Seventh Sunday of Easter
- · Dan’s Deliberations, Discoveries, & Declarations
- · Today in Catholic History
- · Quote of the Day
- · Today’s Gospel Reading
- · Gospel Reflection
- · Reflection Prayer
- · Catholic Apologetics
- · A Franciscan’s Saint of the Day
- · Reflection on part of the OFS Rule
My Oldest son’s (Dan, III) last day of school, and his last day at work was this week. He leaves for boot camp in a month and a half, planning to be a part of Naval Special Operations Group as an “Aviation Rescue Swimmer”. He’s NOW a man, and I am still concerned for him – – and SOooo PROUD of him!! It is hard to describe the feelings I have over his “adulthood” and the danger he has chosen to place himself in for OUR protection (He even had a full-ride scholarship and turned it down to serve our country). I Love him and want to keep him safe – – but can’t. I can only pray for him instead, placing him in God’s hand. Please pray for him as well.
† 325 – The First Council of Nicaea – the first Ecumenical Council of the Christian Church – is held
† 1277 – Death of Pope John XXI (b. 1215)
† 1444 – Saint Bernardino of Siena, Italian Franciscan missionary (b. 1380) dies at age 63
† 1470 – Birth of Pietro Bembo, Italian cardinal (d. 1547)
† 1571 – Venice, Spain & Pope Pius form anti-Turkish Saint League
† 1825 – Death of Papaflessas, Greek priest and government official (b. 1788)
† 1906 – Birth of Giuseppe Siri, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1989)
† Feasts/Memorials: Saint Bernardine of Siena; Saint Lucifer; Saint Austregisilus; Saint Ivo of Chartres; Abercius and Helena
(From the “On This Day” Blog Site
“Today in Catholic History”
“I don’t honestly believe that any man or woman can get all priorities in life straight alone. We will always have doubts, fears, tensions, and wonderings without prayer. We will continuously feel as if we are involved in a great juggling act with all the balls up in the air at once, soon to come plummeting to the ground. But before God in prayer, we can get our priorities in right order and become one: one integrated person in Jesus Christ.” ~ Fr. Michael Scanlan, T.O.R., “Appointment with God“, Apostolate for Family Consecration
Today’s reflection: Jesus prays for His disciples
(NAB John 17:11b-19) 11 Holy Father, keep them in your name that you have given me, so that they may be one just as we are. 12 When I was with them I protected them in your name that you gave me, and I guarded them, and none of them was lost except the son of destruction, in order that the scripture might be fulfilled. 13 But now I am coming to you. I speak this in the world so that they may share my joy completely. 14 I gave them your word, and the world hated them, because they do not belong to the world any more than I belong to the world. 15 I do not ask that you take them out of the world but that you keep them from the evil one. 16 They do not belong to the world any more than I belong to the world. 17 Consecrate them in the truth. Your word is truth. 18 As you sent me into the world, so I sent them into the world. 19 And I consecrate myself for them, so that they also may be consecrated in truth.
The background of today’s reading – – Jesus’ prayer to His Father – – comes at the conclusion of Jesus’ farewell discourse He delivered to His disciples at the Last Supper. The entire 17th chapter of John’s Gospel is a prayer by Jesus – – to His Father – – entrusting and committing Himself to His Father and expressing His care and concern for His disciples. At the end of this prayer, Jesus and His disciples depart for the Garden of Gethsemane, where Jesus will ultimately be arrested, starting His Passion and Execution.
In reading this “Prayer of Jesus” at Mass during the Easter Season, and through the lens of His upcoming Resurrection, we know that the light of Jesus Christ has definitely overcome the darkness of sin and death in our world. In the opening line of Jesus’ prayer to His Father, we hear Jesus pray that His disciples will be kept “in the name” He was given by God the Father. We know salvation is given to us in the name of Jesus, and Jesus’ name—“God saves”—announces His mission on our behalf.
Since the sixteenth century, this 17th chapter of John’s Gospel has been called the “high priestly prayer” of Jesus. Through this “prayer”, Jesus speaks as OUR intercessor. He uses words addressed directly to God the Father and NOT to His disciples, who instead, probably overhear Jesus at prayer.
On the eve of His sacrifice on the cross, and in the presence of His disciples, Jesus made His high priestly prayer: “Holy Father, keep them in your name that they may be one as we are one“. Jesus prayed for the unity of His disciples and for ALL who would believe in Him. Jesus’ prayer for His people is that we be united with God the Father, in His Son, and through His Holy Spirit; and we will be joined together in unity with all who are members of Christ’s body.
Jesus’ prayer is one of petition, starting with His asking for an “intercession” in the reading just prior to today’s (cf., John 17:6–19), and for the “security” of future disciples immediately after this particular Gospel reading (cf., John 17:20–21). Many phrases appear to be reminiscent of Jesus’ example of “how” WE should pray: “the Our Father” prayer.
Although still in this world, Jesus already looked on His earthly human ministry as a thing of the past. Jesus has, up to this time, stated that His disciples could not follow Him:
“My children, I will be with you only a little while longer. You will look for me, and as I told the Jews, ‘Where I go you cannot come,’ so now I say it to you.” (John 13:33);
“Simon Peter said to him, ‘Master, where are you going?’ Jesus answered [him], ‘Where I am going, you cannot follow me now, though you will follow later.’” (John 13:36).
Now, in today’s reading, He wishes them to be with Him “in union” with God the Father:
“When I was with them I protected them in your name that you gave me, and I guarded them, and none of them was lost except the son of destruction, in order that the scripture might be fulfilled. But now I am coming to you. I speak this in the world so that they may share my joy completely. I gave them your word, and the world hated them, because they do not belong to the world any more than I belong to the world.” (John 17:12–14).
Several important themes appear throughout Jesus’ prayer to His heavenly Father. First, Jesus’ prayer reaffirms the complete “union” between Himself and God the Father. Throughout John’s Gospel, Jesus has been presented as the “ONE” who preexisted with God the Father, AND, as the “ONE” sent by God the Father to do His work on earth. In today’s reading, we hear Jesus include ALL His disciples, all of us, in this “union” with His Father. We are reminded through Jesus’ prayer, that Jesus Christ IS the source of Christian unity. Through Jesus Christ, we are united with one another AND with God Our Father Himself.
So, who is Jesus talking about when He mentions the “son of destruction” in today’s Gospel? Is it the same “person” John mentioned in a different “title” a few chapters prior:
“I am not speaking of all of you. I know those whom I have chosen. But so that the scripture might be fulfilled, ‘The one who ate my food has raised his heel against me.’” (John 13:18).
I wonder, is Jesus talking about Judas Iscariot, about Satan himself, or about any of his evil disciples on earth? I believe the answer is, in a way, “YES” to all three possibilities. What I also believe is that those who follow Jesus with a certainty of faith, trust, and love, will not be overcome by the “son of destruction”!! John, in his next chapter, will go on to explain this fulfillment of faith, trust, and love:
“This was to fulfill what he had said, ‘I have not lost any of those you gave me.” (John 18:9).
The above verse (John 18:9) is also referring to two other places in John’s Gospel:
“And this is the will of the one who sent me, that I should not lose anything of what he gave me, but that I should raise it [on] the last day.” (John 6:39);
“I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish. No one can take them out of my hand.” (John10:28).
“Even my trusted friend, who ate my bread, has raised his heel against me” (Psalm 41:10);
When comparing John 13:18 with Psalm 41:10 verse, “Even my trusted friend…has raised his heel against me”, John is characterizing specifically Judas as a false friend. However, Jesus had many “false friends”, even still today.
So, Jesus warns His followers about the danger of betrayal, especially toward Himself, or His Heavenly Father:
“The Son of Man indeed goes, as it is written of him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed. It would be better for that man if he had never been born.” (Matthew 26:24);
The enormity of such a horrendous deed is such that it would be better not to exist than to do it. Judas Iscariot was a close disciple of Jesus and should have realized the enormity of his betrayal of Him. As stated in Bible’s the book of ACTS, Judas was truly and fully warned:
“My brothers, the scripture had to be fulfilled which the Holy Spirit spoke beforehand through the mouth of David, concerning Judas, who was the guide for those who arrested Jesus.” (Acts 1:16).
Judas Iscariot was led into an act of deception by not allowing the Holy Spirit to act in and through him. Instead, Judas allowed the “son of destruction” to claim him.
Let’s leave Judas and come back to Jesus. What motivated Jesus to lay down His life on the cross – – as THE atoning sacrifice for the sin of the world? Well, it was love – – love for His Father in heaven and love for each and every one of us who are made in the image and likeness of God the Father. Jesus was sent into this world by His Father for a purpose, and that purpose was a mission of love to free each one of us from the slavery to sin, Satan, fear, death, and hopelessness. Through His endless and infinite love, Jesus dedicated Himself out of pure JOY.
Jesus, in today’s reading, speaks of the joy that can fill each of us who dedicated themselves to His will:
“I speak this in the world so that they may share my joy completely” (John17:13).
A “complete joy” is an important theme for John to relay to his audience. He previously mentioned a possessing of a “complete joy” in chapter 15 as well:
“I have told you this so that my joy may be in you and your joy may be complete.” (John 15:11).
In this prayer from today’s Gospel, Jesus describes part of His mission in a language of “protection”. He has protected those who were given – – to Him – – by God the Father; and we hear echoes of dualism reflected throughout. Beginning with the opening chapter, John has presents Jesus’ human mission in the context of an immense struggle between good and evil – – represented by light and darkness. In Jesus’ human and divine presence, His disciples have been protected from Satan. Now, as Jesus is preparing His return to His Father, He prays that His disciples will continue to be protected from the “evil one”. We can’t help but note the validation of the prayer Jesus taught His disciples, “the Our Father”.
In Jesus’ prayer to His (and our) Father in Heaven, He utters a simply complex petition resembling a part of the “Our Father Prayer”. The petition John is referring to in today’s reading is, “deliver us from the evil one.”
“I do not ask that you take them out of the world j but that you keep them from the evil one” (John 17:15).
We know this petition is taught to all His disciples, for it can be found in two of the Synoptic Gospels as well, Matthew and Luke:
“Do not subject us to the final test, but deliver us from the evil one” (Matthew 6:13);
“Do not subject us to the final test.” (Luke 11:4).
In all three instances of God the Father’s protection from the “final test”, they refer to Satan rather than to abstract evil.
“Do not subject us to the final test, but deliver us from the evil one.” (Matthew 6:13);
In Jewish “apocalyptic” writings, a period of severe trial will come to ALL before the end of the age. This period has sometimes been called the “messianic woes” by some Jewish people, yet even still today. The three examples of this petition just mentioned (John’s, Matthew’s, and Luke’s) asks for Jesus’ disciples (including us) to be safe a “final test”. Even Paul’s Second letter to his Thessalonians, and John’s first letter to his roman Jewish Christians, relays this promise of safety and security from Satan and evil:
“The Lord is faithful; he will strengthen you and guard you from the evil one.” (2 Thessalonians 3:3);
“We know that no one begotten by God sins; but the one begotten by God he protects, and the evil one cannot touch him.” (1 John 5:18).
Also present in this 17th chapter is the distinction between the world and the disciples. Disciples are in the world, but they do not belong “TO” the world. Like Jesus, they (and we) are sent INTO the world for the world’s salvation, knowing the world may not accept His disciples with open arms. Again, we hear reverberations of John’s theme of the cosmic battle between light and darkness; the world PREFERING darkness. However, His “light” will never be overcome by the darkness – – His light of truth will prevail.
“Consecrate them in the truth. Your word is truth” (John 17:17).
So, what is “consecrate”? – – what is “truth”? – – and what is “word”? To consecrate is to make holy, to set apart, to sanctify. In essence, consecration is a purification of oneself through the words and actions of the Holy Spirit working in, with, and through you. (It is a great flushing out of the old self and a gaining of a new and improved “self” – – with and in Christ.) Peter teaches about this “purified selves” in his first letter to the Christian communities in Asia Minor (A peninsula of western Asia between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea; generally the same area as Asian Turkey.):
“Since you have purified yourselves by obedience to the truth for sincere mutual love, love one another intensely from a [pure] heart.” (1 Peter 1:22)
Jesus also said, “Consecrate in the Truth”. What is “truth”? Per the dictionary, “truth” is something honest and sincere, corresponding to fact, or to reality. Purifying oneself in the honest and sincere fact and reality of Jesus as the “Son of God”, – – OUR personal Redeemer and Savior – – IS the ultimate goal for any Catholic Christian. Consecrating or purifying oneself in “truth” IS immersing oneself in His “Word”!! In wrapping ourselves in God’s “Word”, we are wrapping our “selves” into what has ALWAYS been, and will always “BE”:
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came to be through him, and without him nothing came to be. What came to be through him was life, and this life was the light of the human race; the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.” (John 1:1-5)
The “Word” is MUCH more than simply words written into a book. God’s “Word” Began ALL, Created ALL, Lives through ALL, and Lights the way for ALL. When the Deacon or Priest holds up the book of the Gospels in procession, or at the Reading of His “Word” (in Mass), he is holding up GOD for all to SEE!! God’s “Word” burns brightly in each of His disciples. How bright is your flame?
In the last two verses of today’s reading, Jesus wraps His “truth”, His “Word”, around each of His disciple, cloaking them in His personal love and protection as He sent them (and us) to continue His work in this world:
“As you sent me into the world, so I sent them into the world. And I consecrate myself for them, so that they also may be consecrated in truth.” (NAB John 17:18-19).
From this day forward, the eleven disciples closest to Jesus were now to be forever called “Apostles” (which means, “those sent”), for they were “sent” out to proclaim His “Word”, love, and peace. This “sending” of the Apostles (and us – His current disciples) is also the subject of Jesus’ post-resurrection appearances to the Eleven:
“Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit” (Matthew 28:19);
“He said to them, ‘Go into the whole world and proclaim the gospel to every creature.’” (Mark 16:15);
“And He said to them, ‘Thus it is written that the Messiah would suffer and rise from the dead on the third day and that repentance, for the forgiveness of sins, would be preached in his name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem.’” (Luke 24:46-47).
In summary, Jesus’ aim and mission was to glorify His heavenly Father. All He said and did truly gave glory to His Father in heaven. Jesus saw glory in the cross rather than shame. Obedience to His Father’s will was His glory. Jesus kept His Father’s word, even when tempted to forgo the cross. Jesus did not rely on His own worldly human resources and strength to accomplish His Father’s will. Instead, He trusted in His Father to give Him strength, courage, and perseverance in the face of opposition, trials, and temptation. We are encouraged to take up our personal crosses (the big ones and little ones), following our Lord Jesus wherever He may call us to go. Jesus will give us the strength and power of the Holy Spirit to live as His disciples.
Reading today’s prayer of Jesus, as found in John’s Gospel, during the Easter Season, and through the lens of His upcoming Resurrection, we know that the light of Christ has definitely overcome the darkness of sin and death in our world. In the opening line of Jesus’ prayer to His Father, we heard Jesus pray that His disciples will be kept “in the name” which He was given by God the Father. We know salvation is given to us in the name of Jesus, and that Jesus’ name—“God saves”—announces His mission on our behalf.
Jesus prayed that His disciples would be sanctified and consecrated in God’s truth and holiness. The scriptural word for “consecration” comes from the same Hebrew word meaning “holy” or “set apart for God”. This word, consecration, also means “to be equipped with the qualities of mind and heart and character for a task or service”. Just as Jesus was called by His Father to serve in holiness and truth, so are we called and equipped for our task of serving God in the present world as His ambassadors.
God’s “truth” frees us from ignorance and the deception of sin. It reveals to us God’s goodness, love, and wisdom; and it gives us a desire for God’s holiness. The Holy Spirit is the source and giver of all holiness. As we allow the Holy Spirit to work in our lives, He transforms us by His purifying fire, and changes us into the likeness of Christ. Is your life consecrated to God – – Look in the mirror?
To conclude, one of the greatest gifts we are given in life is protection from harm. We personally, in family, and in society, work together to keep one another safe from physical harm. Think of the effort we parents have taken to make our homes child proof for example. We, as Christians, also attempt to protect each other from emotional harm as well. In another example, we attempt to talk to one another in a way as not to hurt one another’s feelings by our words. And, most importantly, we, as Christians, should work together in protecting each other from what might harm another spiritually.
When we work together to strengthen God and community, we build a spiritual strength making us able to turn from what would lead us away from God and the Church. Jesus’ prayer for His disciples in today’s reading is also a prayer for us today.
Jesus left them, and US, with a great blessing along with His sending out message found in today’s reading; a blessing of calm and harmony – – “PEACE”:
“[Jesus] said to them again, ‘Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, so I send you.’” (John 20:21–22).
I end today’s reflection with the same blessing He gave to each of us, – – “Peace BE With You” as well.
“The ‘Our Father’ Prayer”
My reason and purpose for this section on my blog is to provide “scriptural confirmation” for our beliefs and doctrines, not to cause dissention or opposition with my fellow believers in Jesus Christ, yet not in union with the Roman Catholic Church. Whether God speaks to us through the “Bible”, or through “Tradition”, it is the Holy Spirit that inspires the “Word” from which all authentic tradition flows.
Tradition can be separated into two aspects: oral and behavioral. Oral tradition includes written forms. After all, it ALL started with oral tradition. Behavioral tradition includes Baptism, Eucharist or Lord’s Supper, Lying on of hands or healing, Intercessory prayer, and Ordination.
All Scriptural verses are taken from both the Revised Standard Version: Catholic Edition of the Holy Bible and the King James Version of the Holy Bible.
Scripture and Tradition
“First of all you must understand this, that no prophecy of Scripture is a matter of one’s own interpretation, because no prophecy ever came by the impulse of man, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God” (2 Peter 1:20-21).
“For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.” (2 Peter 1:20-21).
“Though I have much to write to you, I would rather not use paper and ink, but I hope to come to see you and talk with you face to face, so that our joy may be complete” (2 John 1:12).
“Having many things to write unto you, I would not write with paper and ink: but I trust to come unto you, and speak face to face, that our joy may be full.” (2 John 1:12).
Most of the saints suffer great personal opposition, even persecution. Bernardine, by contrast, seems more like a human dynamo who simply took on the needs of the world.
He was the greatest preacher of his time, journeying across Italy, calming strife-torn cities, attacking the paganism he found rampant, attracting crowds of 30,000, following St. Francis of Assisi’s admonition to preach about “vice and virtue, punishment and glory.”
Compared with St. Paul by the pope, Bernardine had a keen intuition of the needs of the time, along with solid holiness and boundless energy and joy. He accomplished all this despite having a very weak and hoarse voice, miraculously improved later because of his devotion to Mary.
When he was 20, the plague was at its height in his hometown, Siena. Sometimes as many as 20 people died in one day at the hospital. Bernardine offered to run the hospital and, with the help of other young men, nursed patients there for four months. He escaped the plague but was so exhausted that a fever confined him for several months. He spent another year caring for a beloved aunt (her parents had died when he was a child) and at her death began to fast and pray to know God’s will for him.
At 22, he entered the Franciscan Order and was ordained two years later. For almost a dozen years he lived in solitude and prayer, but his gifts ultimately caused him to be sent to preach. He always traveled on foot, sometimes speaking for hours in one place, then doing the same in another town.
Especially known for his devotion to the Holy Name of Jesus, Bernardine devised a symbol—IHS, the first three letters of the name of Jesus in Greek, in Gothic letters on a blazing sun. This was to displace the superstitious symbols of the day, as well as the insignia of factions (for example, Guelphs and Ghibellines). The devotion spread, and the symbol began to appear in churches, homes and public buildings. Opposition arose from those who thought it a dangerous innovation. Three attempts were made to have the pope take action against him, but Bernardine’s holiness, orthodoxy and intelligence were evidence of his faithfulness.
General of a branch of the Franciscan Order, the Friars of the Strict Observance, he strongly emphasized scholarship and further study of theology and canon law. When he started there were 300 friars in the community; when he died there were 4,000. He returned to preaching the last two years of his life, dying while traveling.
Another dynamic saint once said, “…I will not be a burden, for I want not what is yours, but you…. I will most gladly spend and be utterly spent for your sakes” (2 Corinthians 12:14). There is danger that we see only the whirlwind of activity in the Bernardines of faith—taking care of the sick, preaching, studying, administering, always driving—and forget the source of their energy. We should not say that Bernardine could have been a great contemplative if he had had the chance. He had the chance, every day, and he took it.
Patron Saint of: Advertising; Gambling; Compulsive behavior; Italy; Public relations
Saint of the Day: Lives, Lessons and Feast
By Leonard Foley, O.F.M.;
revised by Pat McCloskey, O.F.M.
(From http://www.americancatholic.org website)
20. The Secular Franciscan Order is divided into fraternities of various levels — local, regional, national, and international. Each one has its own moral personality in the Church. These various fraternities are coordinated and united according to the norm of this rule and of the constitutions.
21. On various levels, each fraternity is animated and guided by a council and minister who are elected by the professed according to the constitutions.
Their service, which lasts for a definite period, is marked by a ready and willing spirit and is a duty of responsibility to each member and to the community.
Within themselves the fraternities are structured in different ways according to the norm of the constitutions, according to the various needs of their members and their regions, and under the guidance of their respective council.