Twenty-Fifth Sunday in Ordinary Time
- Dan’s Deliberations, Discoveries, & Declarations
- Today in Catholic History
- Joke of the Day
- Today’s Gospel Reading
- Gospel Reflection
- Reflection Prayer
- New Translation of the Mass
- A Franciscan’s Saint of the Day
- Franciscan Formation Reflection
- Reflection on part of the SFO Rule
Dan’s Deliberations, Discoveries, & Declarations:
This blog-post marks two full complete years of writing my reflections. In these two years I have written and published 387 separate reflections on various issues, predominately religious, and nearly always based on the days Gospel reading from the Roman Catholic Missal.
My blog has had over 40,000 individual visits in these two years. In the first month (September 2009), there was an average of 5 people visiting my site per day. I am now averaging about 125 visits per day, with the busiest being May 7, 2011 (296 hits), and the busiest month occurring in May, 2011 (6528 hits). Thank you for coming to my site, and especially for coming back repeatedly. Please spread the word to your friends and family about my reflection blog.
I have to give a special thanks and graditude to my dear friend and Spiritual Director, John Hough. John is a very active member of my parish and participates in the ACTS retreat faith fellowship encounters I attend every Saturday morning, consisting of a group (usually about 14-20 people), showing our faith by participating in the following:
Rosary before Mass, Mass itself, then the Divine Mercy Chaplet after Mass, and finally ending with some cholesterol enhancement at the local McDonalds Restaurant.
Besides John’s impressive and extensive knowledge of the Catholic faith, both theological and philosophical (he has multiple advanced degrees), has a vast methodical understanding of the English and Kenoi Greek languages; a “troubling” knowledge for me at times as he edits my papers. (I have an especially bad problem with consistently using the word, “that”, and with separating my nouns from my verbs in sentences.) He pulls no punches grammatically, theologically, and in pushing my gaining in understanding the nuances and “truths” of faith, philosophy, tradition, and Holy Scripture. (I love him for “pushing” me forward on the “true” path, God’s path.)
John frequently laughs at my interpretations of the Sunday Gospel. Only last week, he commented on how I can delve far and deep into a theological thought, and then associate it to a whimsical cartoon character’s action, in one paragraph.
It is true; I have learned to peel back the many layers of Catholicism, faith, and tradition. My family often says that I get too “extreme’ in explaining a facet of our faith. When a group from the local Church of Latter-day Saints (the Mormon’s) came to the door, my wife said to them prior to leaving the room:
“I feel sorry for you guys!”
I’m not sure what she meant by her statement. However, they did leave with Rosaries in their hands and shaking their heads somewhat. (They have never been back, though I have seen them in the neighborhood.) (Thank you Holy Spirit for you interactions through me on this day!!)
The Holy Spirit has brought John Hough into my life. Through John (and the Holy Spirit) I have gained a grace of a profound, mysterious, and insightful view of God’s love, trust, and faith in me; and a grace to spread the mustard seeds of faith, love, trust, and hope to others. Thank you John, my “true” Brother in Christ!
Today in Catholic History:
† 324 – Constantine the Great decisively defeats Licinius in the Battle of Chrysopolis, establishing Constantine’s sole control over the Roman Empire.
† 1502 – Christopher Columbus (a Third Order Franciscan) lands at Costa Rica on his fourth, and final, voyage.
† 1663 – Death of St Joseph of Cupertino, Italian saint (b. 1603)
(From the “On This Day” Blog Site
“Today in Catholic History”
Joke of the Day:
Today’s reflection is about Jesus teaching of God’s generous mercy in the parable of the workers in the vineyard.
(NAB Matthew 20:1-16) 1“The kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out at dawn to hire laborers for his vineyard. 2After agreeing with them for the usual daily wage, he sent them into his vineyard. 3Going out about nine o’clock, he saw others standing idle in the marketplace, 4and he said to them, ‘You too go into my vineyard, and I will give you what is just.’ 5So they went off. [And] he went out again around noon, and around three o’clock, and did likewise. 6Going out about five o’clock, he found others standing around, and said to them, ‘Why do you stand here idle all day?’ 7They answered, ‘Because no one has hired us.’ He said to them, ‘You too go into my vineyard.’ 8When it was evening the owner of the vineyard said to his foreman, ‘Summon the laborers and give them their pay, beginning with the last and ending with the first.’ 9When those who had started about five o’clock came, each received the usual daily wage. 10So when the first came, they thought that they would receive more, but each of them also got the usual wage. 11And on receiving it they grumbled against the landowner, 12saying, ‘These last ones worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us, who bore the day’s burden and the heat.’ 13He said to one of them in reply, ‘My friend, I am not cheating you. Did you not agree with me for the usual daily wage? 14Take what is yours and go. What if I wish to give this last one the same as you? 15[Or] am I not free to do as I wish with my own money? Are you envious because I am generous?’ 16Thus, the last will be first, and the first will be last.”
With the unemployment rate the way it is in this country, – – and continuing to plummet daily, – – today’s Gospel reading probably hits home with most if not all of us, in a unique and extraordinarily personal way. So many family homes have been affected by the devastation of jobs being eliminated and/or moved to third-world countries where labor wages and other business costs are much less than in the United States.
In today’s Gospel, Jesus moves from Galilee to teach in Judea. Here, He will be sought out by large crowds, and “tested” by the Pharisees on issues such as marriage and divorce. Jesus also will encounter a rich young man who is interested in obtaining eternal life and wondering what he is “lacking” since he believes he has been following the commandments all along. Jesus’ response to the rich young man is to invite, challenge him to be “perfect” y leaving ALL his possessions and follow Jesus Christ full-time. The rich young man felt unable to accept Jesus’ invitation.
Is the rich young man going to be one of the first, or one of the last, into God’s kingdom? Think about this when you get to the conclusion of today’s Gospel reading:
“The last will be first, and the first will be last”. (Matthew 20:16)
Today’s parable is about a landowner who hired laborers for his vineyard several times throughout the day, and then paying ALL the laborers the same wage regardless of how long they worked in the vineyard. On the surface, the parable of the workers in the vineyard appears to be a reproach to common sense. Reason states: those who work a longer day “ought” to be paid more than those who work just an hour or two. When viewed in this way, the landowner certainly seems extremely unfair. This intelligent and emotional response is, in reality, because we comprehend today’s parable in our own preconceived notions of how fairness and equality should be quantified. However, ….
Why does the landowner seek out, and then hire laborers throughout the entire day? I usually like the simplest and most direct answers. So, I think my answer that he, the landowner, simply doesn’t want to exclude anyone willing to work. The Land owner hired individuals, even in the late afternoon, so they wouldn’t go home payless and hungry.
This landowner definitely had and displayed a compassion for the others around him as demonstrated by his actions. In a sense, he was walking in Jesus’ footsteps – – he was “Walking the Talk”. Too bad the laborers which were hired “first” (at dawn) did not grasp the landowner’s outlook on society, on life in general, on godly business principles and on mercy and kindness to others.
“The last will be first, and the first will be last.” (Matthew 20:16).
This verse from today’s reading is similar to another verse a little earlier in Matthew:
“Many who are first will be last, and the last will be first” (Matthew 19:30).
The just mentioned verse (Matthew 19:30), and the following (verse 8 from today’s reading) are the inverses of Matthew 20:16:
“When it was evening the owner of the vineyard said to his foreman, ‘Summon the laborers and give them their pay, beginning with the last and ending with the first.’” (Matthew 20:8).
In view of Matthew’s association of the “first-last” references with today’s parable along with the verse from Matthew’s previous chapter, in its reverse order, I’m thinking the order may mean that all who responded then (and still respond today) to Jesus’ call – – at whatever time (first or last), – – will receive the benefits and graces of His kingdom: a true gift from, and of, God. Through Jesus’ parable, Matthew is suggesting that there is an unparalleled equality of ALL His disciples (workers), in their payments of eternal life as a “free”, already “paid-for” (by Jesus’ sacrifice), gift!
“When it was evening the owner of the vineyard said to his foreman, ‘Summon the laborers and give them their pay, beginning with the last and ending with the first.’” (Matthew 20:8).
This particular facet of the story has no other purpose than to show “how” the first laborers come to know what the last laborers were paid (verse 12).
“…I will give you what is just.”? (Matthew 20:4)
The landowner acted justly. I realize that he did not actually say “what” they would be paid as a wage when hiring the laborers. Although this wage was not stipulated, it is inferred to the reader that it would be a “fair” wage “for the amount of time worked”. As most people, I would reasonably assume that the laborers who started at nine in the morning (not at dawn), and those hired later, would be paid differently respective: more for those early starters than for the late comers. However, in God the Father’s kingdom there are no differences, no prejudices, no separations, and no seniority lists. All in heaven are equally joyful, pure, and perfected before the throne of God, each in their proper order.
This parable, however, goes far beyond his being “just”. We come to see that the landowner is not simply just, he is exceptionally just; he is even radically just. But, he has given those who labored in the field for a full day their rightly due wages. But he has also given a full-day’s wage to those who worked only one hour or so. No one is cheated, but a few receive copiously from the landowner – – just as we receive from God – – more than what is merely justifiable or due. God, like the landowner, is radically just and copiously generous. The workers who complained are made to look foolish as they “grumble” over the fact that the landowner made all his laborers equal. Indeed, what more could one ask for than to be treated as an equal at work or anywhere else?
To continue on, in verse 13, the landowner says two distinctive phrases in one sentence, “My friend”, and “I am not cheating you”. In calling the laborers his “friend”, he is expressing a true caring for the specific individual(s). He sought out a special, unique, and personal type of relationship with him (them). The land owner further stressed that he was not treating anyone unjustly. On the contrary, he only asked of each laborer to perform a certain function, then paid each of them what he had promised. This landowner’s relationship with another individual should not be of any concern to anyone else. After all, the landowner gave to the laborer(s) what he promised him (them).
God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit asks of each of us to perform certain function: to love, trust, and have faith in Him; to love, trust, and have faith in others with whom we come into contact. He wants to have an intimate, personal, and unique relationship with each of us. In doing so, He will give to each of us what He has promised: an eternal relationship of joy with Him in paradise.
My thoughts on this parable remind me about something my Spiritual Director had to say one day. We were discussing the graces and talents which each of us are given. He pointed out the two coffee cups on our table, one small and one much larger. He said that when each cup is totally full – they are totally full and can hold no more. That is how graces and talents are with us. We can be totally full of grace, and though one of our “cups” is larger than the other, it makes no difference – both are totally full of grace! Can the “cup” get larger? Definitely, but it makes no difference on what God can give; He gives us all we can hold!
At first sight, the laborers appear to have an appropriate grievance against the landowner. The earlier workers labored longer, so they “deserved” more than those who only worked “fewer” hours and not all day, even if it meant that their fellow co-workers had to endure smaller pay. In retrospect, and in consideration of today’s economic environment, we need to look at this parable from another viewpoint other than the laborers’. They ALL received something else that day besides the “fair” wage for the work they performed: they received a JOB, a gift of mercy and generosity! These laborers were bringing home “the bacon”; well, at least money, to their families.
We should look at this situation in today’s Gospel from the viewpoint of the last laborers to be hired that day. Standing on that street all day, without any income had to be a major stressor for them. Their concerns for their family’s welfare had to weigh heavily on their minds. What a cross to carry for them. For most of the day, they worried about how they were going to feed and clothe their family – – (not to mention their home, car insurances, their children’s college educations, and future wedding expenses – -). Then suddenly and unexpectedly, a stranger – – toward, and at the end of the work day – – offers each of them a job. How excited and relieved do you think these individuals were? Do you think they were appreciative workers?, trying to do their best? When we say something is “unfair,” please take a second look, flip that coin over, as it may very well not only be “fair”, but be a godly “Christian” approach to the situation!
God calls and asks EACH of us to do certain things, and if we do them, we will be compensated with what He has promised. Others may be asked to do certain things differently, and the truly lucky ones are going to be asked to do more than anyone else. Yep, those of us who arrived early, and are affected by the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, are given more graces (and talents) to share – – more work!!
Grace is like that elusive mustard seed found often in the bible parables: it starts as a small, nearly invisible seed in our heart and in our soul. With care and love, it grows to engulf (in a very good way) our words, actions, faith, soul, and our relationships with others. Those who find God’s promise of redemption and salvation, at the end of their life’s journey, through the “Sacrament of the Anointing” while on their deathbed will not have enough time to nurture a huge bush or tree of graces like one growing over many years in others. Yet, they will still have the same bounty as everyone else in God’s kingdom. There is NO difference in feeling or reward when it comes to the eternal joy and magnificence found in being face-to-face in the presence of God the Father, our Lord Jesus Christ, and His (and our) beautiful Mother, Mary. Heaven is the ultimate “Equal Opportunity” experience, the ultimate manifested equality within the Trinitarian family of God!
“To know the love of Christ that surpasses knowledge, so that you may be filled with all the fullness of God. Now to him who is able to accomplish far more than all we ask or imagine, by the power at work within us.” (Ephesians 3:19-20);
“One body and one Spirit, as you were also called to the one hope of your call; one Lord, one faith, one baptism; one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all.” (Ephesians 4:4-6).
The landowner’s conduct of hiring throughout the day involved no violation of law or justice toward any of the laborers. His only problem, “per-se”, is having a virtue of generosity toward the later hires. Virtue is a trait or quality deemed to be morally excellent. Virtues should be valued as a foundation for principles of good moral life and ethics in decision making. Virtues not only promote, but also reveal the character and moral well-being of individuals, and society as a whole. Virtues are AWESOME!! Virtues are likenesses of God Himself:
“I know, my God, that you put hearts to the test and that you take pleasure in integrity. With a whole heart I have willingly given all these things, and now with joy I have seen your people here present also giving to you generously.” (1 Chronicles 29:17)
The laborers resentment over the “fair” wage is the sin of “envy.” Envy is a vice contrary to virtue. Envy is a feeling of unhappiness or greed in regard to another’s advantages, successes, possessions, and so on. In other words, the laborers are breaking the 10th Commandment:
“Thou shall not covet thy neighbor’s property.” (Exodus 20:17 and Deuteronomy 5:21)
Envy is a deadly, capital, or cardinal sin (depending on which catechism you read). Envy is not a light matter; it is a “mortal” sin, deforming the soul, and can lead to eternal separation from God in the hell of the individual aloneness within himself – – unless acknowledged, confessed, corrected, and repented through the Sacrament of Reconciliation with and oneself.
The workers in this parable sound very much like bickering, backbiting children, comparing what they have been given individually, and then complaining to their parent: “It’s unfair!” Children have a tendency to equate love with gifts and other material things. This tendency can give way to a spirit of “entitlement”, which offsets the spirit of gratitude, thankfulness, and appreciation. Any effort we make to overcome the tendency toward entitlement, to keep love from being entwined and linked to things like gifts and possessions, will enable us to accept “fully” the love which God freely and generously gives to each of us – – PERSONALLY!!!
To conclude: until recently, I thought the landowner was totally unfair to the “early risers”, the ones willing to get to work early. Upon reflection, I have realized that this “unfairness” was certainly not the case at all. Regardless of the individual workers situations, the landowner treated each and every one in a fair, just, and loving way.
This parable reminds us that although God owes us nothing, he offers ALL GOOD abundantly, copiously, and spontaneously. We are occasionally tempted to think that our own actions deserve more of God’s abundant and overflowing grace, than the actions of others. However, God’s generosity cannot be quantified or partitioned into different amounts for different people – – He gives us His ALL, to each of us – – uniquely and personally. When we think of “how much” we deserve, we are relating to God on “OUR” terms rather than accepting God’s radically different ways – – His plan for us.
God is generously opening the doors of his kingdom to all who will enter freely, both those who have labored a life-time for Him and those who come to Him at the last hour. While the grace is the same, the motive for one’s labor makes all the difference. Some work only for “reward” and not out of love as a gift. They will only put as much effort in as they think they will get out. Others labor out of love and joy for the opportunity to work, to give, to accomplish. The Lord calls His disciples to serve God and neighbor with generosity and joy. Do you perform your work and duties with cheerfulness for the Lord’s sake? Do you give generously to others, especially to those in need?
Please consider these further questions. Why did the laborers in today’s reading grumble? Was the landowner’s assessment over wages accurate and just? Now, look for any tendency you may have to make comparisons. Ask yourself if these comparisons are helpful in your relationships. Sadly, we are sometimes like these laborers when we make comparisons in our daily lives.
Love cannot, and should not, to be measured – – it is NOT a quantitative virtue. Sit quietly, acknowledging God’s great love for you as an individual. Reflect on the time, talents, and treasures you have to offer; and how you can best share these graces from God the Father to others in your life.
Many of us have been given more than we need for life and comfort. In comparison to the extreme and devastating poverty in many parts of this world in which we live TODAY, most of us reading this reflection actually live in comparative royalty. How generous are we with what we have earned or been given. On a daily basis, we are offered many opportunities to share what we have with others. This sharing does not necessarily mean materialistic items; it also means spiritual wealth through prayers and kindness to the others we meet – – Time, Talents, and Treasures.
“You too go into my vineyard.” (Matthew 20:7)
All of us should respond to Jesus’ “call” in the unique way we are capable of doing so. Each of us has a distinct and personal “calling”, regardless of the time (first or last, early or late) in our lives. In answering this call from God, we will receive “the same” inheritance of benefits in, and of, God’s kingdom. Please do not forget that heaven is a grace in itself; an awesome, beautiful, and everlasting gift of God. (Oh, by the way, please read a great book: “Heaven is for Real: A Little Boy’s Astounding Story of His Trip to Heaven and Back”, by Todd Burpo.)
“Prayer for Vocations”
“Lord Jesus, as you once called the first disciples to make them fishers of men, let your sweet invitation continue to resound: Come, follow Me!
Give young men & woman the grace of responding quickly to your voice. Support our bishops, priests & consecrated people in their apostolic labor.
Grant perseverance to our seminarians & to all those who are carrying out the ideal of a life totally consecrated to your service. Awaken in our community a missionary eagerness. Lord, SEND WORKERS TO YOUR HARVEST and do not allow humanity to be lost for the lack of pastors, missionaries and people dedicated to the cause of the Gospel.
Mary, Mother of the Church; the model of every vocation, help us to say ‘Yes’ to the Lord Who calls us to cooperate in the divine plan of salvation. Amen.”
Pax et Bonum
Dan Halley, SFO
New Translation of the Mass
In November of 2011, with the start of the new Liturgical year and Advent, there will be a few noticeable changes in the Mass. It will still be the same ritual for celebrating the Eucharist. The Mass will still have the same parts, the same patterns, and the same flow as it has had for the past several decades. It is only the translation of the Latin that is changing.
The new translation seeks to correspond much more closely to the exact words and sentence structure of the Latin text. At times, this results in a good and faithful rendering of the original meaning. At other times it produces a rather awkward text in English which is difficult to proclaim and difficult to understand. Most of those problems affect the texts which priests will proclaim rather than the texts that belong to the congregation as a whole. It is to the congregation’s texts that I will address with each blog, in a repetitive basis until the start of Advent.
In the words of Vatican II’s Lumen Gentium, #11, the Eucharist is the “source and summit” of Christian life. Anything we can do to understand our liturgy more deeply will draw us closer to God.
The third form of the penitential rite, with the various invocations of Christ (e.g., “You came to call sinners”) will be much the same (not much of a change), though an option is added to conclude each invocation in Greek:
“Kyrie eleison, Christe eleison, Kyrie eleison,”
instead of in English: “Lord, have mercy; Christ, have mercy; Lord, have mercy”, as it is presently. The first two forms (found in the past two previous blogs) may conclude with this threefold litany too, either in English or in Greek.
Material from “Changing How We Pray”, by Rev. Lawrence E. Mick
A Franciscan’s Saint of the Day: St. Joseph of Cupertino (1603-1663)
Joseph is most famous for levitating at prayer.
Already as a child, Joseph showed a fondness for prayer. After a short career with the Capuchins, he joined the Conventuals. Following a brief assignment caring for the friary mule, Joseph began his studies for the priesthood. Though studies were very difficult for him, Joseph gained a great deal of knowledge from prayer. He was ordained in 1628.
Joseph’s tendency to levitate during prayer was sometimes a cross; some people came to see this much as they might have gone to a circus sideshow. Joseph’s gift led him to be humble, patient and obedient, even though at times he was greatly tempted and felt forsaken by God. He fasted and wore iron chains for much of his life.
The friars transferred Joseph several times for his own good and for the good of the rest of the community. He was reported to and investigated by the Inquisition; the examiners exonerated him.
Joseph was canonized in 1767. In the investigation preceding the canonization, 70 incidents of levitation are recorded.
While levitation is an extraordinary sign of holiness, Joseph is also remembered for the ordinary signs he showed. He prayed even in times of inner darkness, and he lived out the Sermon on the Mount. He used his “unique possession” (his free will) to praise God and to serve God’s creation.
“Clearly, what God wants above all is our will which we received as a free gift from God in creation and possess as though our own. When a man trains himself to acts of virtue, it is with the help of grace from God from whom all good things come that he does this. The will is what man has as his unique possession” (St. Joseph of Cupertino, from the reading for his feast in the Franciscan breviary).
Patron Saint of: Air travelers, Astronauts, Pilots
Saint of the Day: Lives, Lessons and Feast
By Leonard Foley, O.F.M.;
revised by Pat McCloskey, O.F.M.
(From http://www.americancatholic.org website)
Franciscan Formation Reflection:
How does Francis identify himself?
What attitude toward the Sacrament of the Eucharist does Francis express in his writings?
How and why does Francis express that the focus of our lives is “to praise God”?
Francis writes: “…hate our bodies with their vices and sins”. What specifically are we to “hate”? How does this compare to the spirit of “Canticle of the Sun”? How does this compare to Romans 8:5-8?
Secular Franciscan Order (SFO) Rule
Subsection #’s 18 & 19 of 26:
18. Moreover they should respect all creatures, animate and inanimate, which “bear the imprint of the Most High,” and they should strive to move from the temptation of exploiting creation to the Franciscan concept of universal kinship.
19. Mindful that they are bearers of peace which must be built up unceasingly, they should seek out ways of unity and fraternal harmony through dialogue, trusting in the presence of the divine seed in everyone and in the transforming power of love and pardon. Messengers of perfect joy in every circumstance, they should strive to bring joy and hope to others. Since they are immersed in the resurrection of Christ, which gives true meaning to Sister Death, let them serenely tend toward the ultimate encounter with the Father.