Fourth Sunday of Ordinary Time
- Dan’s Deliberations, Discoveries, & Declarations
- Today in Catholic History
- Joke of the Day
- Today’s Gospel Reading
- Gospel Reflection
- Reflection Prayer
- Catholic Apologetics
- A Franciscan’s Saint of the Day
- Franciscan Formation Reflection
- Reflection on part of the SFO Rule
Last week was the annual “March for Life” in Washington D.C. The purpose was to mark the 39th anniversary of the ominous ruling by the Supreme Court in the case of Roe vs. Wade. This ruling legalized the murder of 54 million babies in these few years. This number equates to 17 percent of America’s current 312 million-plus population – – “17 PERCENT”!!! Only the “Black Plague” has cost more lives … Not even ALL our countries WARs “combined” can claim this sad distinction! Let us all pray for those lost lives, for those about to have abortions, and especially for the overturning of this barbaric violation of Natural – and GOD’s – Laws. Here is a prayer I say daily:
“Prayer to St. Gerard”
(Patron Saint for Mothers)
“St. Gerard, you worshiped Jesus as the Lord of Life. I ask you today to pray for my special intentions: For all those about to have abortions, all pregnant women, their husbands, all new parents, & especially _________. Lift up to Jesus all those who seek to conceive a child, all those having difficult pregnancies, all who have suffered the loss of a child, and all who lovingly lift up their children to God.
Pray that all of us, by caring for mothers, fathers, and children born and unborn may build a Culture of Life, in the name of Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.”
† 904 – Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed antipope Christopher.
† 1119 – Death of Pope Gelasius II
† 1732 – Paris churchyard Saint-Medard closed after Jansenistic ritual
† 1860 – American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX
† Feast/Memorials: Valerius of Trèves; Saint Juniper
(From the “On This Day” Blog Site
“Today in Catholic History”
Today’s reflection is about Jesus healing a man with an unclean spirit. Jesus’ fame spreads throughout Galilee.
(NAB Mark 1:21-28) 21 Then they came to Capernaum, and on the Sabbath He entered the synagogue and taught. 22The people were astonished at His teaching, for He taught them as one having authority and not as the scribes. 23 In their synagogue was a man with an unclean spirit; 24 he cried out, “What have you to do with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are — the Holy One of God!” 25 Jesus rebuked him and said, “Quiet! Come out of him!” 26 The unclean spirit convulsed him and with a loud cry came out of him. 27 All were amazed and asked one another, “What is this? A new teaching with authority. He commands even the unclean spirits and they obey Him.” 28 His fame spread everywhere throughout the whole region of Galilee.
Do you believe that God’s “Word” has power to set you free and to transform your life permanently? Today’s Gospel describes what was likely to have been a typical day in Jesus’ earthly public ministry. Jesus, and the disciples who chose to follow him in last week’s Gospel, arrive at Capernaum, a small village on the Sea of Galilee. There, Jesus teaches in the synagogue on the Sabbath. The people responded to Jesus’ teaching with “astonishment”, noting Jesus’ “authority”, contrasting His message and teachings with the “Scribes’”. We are only in the first chapter of Mark’s Gospel and we already are finding evidence of tension which will manifest itself fully in Jerusalem on a future Passover Sabbath.
Today’s reading happens, as I said, during a Sabbath, and both inside and outside the synagogue of Capernaum. His ministry on this day combined teachings and the “miracles” of exorcism and healing. There is no mention made of Jesus’ words of the teaching in the synagogue in Mark’s Gospel; however, today’s reading DOES cover the “effect” of their astonishment and His authority on the people hearing His “Word” and seeing His actions.
The witnesses declare that Jesus “teaches with authority” to ALL the people – – in AND out – – of the synagogue; and witnesses are still declaring His “authority” now, today, as it was then! Jesus’ authoritive “teaching” provides evidence and witness as to His definite claim over those hearing and believing His “Words”, and over the “unseen spirits” influencing individual listeners. His “Word” was offered to those present listening to Him in the best tradition of the Old Testament prophets. His method of teaching was different; not like the “Scribes” who taught and spoke the “Word” (as they believed it to be), yet did not LIVE the “Word” in their daily actions and lives.
When Jesus taught, He always spoke with “authority”. He spoke the “Word” of God the Father as NO ONE had spoken before!! When the Rabbis taught, they supported their statements with quotes from other authorities or from their personal interpretations of the Mosaic Law. The prophets spoke with God-given, delegated, “authority”, i.e., “Thus says the Lord.” When Jesus spoke, He needed no authorities, no Temple leaders, or no Rabbis needed to back His “Word” or statements. He WAS and IS THE “authority” personified (incarnated); Jesus Christ WAS and IS THE “Word” of God the Father made flesh. When He spoke, God the Father spoke. Jesus Himself declared:
“I did not speak on my own, but the Father who sent me commanded me what to say and speak. And I know that his commandment is eternal life. So what I say, I say as the Father told me.” (John 12:49-50)
Even the demons and “unclean spirits” obeyed when He commanded. After Jesus’ preaching, an even more astonishing thing happened; a man with an “unclean spirit” approached Jesus and calls out to Him while in the synagogue. Demons know Jesus. Demons are not afraid to enter His holy temple. They have a personal, yet unfriendly, relationship with Him. So, when someone asks you, “Do you have a personal relationship with Jesus, do you know Him?”, just remember, so does Satan and all the other fallen angels, and the “unclean spirits”!!
What IS an “unclean spirit”? Well, it is a spirit who is resistant to, and continues to resist vehemently, the holiness of God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. This “unclean spirit” is fearful of the Holy Trinitarian Godhead because he (or they) know and fear the absolute power of Jesus Christ to destroy their influence on the people who also attempt to resist the holiness of the Trinitarian God:
“When it was evening, after sunset, they brought to Him all who were ill or possessed by demons. He cured many who were sick with various diseases, and He drove out many demons, not permitting them to speak because they knew Him.” (Mark 1:32, 34);
“Whenever unclean spirits saw Him they would fall down before Him and shout, ‘You are the Son of God.’” (Mark3:11).
Plus, they, every “unclean spirit”, know Jesus’ divine power is granted to others doing His will:
“They [the Apostles’] drove out many demons, and they anointed with oil many who were sick and cured them.” (Mark 6:13).
As we see in this example (and throughout Mark’s Gospel), the various spirits and demons know Jesus for who He truly is, and are fearful of Him and the overwhelming power He possesses over them. In fact, they understand Jesus’ identity better than His disciples at this time. Jesus orders the “unclean spirit” to be quiet, and then drives the “unclean spirit” out of the possessed man. Jesus’ ability to heal those possessed by demons is a true indication of His physical and divine power over ALL evil, and over ALL reality.
In reality, and in the less scientific era of Jesus’ time, all illnesses were understood to be manifestations of evil and sinfulness on the person’s part. Thank the Lord (literally) that our modern understanding of illness is very different and more beneficial for a “sick” individual. Possession by “unclean spirits” may have been a way to describe what we call mental illness in today’s world. It may also have even been a way of describing certain kinds of physical conditions easily correctable today.
There is evidence that there were many kinds of exorcists and healers in first-century Palestine. Jesus appears to be similar to these healers; but He heals with a unique authority and connects His healing activities with the “Word” of His preaching and teaching. However, we are missing the point that Mark is making in this Gospel if we try to explain away the healing work and power of Jesus Christ as simply an act that can be “accomplished” today scientifically.
This man processed with an “unclean spirit” calls Jesus “the Holy One of God”. This was not a confession as such, but an attempt by the “demon” to hopelessly defend himself against Jesus’ power over him. The demon is trying to counter Jesus’ “authority” by declaring that he knows Jesus to be the “Holy One of God”. By using “Holy One of God” (Jesus Christ), the demon thought and tried to establish control over Jesus, and to impress the congregation. How wrong and misguided could this “unclean spirit” be in this belief!! Jesus silenced the bellowing words of the “unclean spirit”, driving him out of the afflicted man, by His authoritive “Word”. By doing so, the congregation was definitely “stunned” and “impressed”.
It is clear that the crowds see in Jesus’ deliverance of the possessed man a “declaration”, a “revelation”, and a “affirmation” of His divine “authority” over every authority, those who resist God’s “Word”, those who comply with God’s “Word”, and those who do not know God’s “Word”. Jesus’ power to deliver and heal gives clear credibility, authority, and support to His teachings as coming from God – – (unlike the Scribes). Because of the kind of authority with which He healed, Jesus’ fame spread throughout all of Galilee like a divine wildfire illuminating the world.
So awesomely compelling were Jesus’ “Words” and actions that the news about Him and His abilities could not be contained any more than the sun can be contained with the emerging dawn. Thus, His reputation spread quickly throughout all of Galilee, and spread throughout Israel, even to the High Priests in the very center of Jerusalem. Today, some two thousand years later, the “good news” of and about Jesus Christ is STILL continuing to spread. This “illuminating fire” has not been quenched; rather, it is instead growing brighter throughout ALL nations of the world. We are called to participate – – to be active, not passive – – in sharing the “Good News” of Jesus Christ with others in our personal and public words, and in our personal and public deeds, even here and now. We must have, and deepen our faith in God the Father, God the Son, God the Holy Spirit, – – and His “Word”. A true and fully complete “faith, love, and hope” in Him is the key to knowing Him better, loving Him more deeply, and seeing Him more fully.
Remember, faith is powerful; but without love it profits nothing:
“If I speak in human and angelic tongues but do not have love, I am a resounding gong or a clashing cymbal. So faith, hope, love remain, these three; but the greatest of these is love.” (1 Corinthians 13:1, 13).
“For in Christ Jesus, neither circumcision nor uncircumcision counts for anything, but only faith working through love.” (Galatians 5:6).
As faith thrives, so flourishes hope:
“May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that you may abound in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.” (Romans 15:13).
Our faith is made perfect in love because love orients us to both the supreme good who is God the Father Himself, as well as the good of our neighbor who is created in the image and likeness of God:
“Then God said: Let us make human beings in our image, after our likeness. … God created mankind in his image; in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them.” (Genesis 1:26-27).
Notice: “Hope” anchors our faith in the promises of God the Father and cleanses our desires for the things which will last for ALL eternity. This is why the “Word” of Jesus Christ has power to set us free from all that would keep us bound in sin, deception, and despair.
Finally, faith is both a free gift of God the Father AND the free submission of OUR individual wills to the whole truth which God reveals to us personally, uniquely, and intimately. To live, grow, and persevere in the perpetual and complete faith of God the Father, we must nourish and support our faith with His “Word”. Jesus gives us His Holy Spirit to enlighten our minds so that we may grow in His “truth” and in our knowledge of His great love for each of us, as I just wrote: personally, uniquely, and intimately. Thank you Jesus Christ for revealing the power of Your “Word”.
How does today’s reflection affect you personally, uniquely, and intimately? Try to name some awesome and amazing things, events, and/or people in your lives which or who bring you closer to the “Holy One of God” now revealed by His “Word”, to be the “Most Holy Trinity”.
In today’s Gospel, the people who “heard” Jesus were “astonished” and “amazed” in their personal experience with Jesus. What did these people, who saw and heard Jesus, find so “amazing”? Per the Gospel reading, the people heard and saw the “power” and “authority” of God actively at work in their personal and public lives, in and through Jesus Christ Himself!!
We should see the same “power” and “authority” of Jesus at work in OUR personal and public lives. Can you name any modern examples of people in whom you have seen the “power” and “authority” of God at work? It could be a priest, a friend, or even a “marginalized” individual. PLEASE pray that we ALL will experience an awe-inspiring wonder at the work of God in our lives and in OUR world today – – MANY, MANY times.
If we approach God the Father – – and His “Word” – – humbly, with an eagerness to do everything He desires, we are in a much better position to continue seeing God’s presence in our daily lives. We will be able to learn what the Trinitarian God wants to teach us, personally, uniquely, and intimately, through His personal, unique, and intimate “Word”. Are you eager to be taught by Jesus Christ as the people “hearing” Him in today’s reading? Are you willing to mold and model YOUR life according to His “Word”? We already know the end of the book; so, let’s be on the “winning” side. AMEN!!
“Prayer to the Holy Spirit”
“Come, Holy Spirit, fill the hearts of your faithful.
And kindle in them the fire of your love.
Send forth your Spirit and they shall be created.
And you will renew the face of the earth.
by the light of the Holy Spirit
you have taught the hearts of your faithful.
In the same Spirit
help us to relish what is right
and always rejoice in your consolation.
We ask this through Christ our Lord.
My reason and purpose for this section on my blog is to provide “scriptural confirmation” for our beliefs and doctrines, not to cause dissention or opposition with my fellow believers in Jesus Christ, yet not in union with the Roman Catholic Church. Whether God speaks to us through the “Bible”, or through “Tradition”, it is the Holy Spirit that inspires the “Word” from which all authentic tradition flows.
Tradition can be separated into two aspects: oral and behavioral. Oral tradition includes written forms. After all, it ALL started with oral tradition. Behavioral tradition includes Baptism, Eucharist or Lord’s Supper, Lying on of hands or healing, Intercessory prayer, and Ordination.
All Scriptural verses are taken from both the Revised Standard Version: Catholic Edition of the Holy Bible and the King James Version of the Holy Bible.
Christ’s Divinity, Part 2:
“Jesus said to them, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am’” (John 8:58). RSV
“Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am. (John 8:58). KJV
“I and the Father are one“ (John 10:30). RSV
“I and my Father are one.” (John 10:30). KJV
“For in Him [Christ] the whole fullness of deity dwells bodily“ (Colossians 2:9). RSV
“For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.” (Colossians 2:9). KJV
Blessed Roger of Todi
Blessed Roger was one of the early Franciscans who was admitted to the Order by the founder himself. Because of his earnest efforts at perfection, the Seraphic Founder greatly esteemed him, and often chose him as his companion when he set out to preach or to direct souls. St. Francis appointed him spiritual director of the convent of Poor Clares at Rieti.
Pope Gregory IX, who knew him personally, and who had called him a saint even during his lifetime, at once sanctioned the celebration of his feast at Todi. Pope Benedict XIV extended his veneration to the entire Franciscan Order.
(Based on info from http://www.franciscan-sfo.org &
“Prayer” – – “Question”
(Answers next week)
How does prayer capture the “double miracle” occurring at each and every Mass?
How does imaging St. Francis’ appeal to each “Person of the Holy Trinity”, AND, the “whole” communion of Saints, in giving blessings to his friars affect you personally, and as a Franciscan?
Prologue to the Secular Franciscan Order (SFO) Rule:
In the name of the Lord!
Concerning Those Who Do Penance
All who love the Lord with their whole heart, with their whole soul and mind, with all their strength (cf. Mk 12:30), and love their neighbors as themselves (cf. Mt 22:39) and hate their bodies with their vices and sins, and receive the Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, and produce worthy fruits of penance.
Oh, how happy and blessed are these men and women when they do these things and persevere in doing them, because “the spirit of the Lord will rest upon them” (cf. Is 11:2) and he will make “his home and dwelling among them” (cf Jn 14:23), and they are the sons of the heavenly Father (cf. Mt 5:45), whose works they do, and they are the spouses, brothers, and mothers of our Lord Jesus Christ (cf. Mt 12:50).
We are spouses, when by the Holy Spirit the faithful soul is united with our Lord Jesus Christ; we are brothers to him when we fulfill “the will of the Father who is in heaven” (Mt 12:50).
We are mothers, when we carry him in our heart and body (cf. 1 Cor 6:20) through divine love and a pure and sincere conscience; we give birth to him through a holy life which must give life to others by example (cf. Mt 5:16).
Oh, how glorious it is to have a great and holy Father in heaven! Oh, how glorious it is to have such a beautiful and admirable Spouse, the Holy Paraclete.
Oh, how glorious it is to have such a Brother and such a Son, loved, beloved, humble, peaceful, sweet, lovable, and desirable above all: Our Lord Jesus Christ, who gave up his life for his sheep (cf. Jn 10:15) and prayed to the Father saying:
“Oh, holy Father, protect them with your name (cf. Jn 17:11) whom you gave me out of the world. I entrusted to them the message you entrusted to me and they received it. They have known that in truth I came from you; they have believed that it was you who sent me. For these I pray, not for the world (cf. Jn 17:9). Bless and consecrate them, and I consecrate myself for their sakes. I do not pray for them alone; I pray also for those who will believe in me through their word (cf. Jn 17:20) that they may be holy by being one, as we are (cf. Jn 17:11). And I desire, Father, to have them in my company where I am to see this glory of mine in your kingdom” (cf. Jn 17:6-24).