Thirty-Second Sunday in Ordinary Time
- Dan’s Deliberations, Discoveries, & Declarations
- Today in Catholic History
- Joke of the Day
- Today’s Gospel Reading
- Gospel Reflection
- Reflection Psalm
- New Translation of the Mass
- A Franciscan’s Saint of the Day
- Franciscan Formation Reflection
- Reflection on part of the SFO Rule
Holy Father’s Prayer Intentions
for November, 2011
That the Eastern Catholic Churches and their venerable traditions may be known and esteemed as a spiritual treasure for the whole Church.
For Justice and Reconciliation in Africa:
That the African continent may find strength in Christ to pursue justice and reconciliation as set forth by the second Synod of African Bishops.
Tuesday, November 8th, is Election Day for most of the United States of America. Please vote.
† 1406 – Death of Innocent VII, [Cosma de’ Migliorati], Italian Pope (1404-06)
† 1789 – Pope Pius VI appoints Father John Carroll as the first Catholic bishop in the United States.
† 1875 – Death of John Baptist van Son, Dutch Catholic politician, at age 71
† Feasts/Memorials: St. Leonard of Noblac; St. Winnoc
(From the “On This Day” Blog Site
“Today in Catholic History”
Today’s reflection is about Jesus telling the parable of the wise and the ten foolish virgins, teaching His disciples the importance of being prepared to receive the Kingdom of Heaven.
(NAB Matthew 25:1-13) 1“Thenthe kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom. 2Five of them were foolish and five were wise. 3The foolish ones, when taking their lamps, brought no oil with them, 4but the wise brought flasks of oil with their lamps. 5Since the bridegroom was long delayed, they all became drowsy and fell asleep. 6At midnight, there was a cry, ‘Behold, the bridegroom! Come out to meet him!’ 7Then all those virgins got up and trimmed their lamps. 8The foolish ones said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ 9But the wise ones replied, ‘No, for there may not be enough for us and you. Go instead to the merchants and buy some for yourselves.’ 10While they went off to buy it, the bridegroom came and those who were ready went into the wedding feast with him. Then the door was locked. 11Afterwards the other virgins came and said, ‘Lord, Lord, open the door for us!’ 12But he said in reply, ‘Amen, I say to you, I do not know you.’ 13Therefore, stay awake,* for you know neither the day nor the hour.
In this week’s Gospel, Jesus talks about what it means to be “prepared” to receive the Kingdom of Heaven. This reading follows a series of warnings and predictions by Jesus about the coming of the Son of Man, the “Parousia”. Jesus wants His disciples to understand that the exact day and time cannot be predicted, for only God the Father knows the time. He teaches the disciples that they must remain always vigilant so that they will not be caught unprepared.
When reflecting on the parable of the “wise and foolish virgins” from today’s reading, it is important to consider the first-century wedding traditions of Palestine. Bible Scholars believe it was the custom of the day for young maidens—friends and family members of the bride—to meet the bridegroom when he came to bring his bride to her new home.
The Parable of the “Ten Virgins” can only be found in Matthew’s Gospel. As with many of Jesus’ other parables, several levels of interpretation are easily possible (just like separating the layers of an onion). In last week’s Sunday Gospel, Jesus warned against following the example (and not the words) of the Temple leaders, chiefly the Pharisees and Scribes. Today’s Gospel, – – when read in the context of Matthew’s early Church’s Christian on-going struggle to define itself against the misinterpreted Pharisaic Judaism, – – is a continuing critique and condemnation of that time. This reading suggests that the Jewish leaders were like the foolish virgins, unprepared to meet Jesus who is the bridegroom of Israel.
Jesus’ story of ten young women seems strange to most modern westerners today. But Matthew’s audience knew how easy this event could happen in their society. Wedding customs in ancient Palestine required extra vigilance and preparation for everyone involved. (Some places in the world still follow this custom, in today’s reading.) The bride and groom did not go away for their honeymoon, but celebrated for a whole week with their family and friends, twenty-four hours at that (Now that’s partying in the extreme!!).
It was the custom for the groom to come at his discretion to get his bride and bring her to the wedding party. If he came at night, lamps were obviously required, out of necessity (there were no public street lights in the first century).
Just prior to this week’s reading is the parables of the “Unknown Day and Hour” (Matthew 24: 36-44) and the “Faithful or the Unfaithful Servant” (Matthew 24: 45-51). Along with these two parables, today’s parable is also about the time of the “Parousia”. Knowing this explains the very first word, “Then”, meaning “at the time of the parousia”, followed immediately by, “the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins ….” What a very thought-provoking sentence; it is not simple in structure nor meaning.
The comparison of virgins and the kingdom in Matthew 25:1 does not mean that the kingdom of heaven may be likened simply to the ten virgins in question but to the situation related in the entire story. (In reading any part of Holy Scripture, we must take the whole of it and not just take a little part out of context.) Today’s parable is a warning to Jesus’ disciples not to attempt to anticipate the Final Judgment of God, nor the limits of His kingdom. His kingdom on earth is presently composed of the “good” and “bad”. The sole judgment of God will eliminate the sinful, at His time – – not ours!! Until then there must be patient and repentant as John the Baptist repeated preached throughout his ministry.
I love the image of these ten virginal women who were split down the middle: five “wise” and five “foolish”. I wonder, did they have blond jokes back then? Matthew used this “foolish…wise” contrast once before:
“Everyone who listens to these words of mine and acts on them will be like a wise man who built his house on rock. … And everyone who listens to these words of mine but does not act on them will be like a fool who built his house on sand.” (Matthew 7:24, 26)
The two groups of each parable are distinguished by good deeds and lack of good deeds. The deed in today’s reading is signified by the “oil” of this parable.
No one knows when Jesus will return for the “final judgment”, the Parousia. We cannot anticipate or linger behind in our preparations for this time. It is interesting that the phrase “trimmed their lamps” is used (verse 7). Trimming a lamp means “preparing for use”. It entails filling with oil, literally cutting off the bad part of the wick, and removing any excess so as to make the lamp burn more effectively and efficiently.
For us, to prepare for the Parousia we need to “trim our lamps”. Preparation includes our proper actions with ourselves and each other, AND with God. Do you see Jesus Christ in yourself and others? Do you participate in the Sacraments regularly, especially the Eucharist and Reconciliation? The Holy Eucharist fills us to the brim with the fuel of God, and the Sacrament of Reconciliation removes the evil and immoral excesses we collect in our sinful state.
The exclamation “Lord, Lord”, found in verse 11, is a re-edification of a similar verse from much earlier in Matthew’s Gospel:
“Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only the one who does the will of my Father in heaven.” (Matthew 7:21)
In both verses, entrance into the kingdom is only for those who do the will of God the Father. On the Day of Judgment the morally corrupt will be rejected by Jesus Christ. The reply to these women in today’s parable, “I do not know you”, is also very similar to the one in Matthew 7:
“I will declare to them solemnly, ‘I never knew you. Depart from me, you evildoers.’” (Matthew 7:23)
Thank God that Jesus doesn’t stop with the ominous statement of “I do not know you.” He goes on to offer hope for those who trust and prepare for His return. We need to “Stay awake”; to be always ready. The wise virgins were adequately equipped and PREPARRED. The wise virgins prepared as the master of the house would have prepared for the thief coming in the night:
“If the master of the house had known the hour of night when the thief was coming, he would have stayed awake and not let his house be broken into.” (Matthew 24:44)
Being unprepared can lead to a lot of unnecessary trouble, and can even lead to disastrous consequences! After all, what good is a life-jacket left on shore when the boat is sinking? Let us all take a lesson from the Boy Scout motto: “Be Prepared!”
To summarize, Jesus warns us that there are consequences for being unprepared. There are certain things you cannot obtain at the last moment. For example, a student cannot adequately prepare for his exam on the day of testing. A person cannot get the right kind of temperament or skill required for an impending task unless he already possesses the temperament and skills by the time of the task.
Our eternal happiness and wellbeing depends on our “hearing”, and sadly, many have trained themselves not to hear. Those not hearing will also not be prepared to meet Jesus Christ on His return, when He calls us on the Day of Judgment. We need to listen to Him TODAY and EVERY DAY!!
In conclusion, in the chapter preceding this parable (Chapter 24), Jesus warns about the destruction of Jerusalem, the tribulation of the end times, and the coming of the Son of Man – – the “Parousia”. Keeping this in mind, today’s parable is a warning to the Catholic Christian community to remain ever vigilant and always prepared to receive Jesus Christ, the Son of Man, who will return at the end of time for the Final Judgment. This interpretation is supported by the reference to the “delay of the bridegroom”. The Jewish-Catholic community, for whom Matthew wrote this Gospel, was coming to terms with the realization that the promise of Jesus’ return would possibly not be fulfilled within their mortal lifetimes. So, the question remains for us to ask to ourselves, “Are we ready to receive Jesus? AND, Will we be prepared to receive him?”
In our daily activities, it is easy to find excuses for not attending to our spiritual lives. If not given the “top priority”, prayer and reading of Holy Scripture risks becoming “occasional” activities rather than daily practices. In today’s Gospel, Jesus reminds us that if we fail to give our spiritual life priority, we will find ourselves unprepared to receive Jesus. Daily prayer, spiritual practice, and frequent reception of the Sacraments help to keep us ready to receive Jesus Christ.
What are some of the things our faith calls us to do every day, every week, every moment, to keep God FIRST in our lives? What might happen if these things are not done regularly? Jesus taught us that it is important to keep ourselves prepared and ready to receive Him when he comes again. Jesus says that it is so important to remain ready to receive the Kingdom of Heaven since you will not have time to prepare after He arrives for the Final Judgment. Pray that you will always keep God “FIRST” in your lives so that you will “be prepared” to receive Jesus when He comes.
Our souls are thirsting for God.
“O God, you are my God— it is you I seek! For you my body yearns; for you my soul thirsts, in a land parched, lifeless, and without water. I look to you in the sanctuary to see your power and glory. For your love is better than life; my lips shall ever praise you! I will bless you as long as I live; I will lift up my hands, calling on your name. My soul shall be sated as with choice food, with joyous lips my mouth shall praise you! I think of you upon my bed, I remember you through the watches of the night you indeed are my savior, and in the shadow of your wings I shout for joy. Amen” (Psalm 63:2-8)
In November of 2011, with the start of the new Liturgical year and Advent, there will be a few noticeable changes in the Mass. It will still be the same ritual for celebrating the Eucharist. The Mass will still have the same parts, the same patterns, and the same flow as it has had for the past several decades. It is only the translation of the Latin that is changing.
The new translation seeks to correspond much more closely to the exact words and sentence structure of the Latin text. At times, this results in a good and faithful rendering of the original meaning. At other times it produces a rather awkward text in English which is difficult to proclaim and difficult to understand. Most of those problems affect the texts which priests will proclaim rather than the texts that belong to the congregation as a whole. It is to the congregation’s texts that I will address with each blog, in a repetitive basis until the start of Advent.
In the words of Vatican II’s Lumen Gentium, #11, the Eucharist is the “source and summit” of Christian life. Anything we can do to understand our liturgy more deeply will draw us closer to God.
When the priest invites us to share in the Lord’s Supper, we now say, “Lord, I am not worthy that you should enter under my roof, but only say the word and I shall be healed.” With the new Missal, we will respond:
“Lord, I am not worthy that you should enter under my roof, but only say the word and my soul shall be healed.”
The use of “under my roof” is a reference to the Gospel passage where the centurion asks Jesus to heal his servant but says he is not worthy for Jesus to enter his house (Luke 7:6). The other change is “my soul” instead of “I”, which focuses more clearly on the spiritual dimension of the healing we seek.
Material from “Changing How We Pray”, by Rev. Lawrence E. Mick
Blessed Alfonso Lopez was born at Secorún, in the dioceses of Jaca, on 16th November 1875. He held various civil offices, but he felt to be called to religious life, so he entered the convent of Granollers in 1906. He was sent to Italy, where he was received in the Seraphic Province of Umbria. He spent his novitiate at Osimo, pronouncing his temporary vows in 1908 and his perpetual profession in 1911, the same year of his priestly ordination. He was confessor in the Basilica of Loreto, then he returned to Granollers, where he carried out the task of teacher of the postulants and novices until 1935. He distinguished himself by his virtues, mainly by his love for God, for his neighbour and his devotion for the Virgin Mary. He was an excellent formator of the applicants for consecrated life that he mainly directed with the example of his virtuous life.
At the outbreak of the civil war, Alphonzo Lopez was a Friar Minor Conventual priest (OFM, Conv.). He took refuge at some of his friends and was arrested on 3rd August 1936, along with Friar Miguel Remón Salvador and four other companions. They showed themselves brave in the face of the request of apostasy. In the end, they were taken to Samalús and shot in the evening of the same day, while Father Alfonso repeated, with spirit of faith and charity, “Forgive them, My Lord”.
From his degree on Martyrdom:
“The Servants of God Alfonso López López and his 5 brethren of the Conventual Franciscan Order belong to this huge multitude.
The Spanish civil war (1936-1939) didn’t spare their convent, in the town of Granollers, in Barcelona district, where they lived at that time.
In 1936, immediately after the military insurrection of the 19th July, the authors of political change rushed into the convent searching for weapons; they didn’t find any, but they threatened the friars and threw them out of their house, compelling them to take refuge at their neighbors and friends. They could hide themselves only for one week.
In such a hostile and irreligious environment, the seed of terror and death threats against the Church and Her children, as it was in Spain at that time, these followers of St. Francis of Assisi were imprisoned and condemned to death, just because they were Christ’s disciples.
They shed their blood with inner serenity and meekness, giving glory to God with the profession of faith and forgiving their enemies. ” (from the Decree on the martyrdom )
Blessed Alphonso Lopez was Beatified by Pope John Paul II on March 11, 2001.
“Saint Francis and Penance”
Do I live this “penance” from a sense of duty, or of a love relationship? How?
In what ways do change and conversion require detachment and humility (a form of poverty)?
Why is it important to realize that every personal sin have social consequences?
Do I think of the Sacrament of Reconciliation as a positive celebration of the mercy of God?
06. They have been made living members of the Church by being buried and raised with Christ in baptism; they have been united more intimately with the Church by profession. Therefore, they should go forth as witnesses and instruments of her mission among all people, proclaiming Christ by their life and words.
Called like Saint Francis to rebuild the Church and inspired by his example, let them devote themselves energetically to living in full communion with the pope, bishops, and priests, fostering an open and trusting dialog of apostolic effectiveness and creativity.
07. United by their vocation as “brothers and sisters of penance” and motivated by the dynamic power of the gospel, let them conform their thoughts and deeds to those of Christ by means of that radical interior change which the gospel calls “conversion.” Human frailty makes it necessary that this conversion be carried out daily.
On this road to renewal the sacrament of reconciliation is the privileged sign of the Father’s mercy and the source of grace.