Thirty-Third Sunday in Ordinary Time
- Dan’s Deliberations, Discoveries, & Declarations
- Today in Catholic History
- Quote of the Day
- Today’s Gospel Reading
- Gospel Reflection
- Reflection Prayer
- New Translation of the Mass
- A Franciscan’s Saint of the Day
- Franciscan Formation Reflection
- Reflection on part of the SFO Rule
There are only a few more “New Translation of the Mass” portions left for my blog. I have been posting, and reposting, these new translations of Holy Scripture to be used at Mass for about a year.
With the new Liturgical year, I will be deleting this section, and adding a new section titled, “Catholic Apologetics”. It will be a simple listing of Scripture verses and Catechism references to explain such things as Papal Authority, Purgatory (yes, it is still a Catholic belief), and so on. Let me know what you think.
† 354 – Birth of Saint Augustine of Hippo, North African theologian (d. 430)
† 866 – Pope Nicholas I answers the envoys of Boris (Ad consulta vestra) about the individual Churches or Rites of the Catholic Church
† 867 – Death of Nicholas I, (the Great), pope (858-67), at age 67
† 1004 – Death of Abbo van Fleury, [Floriacensis], French abbott/saint
† 1565 – Pope Pius IV publishes degree Professi fidei
† 1938 – America’s 1st saint, Mother Frances Cabrini, is beatified
† 1964 – Pope Paul VI gives tiara “to poor”
† Feasts/Memorials: Bricius of Tours; Mother Cabrini; Saint Homobonus; Stanislaus Kostka, All the Saints of the Premonstratensian Order; St. John Chrysostom, archbishop of Constantinople
(From the “On This Day” Blog Site
“Today in Catholic History”
“When I stand before God at the end of my life, I would hope that I would not have a single bit of talent left, and could say, ‘I used everything you gave me.’” ~ Erma Bombeck
Today’s reflection is about Jesus telling the parable “of the talents”, in which He teaches about the importance of using the gifts that God the Father has given to each of us for use in service to the Kingdom of Heaven.
(NAB Matthew 25:14-30) 14“It will be as when a man who was going on a journey called in his servants and entrusted his possessions to them. 15To one he gave five talents; to another, two; to a third, one—to each according to his ability. Then he went away. Immediately 16the one who received five talents went and traded with them, and made another five. 17Likewise, the one who received two made another two. 18But the man who received one went off and dug a hole in the ground and buried his master’s money. 19After a long time the master of those servants came back and settled accounts with them. 20The one who had received five talents came forward bringing the additional five. He said, ‘Master, you gave me five talents. See, I have made five more.’ 21His master said to him, ‘Well done, my good and faithful servant. Since you were faithful in small matters, I will give you great responsibilities. Come, share your master’s joy.’ 22[Then] the one who had received two talents also came forward and said, ‘Master, you gave me two talents. See, I have made two more.’ 23His master said to him, ‘Well done, my good and faithful servant. Since you were faithful in small matters, I will give you great responsibilities. Come, share your master’s joy.’ 24Then the one who had received the one talent came forward and said, ‘Master, I knew you were a demanding person, harvesting where you did not plant and gathering where you did not scatter; 25so out of fear I went off and buried your talent in the ground. Here it is back.’ 26His master said to him in reply, ‘You wicked, lazy servant! So you knew that I harvest where I did not plant and gather where I did not scatter? 27Should you not then have put my money in the bank so that I could have got it back with interest on my return? 28Now then! Take the talent from him and give it to the one with ten. 29For to everyone who has, more will be given and he will grow rich; but from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away. 30And throw this useless servant into the darkness outside, where there will be wailing and grinding of teeth.’
This week’s Gospel is the example of how Jesus’ disciples are to conduct themselves as they wait for God’s Kingdom of Heaven. Remember, last week’s reading taught that there is no way to predict the coming of God’s Kingdom of Heaven. Jesus’ disciples must, therefore, remain ever vigilant, and ever ready, to receive the Son of Man at any time.
Today’s parable talks about Catholic Christian discipleship using economic metaphors: something we can understand, see, and feel in order to show a moral point. Before he leaves on a journey, the “master” entrusts to his servants a different number of “talents”, giving to each “according to their abilities”. Upon the master’s return, he finds that the first and second servants have doubled their money; both are rewarded. The third servant, however, has only preserved what was given to him because he was afraid to lose the money, so he risked nothing. This servant is punished by the master, and his talent is given to the one who brought the greatest return.
Recalling, and keeping last week’s parable in mind (the “Ten Virgins” about being ever ready for the Parousia), today’s parable goes on to teach that God’s judgment will be based on the service we render to God and to one another in accordance with the gifts and graces God has given to us. Our gifts, or “talents”, are given to us for the service of others, NOT for our own personal use!! If we fail to use these gifts, God’s judgment – – on us – – will be severe. On the other hand, if we make use of these gifts in service to God’s Kingdom of Heaven, we will be rewarded and entrusted with even more responsibilities.
Today’s parable makes it clear, from the very first verse (Verse 14), a parabolic comparison exists between “a man who was going on a journey” and “the kingdom of heaven”. Being faithful users of one’s unique and divinely given “gifts” leads to a fuller participation in God’s kingdom. At the same time, laziness and inactivity to God’s graces and gifts could also exclude one from paradise.
Today’s reading reminds us that Catholic Christian spirituality is neither passive nor inactive in attitude and works. Let us remember that prayer helps us to discern His gifts, the “talents we have”, given to us freely by God the Father, and to be used for others. Prayer and discernment should lead us to use our gifts (Time, Talents, and Treasures) in the service of God and our neighbor. God’s uniquely personal gifts of grace, our “talents”, allow us to share in the work of serving His Kingdom of Heaven.
So, what is a talent anyhow? There are two distinct and correct answers to this question. From a literal and historical viewpoint, a talent was a unit of coinage of high but varying value depending on its metal (gold, silver, copper) and its place of origin. It is mentioned in the New Testament only here and in Matthew 18:24 (The Parable of the Unforgiving Servant).
The other is from the anagogical viewpoint. This viewpoint involves an allegorical interpretation of a passage in the Bible as a foreshadowing of people or events in the New Testament. So, the term “talent” is taken in the literal sense, meaning: “an unusual natural or divinely inspired ability to do something well”. We all have talents. Some have many little ones, like wiggling their ears and dancing. Some have big ones, like remembering everything they see, hear, read, or touch. Most of us have a wide range of “talents”, from the least useful to the greatest needed in society.
I know I personally have an uncanny ability to talk to anyone, anywhere, with relative ease. I am a “people person”. My wife says I have a great “gift of throwing the bull!!” I simply consider myself “well-learned”. In reality, I have been given a strong sense of curiosity, which has landed me in trouble occasionally throughout my many years.
Now, let’s get back on track and go back and read verse 15 of today’s reading again:
Was Jesus talking about pieces of money, special abilities to be imparted to others, or both? I believe He is more interested in the later than the former. Jesus Christ was not a materialistic person, and money has no use in His kingdom.
“Dug a hole in the ground and buried his master’s money.” (Matthew 25:18)
This may seem strange to us, but in the unsettled and often violently ruthless conditions of Palestine during Jesus’ earthly time, it was not unusual to guard valuables by burying them in the ground. They did not have banks with safety deposit boxes back then, and the modern mattress had yet to be invented as well.
Although the first two servants received large sums, doubling the amount given to them initially, their faithful trading was regarded by the “master” as faithfulness, reliability, and devotion in small matters. So, he rewards them with “great”, yet unspecified, responsibilities. I believe Jesus’ statement in this parable:
“Share your master’s joy” (Matthew 25:23)
is reference to the joy of God the Father’s banquet of the heavenly kingdom, as reported earlier in Matthew’s Gospel:
“I say to you, many will come from the east and the west, and will recline with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob at the banquet in the kingdom of heaven, but the children of the kingdom will be driven out into the outer darkness, where there will be wailing and grinding of teeth.” (Matthew 8:11-12)
“The person who is trustworthy in very small matters is also trustworthy in great ones; and the person who is dishonest in very small matters is also dishonest in great ones.” (Luke 16:10).
Interestingly, Luke seems to go a little bit further in his proclamation. He adds a second part, recommending a constant fidelity to those with positions of responsibility.
Have you ever been “called on the carpet” for doing something poorly, or creating a bad outcome for your employer? I have a few times, but chose to use these “experiences” as a learning tool. I firmly believe we learn more from our mistakes, than from our successes.
The last servant in today’s parable is “called on the carpet” in a big way; he truly messed-up. He is called a “wicked, lazy servant”. His sin is He did not even TRY!! This foolish man’s “inactivity” is not insignificant, financially, but he is still seriously blameworthy for his lack of action. He failed to use the “talent” he was given to him – – TO USE – – from his “master”. The result: he loses the gift he had received; it going to the first servant, whose possessions are already great.
What are the results of using YOUR “talents” in the service of God? Jesus says in verse 29:
Matthew has a nearly identical application of this proverb earlier in His book:
“To anyone who has, more will be given and he will grow rich; from anyone who has not, even what he has will be taken away.” (Matthew 13:12)
The reference to “more” being given to those who use their talents transcends a basic understanding or wisdom we have of God’s kingdom. Matthew is indicating that God the Father gives a further and greater understanding to those who accepts the revealed mystery; and from the one who does not, he will take it away.
This saying or proverb about giving more and taking away is found in all three of the Synoptic Gospels:
To the one who has, more will be given; from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away.” (Mark 4:25);
“Take care, then, how you hear. To anyone who has, more will be given, and from the one who has not, even what he seems to have will be taken away.” (Luke 8:18)
Our “talents” truly respond to the “Word of God”! Those who “hear” the word must “become a light to others” (Luke 8:16). Our generous and persevering response to the “Word of God”, through our “talents”, leads us to an even further, more perfect response to His “Word”; a beautiful and continual circle of enlightenment.
The last verse of today’s reading (verse 30) is very similar to a verse much earlier in Matthew’s book:
I say to you, many will come from the east and the west, and will recline with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob at the banquet in the kingdom of heaven, but the children of the kingdom will be driven out into the outer darkness, where there will be wailing and grinding of teeth.” (Matthew 8:11-12)
This “wailing and grinding of teeth” is a phrase used frequently in Matthew’s Gospel to describe the “Final Condemnation” (cf., Matthew 13:42, 50; 22:13; 24:51; 25:30). “Wailing and grinding of teeth” is something I believe no one is truly looking forward too; being placed outside the kingdom and not even able to look in.
To conclude, in today’s Gospel, Jesus talks about the correlation between faithfulness and responsibilities. Our lives provide many opportunities to illustrate this connection. As we prove ourselves “trustworthy”, we are trusted to take on greater responsibilities. Jesus teaches us, in this parable, that when we show ourselves to be trustworthy in small matters; we can be trusted to participate in greater matters of responsibility.
Why is Jesus telling this parable? I believe it tells us something about how God the Father deals with us, His servants. The parable speaks first of the “master’s” trust in his servants. While he goes away he leaves them with his money to use as they think best. While there were no strings attached, this was obviously seen to be a test in order to see if his servants would be productive and reliable in their use of the “talents” entrusted to them. God the Father, OUR “Master” will reward the hard-working, productive, active, and faithful. And, he will punish those who sit idly by, and who do nothing with His “talents”, which he has entrusted to us – – TO USE – – in accordance with our abilities. The essence of this parable seems to lie in the servants’ conception of “responsibility”. Each servant was faithfully entrusted with the master’s talents, and was faithful to his master’s will, to a certain end-point.
Sadly, the servant who buried the master’s talent was deemed “irresponsible”. One can bury seeds in the ground and expect them to become productive; they obey natural laws. Coins and Talents (big “T” and little “t”), however, do not obey natural laws. These gifts (graces) obey economic and supernatural laws, becoming productive only when in circulation. Would it not be presumed then, that the “master” in today’s Gospel reading expected his servants to be productive in the use of his money?
God the Father entrusts His disciples with gifts and graces. He gives His disciples the freedom to use them as they think best (free will). With each gift, each talent, God the Father gives sufficient means (grace and wisdom) for using them in the most fitting and appropriate way:
“Faith might rest not on human wisdom but on the power of God … this God has revealed to us through the Spirit.” (1 Corinthians 2:5,10)
I believe we “turn away” from God by our indifference and attitude; saying to Him, “it’s not worth trying”.
God honors those who use their talents and gifts for doing “good deeds” for others. Those who are faithful – – with even a little – – are entrusted with more! But those who neglect or squander what God has entrusted to them will lose what they have been given. There is an important lesson for us to learn here for us. We either get more OR we lose what we have; God’s kingdom is dynamic and not static in any way. We either advance towards God or we slip back, out of the picture. As Peter learned in the boat one stormy night, to walk towards God one must go “overboard”!! Do you sincerely, seriously, and industriously seek to serve God with the gifts and graces (time, talents, and treasures) He has given to you?
Take some time to recall how you have matured, and how you can NOW be trusted with greater responsibilities (hopefully). Our “trustworthiness” in small matters shows that we can also be trusted to share in the work of serving the Kingdom of Heaven. We share in the work of serving the Kingdom of Heaven when we use our talents to help and serve others. So, as a gift to God, choose something to do this week to serve others; and repeat doing this gift-giving action every week.
“Prayer to the Holy Spirit”
“Come, Holy Spirit, fill the hearts of your faithful. And kindle in them the fire of your love. Send forth your Spirit and they shall be created. And you will renew the face of the earth.
Lord, by the light of the Holy Spirit you have taught the hearts of your faithful. In the same Spirit help us to relish what is right and always rejoice in your consolation. We ask this through Christ our Lord. Amen.”
In November of 2011, with the start of the new Liturgical year and Advent, there will be a few noticeable changes in the Mass. It will still be the same ritual for celebrating the Eucharist. The Mass will still have the same parts, the same patterns, and the same flow as it has had for the past several decades. It is only the translation of the Latin that is changing.
The new translation seeks to correspond much more closely to the exact words and sentence structure of the Latin text. At times, this results in a good and faithful rendering of the original meaning. At other times it produces a rather awkward text in English which is difficult to proclaim and difficult to understand. Most of those problems affect the texts which priests will proclaim rather than the texts that belong to the congregation as a whole. It is to the congregation’s texts that I will address with each blog, in a repetitive basis until the start of Advent.
In the words of Vatican II’s Lumen Gentium, #11, the Eucharist is the “source and summit” of Christian life. Anything we can do to understand our liturgy more deeply will draw us closer to God.
The “Confiteor” (I Confess prayer) has been revised, again to match the Latin texts more closely. More stress is once again placed on our unworthiness more so than in the current missal. It will now say, “I have greatly sinned” and later adds “through my fault, through my fault, through my most grievous fault.”
“I confess to almighty God
and to you, my brothers and sisters,
that I have greatly sinned
in my thoughts and in my words,
in what I have done and in what I have failed to do,
through my fault, through my fault,
through my most grievous fault;
therefore I ask blessed Mary ever-Virgin,
all the Angels and Saints,
and you, my brothers and sisters,
to pray for me to the Lord our God.”
Material from “Changing How We Pray”, by Rev. Lawrence E. Mick
Frances Xavier Cabrini was the first United States citizen to be canonized; she became a U.S. citizen in 1909. Her deep trust in the loving care of her God gave her the strength to be a valiant woman doing the work of Christ.
Refused admission to the religious order which had educated her to be a teacher, she began charitable work at the House of Providence Orphanage in Cadogno, Italy. In September 1877 she made her vows there and took the religious habit.
When the bishop closed the orphanage in 1880, he named Frances prioress of the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart. Seven young women from the orphanage joined her.
Since her early childhood in Italy, Frances had wanted to be a missionary in China but, at the urging of Pope Leo XIII, Frances went west instead of east. She traveled with six sisters to New York City to work with the thousands of Italian immigrants living there.
She found disappointment and difficulties with every step. When she arrived in New York City, the house intended to be her first orphanage in the United States was not available. The archbishop advised her to return to Italy. But Frances, truly a valiant woman, departed from the archbishop’s residence all the more determined to establish that orphanage. And she did.
In 35 years Frances Xavier Cabrini founded 67 institutions dedicated to caring for the poor, the abandoned, the uneducated and the sick. Seeing great need among Italian immigrants who were losing their faith, she organized schools and adult education classes.
As a child, she was always frightened of water, unable to overcome her fear of drowning. Yet, despite this fear, she traveled across the Atlantic Ocean more than 30 times. She died of malaria in her own Columbus Hospital in Chicago.
The compassion and dedication of Mother Cabrini is still seen in hundreds of thousands of her fellow citizens, not yet canonized, who care for the sick in hospitals, nursing homes and state institutions. We complain of increased medical costs in an affluent society, but the daily news shows us millions who have little or no medical care, and who are calling for new Mother Cabrini’s to become citizen-servants of their land.
At her canonization on July 7, 1946, Pius XII said, “Although her constitution was very frail, her spirit was endowed with such singular strength that, knowing the will of God in her regard, she permitted nothing to impede her from accomplishing what seemed beyond the strength of a woman.”
Patron Saint of: Hospital administrators; Immigrants; Impossible causes
Saint of the Day: Lives, Lessons and Feast
By Leonard Foley, O.F.M.;
revised by Pat McCloskey, O.F.M.
(From http://www.americancatholic.org website)
“Saint Francis and Penance”
Is Reconciliation an act of faith on my part?
How can I better determine my characteristic fault?
How does spiritual blindness hurt us?
Do we need to offer satisfaction for our own sins and those of others?
13. As the Father sees in every person the features of his Son, the firstborn of many brothers and sisters, so the Secular Franciscans with a gentle and courteous spirit accept all people as a gift of the Lord and an image of Christ.
A sense of community will make them joyful and ready to place themselves on an equal basis with all people, especially with the lowly for whom they shall strive to create conditions of life worthy of people redeemed by Christ.
14. Secular Franciscans, together with all people of good will, are called to build a more fraternal and evangelical world so that the kingdom of God may be brought about more effectively. Mindful that anyone “who follows Christ, the perfect man, becomes more of a man himself,” let them exercise their responsibilities competently in the Christian spirit of service.