirit he possessed.
Born in Bagnoregio, a town in central Italy, he was cured of a serious illness as a boy through the prayers of Francis of Assisi. Later, he studied the liberal arts in Paris. Inspired by Francis and the example of the friars, especially of his master in theology, Alexander of Hales, he entered the Franciscan Order, and became in turn a teacher of theology in the university. Chosen as minister general of the Order in 1257, he was God’s instrument in bringing it back to a deeper love of the way of St. Francis, both through the life of Francis which he wrote at the behest of the brothers and through other works which defended the Order or explained its ideals and way of life.
Bonaventure so united holiness and theological knowledge that he rose to the heights of mysticism while yet remaining a very active preacher and teacher, one beloved by all who met him. To know him was to love him; to read him is still for us today to meet a true Franciscan and a gentleman.
Saint of the Day: Lives, Lessons and Feast By Leonard Foley, O.F.M.; revised by Pat McCloskey, O.F.M. (From http://www.americancatholic.org website)
Let them individually and collectively be in the forefront in promoting justice by the testimony of their human lives and their courageous initiatives. Especially in the field of public life, they should make definite choices in harmony with their faith.
Let them esteem work both as a gift and as a sharing in the creation, redemption, and service of the human community.