Third Sunday of Ordinary Time
- Dan’s Deliberations, Discoveries, & Declarations
- Today in Catholic History
- Quote or Joke of the Day
- Today’s Gospel Reading
- Gospel Reflection
- Reflection Prayer or Psalm
- Catholic Apologetics
- A Franciscan’s Saint of the Day
- Franciscan Formation Reflection
- Reflection on part of the SFO Rule
It is less than 290 days till the day we elect President of the United States, and many other Legislative positions for Federal and State offices. I would like to share a prayer I have been praying daily since before our last election for President, in 2008.
An Prayer to Mary for Politicians & the USA
“O Most Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of Mercy, at this most critical time, we entrust the United States of America to your loving care.
Most Holy Mother, we beg you to reclaim this land for the glory of your Son. Overwhelmed with the burden of the sins in our nation, we cry to you from the depths of our hearts and seek refuge in your motherly protection.
Look down with mercy upon us and touch the hearts of our people. Open our minds to the great worth of human life and to the responsibilities that accompany human freedom.
Free us from the falsehood that lead to the evil of abortion and threaten the sanctity of family life. Grant our country the wisdom to proclaim that God’s law is the foundation on which this nation was founded, and that He alone is the True Source of our cherished rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
O Merciful Mother, give us the courage to reject the culture of death and the strength to build a new Culture of Life. Amen.”
† 1588 – Pope Sixtus V decrees “Immense AeterniDei” (Reformed curia): Reorganized the Roman Curia, establishing permanent congregations of cardinals to advise the pope on various subjects.
† 1850 – Death of Vincenzo (Vincent) Pallotti, Italian saint, dies at age 54; He was the founder of the Pious Society of Missions (the Pallotines)
† 1913 – Birth of William Cardinal Conway, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1977)
† 1922 – Death of Benedictus XV(Benedict XV), [Giacomo Markies D Chiesa], pope (1914-22), dies at 67 (b. 1854)
† 2007 – Abbé Pierre, French priest (b. 1912). He was a French Catholic priest, member of the Resistance during World War II, and deputy of the Popular Republican Movement (MRP). He founded in 1949 the Emmaus movement, which has the goal of helping poor and homeless people and refugees.
† Feast/Memorial: St. Vincent, Anastasius of Persia.
(From the “On This Day” Blog Site
“Today in Catholic History”
Today’s reflection is about Jesus calling “fishermen”: Simon and Andrew, along with James and John, to be His disciples and “fishers of men”.
(NAB Mark 1:14-20) 14 After John had been arrested,Jesus came to Galilee proclaiming the gospel of God: 15“This is the time of fulfillment. The kingdom of God is at hand. Repent, and believe in the gospel.” 16 As he passed by the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and his brother Andrew casting their nets into the sea; they were fishermen. 17 Jesus said to them, “Come after me, and I will make you fishers of men.” 18 Then they abandoned their nets and followed him. 19 He walked along a little farther and saw James, the son of Zebedee, and his brother John. They too were in a boat mending their nets. 20 Then he called them. So they left their father Zebedee in the boat along with the hired men and followed him.
When a “king” had “good news” to deliver to his subjects, he sent messengers throughout his kingdom making a public announcement. Examples would include the birth of a new king, the winning of a major battle, or the defeat of an invading army. God the Father sent His prophets (Elijah, Elisha, and John the Baptist just to name only a few) to announce the coming of His “Messiah” (meaning “anointed one”) “King”. After Jesus was baptized in the Jordan River – – and “anointed” by the Holy Spirit – – He begins His public ministry: teaching and preaching the “Good News” – – the Gospel – – AND proclaiming the “kingdom of God” was NOW at hand for any and ALL ready to receive it.
Mark’s Gospel begins by reporting on the preaching and ministry of the last “prophet” prior to the Messiah, John the Baptist. He is “the voice in the wilderness” who was sent to prepare the way of the Lord. Immediately after describing the works and “words” of John the Baptist, Mark reports on Jesus’ “baptism in the Jordan River”, and His “temptation in the desert”. Mark wants his audience to understand the important connection between the end of John the Baptist’s ministry and the beginning of Jesus’ own earthly ministry. We need to remember that Mark’s audience was predominately “Gentile” and unfamiliar with Jewish customs, hence:
“The Pharisees and, in fact, all Jews, do not eat without carefully washing their hands, keeping the tradition of the elders. And on coming from the marketplace they do not eat without purifying themselves. And there are many other things that they have traditionally observed, the purification of cups and jugs and kettles [and beds]. … Yet you say, ‘If a person says to father or mother, “Any support you might have had from me is qorban”’ (meaning, dedicated to God).” (Mark 7:3–4, 11).
Jesus preaches the “Kingdom of God” in continuity with the preaching of John the Baptist. Like John the Baptist, Jesus’ pronouncement of the “kingdom” is a “call to repentance”.
Today’s Gospel describes how Jesus called His first disciples. Today’s reading also stresses the immediacy with which these men dropped everything to follow Him. We can only begin to imagine what Jesus’ presence must have been like in invoking such a response in these four disciples. While a few of us might relate to such a radical conversion, many of us would find such a sudden change in ourselves, or in another person, troubling and worrisome (Wow! Would we say in response to this happening: “He became a ‘bible thumper’”!). There are very few things for which we would willingly drop everything. Yet, this is the immediacy with which these first disciples responded to Jesus. These first disciples were willing to drop everything, making Jesus Christ and the “Kingdom of God” the most important things in their lives.
Today’s reading starts with John the Baptist. We are told that he had just been arrested. In God’s plan, Jesus was not to proclaim the “good news” of salvation prior to the termination of John the Baptist’s “active” mission. (Hmm, think about that one.) There is very little over-lapping between the two.
The “calling” of the first disciples of Jesus Christ promised them a share in Jesus’ work and entailed abandonment of family, and their former way of life. Three of the four Disciples, “Simon (Peter)”, “James”, and “John”, are distinguished among all the other “Apostles” in having a closer, more intimate, relationship with Jesus:
“After six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John his brother, and led them up a high mountain by themselves.” (Matthew 17:1);
“He took along Peter and the two sons of Zebedee [James and John], and began to feel sorrow and distress.” (Matthew 26:37).
Andrew is the one disciple from today’s reading not mentioned often in Holy Scripture. In reality, he is only mentioned three times. However, when mentioned, Andrew is performing an interesting and especially unique function in his ministry: bringing people TO Jesus, and instituting an important “function” in the Universal (Catholic) Christian Church:
1) Andrew brings Simon to Jesus, the one to be the leader of the Catholic Church:
“Andrew, the brother of Simon Peter, was one of the two who heard John and followed Jesus. He first found his own brother Simon and told him, ‘We have found the Messiah.’ He brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, ‘You are Simon the son of John; you will be called Cephas’ (which is translated Peter).” (John 1: 40-42);
2) At the Multiplication of the Loaves, Andrew brings to Jesus the boy having the bread and fish used in instituting the Holy Eucharist and the first Mass:
“There is a boy here who has five barley loaves and two fish …” (John 6:9)
3) When Andrew and Phillip brought some “Greeks”, who had “come to worship” – – with Jesus – – at the Passover festival. In actuality, they were probably Gentiles, signifying Jesus’ role of bringing ALL mankind to God the Father, and not just the Jewish “chosen people”.
“Now there were some Greeks among those who had come up to worship at the feast. … They asked, ‘Sir, we would like to see Jesus.’ … Andrew and Philip went and told Jesus.” (John 12:20-22)
In today’s reading, the disciples’ response is motivated by Jesus’ personal and direct invitation, an element that emphasizes His mysterious power and divinity.
The first sentence, the first two verses (14 & 15), have important facts and statements of faith within these few words
“After John had been arrested, Jesus came to Galilee proclaiming the gospel of God: ‘This is the time of fulfillment. The kingdom of God is at hand. Repent, and believe in the gospel.’” (Mark 1:14-15)
As I said in my opening, the last “prophet” prior to Jesus Christ: John the Baptist had just been arrested and in prison. I am sure Jesus was upset, disheartened, and concerned personally for John the Baptist and for His (and John’s) disciples’ welfare. Both Jesus and John the Baptist were in “Galilee”, the location for the major portion of Jesus’ “public” ministry prior to His arrest, trial, scourging, and death on the cross outside the gates of Jerusalem. Interesting for me is that John the Baptist’s enemies had sought to silence him. However, God the Father’s “good news” could not (and cannot be silenced). As soon as John the Baptist had finished his testimony, Jesus began His testimony in Galilee, His home district.
Jesus proclaimed the time is “fulfilled” and the “kingdom of God is at hand”. Jesus takes up John the Baptist’s message and mission of “repentance”, calling His disciples to “believe in the gospel” – – the “good news” – – which He came to deliver PERSONALLY!!
What is the “good news” which Jesus is STILL delivering? It is the “good news” of:
1) Peace and restoration of OUR personal relationship with God the Father:
“Stand fast with your loins girded in truth, clothed with righteousness as a breastplate, your feet shod in readiness for the gospel of peace.” (Ephesians 6:15),
2) The hope of heaven and everlasting life:
“Provided that you persevere in the faith, firmly grounded, stable, and not shifting from the hope of the gospel that you heard, which has been preached to every creature under heaven, of which I, Paul, am a minister.” (Colossians 1:23),
“We always give thanks to God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, when we pray for you, for we have heard of your faith in Christ Jesus and the love that you have for all the holy ones because of the hope reserved for you in heaven. Of this you have already heard through the word of truth, the Gospel” (Colossians 1:3-5),
4) The promise of reward to those who seek Him:
“When you read this you can understand my insight into the mystery of Christ, which was not made known to human beings in other generations as it has now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit, that the Gentiles are coheirs, members of the same body, and copartners in the promise in Christ Jesus through the gospel.” (Ephesians 3:4-6),
5) Everlasting life:
“He saved us and called us to a holy life, not according to our works but according to his own design and the grace bestowed on us in Christ Jesus before time began, but now made manifest through the appearance of our savior Christ Jesus, who destroyed death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel” (2 Timothy 1:9-10),
6) The “good news” of salvation: liberty from sin, and freedom to live as children of God the Father:
The “Gospel” (the “good news”) which Jesus “proclaimed” is God the Father’s “Word”. It is not only the “good news” from God the Father, but is also “about” God the Father “at work” in Jesus Christ Himself.
What did Jesus mean by saying, “this is the time of fulfillment”? Well, He is expressing the time of “God the Father’s promises” being fulfilled – – in, with, and through – – Jesus Christ, the Messiah Lord. “Fulfillment” includes not only human obedience to God the Father’s “Word”, but also the triumph of the Godhead over physical and spiritual “evils”; especially over physical and spiritual death.
Jesus’ preaching is GREATER than John the Baptist’s preaching. Jesus is beginning the “time of fulfillment” NOW! The “Kingdom of God” is already here!! Jesus’ “fulfilling” God the Father’s promises was demonstrated many times by Jesus, both in His “Words” and in His actions. Jesus’ “healings” and “forgiveness” of sins were (and still are) truly magnificent, exceptional, and revealing signs of the “Kingdom of God”.
So what is the “kingdom of God”? The word “kingdom” means much more than a territory or land mass. It literally means “sovereignty” or “reign”, and the power to “rule”: to employ authority. The many “prophets” announced that God the Father would establish a “kingdom”, not just for one nation or people, but for the entire world and for ALL peoples!!
“Bless the LORD, all you His angels, mighty in strength, acting at His behest, obedient to His command.” (Psalm 103:19).
His “kingdom” is far bigger, greater, and more powerful than anything we can imagine; it is TRULY “universal” (Catholic) and everlasting:
“So I issued a decree that all the wise men of Babylon should be brought before me to give the interpretation of the dream.” (Daniel 4:3).
God the Father’s “kingdom” is full of glory, power, and splendor:
“They speak of the glory of your reign and tell of your mighty works, making known to the sons of men your mighty acts, the majestic glory of your rule. Your reign is a reign for all ages, your dominion for all generations. The LORD is trustworthy in all His words, and loving in all His works.” (Psalm 145:11-13).
In the Old Testament Book of Daniel, we are told that His “kingdom” will be given to the “Son of Man” (Hmm) and to the saints:
“He received dominion, splendor, and kingship; all nations, peoples and tongues will serve him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that shall not pass away, his kingship, one that shall not be destroyed. But the holy ones of the Most High shall receive the kingship, to possess it forever and ever. Until the Ancient of Days came, and judgment was pronounced in favor of the holy ones of the Most High, and the time arrived for the holy ones to possess the kingship. Then the kingship and dominion and majesty of all the kingdoms under the heavens shall be given to the people of the holy ones of the Most High, whose kingship shall be an everlasting kingship, whom all dominions shall serve and obey.” (Daniel 7:14,18,22,27).
Jesus goes on to say, “The kingdom of God is at hand ….” He is literally meaning, “heaven”. “Heaven” is a Jewish proxy for the name “God”, which was strictly avoided by devout Jews, out of respect and reverence. The expression, “the kingdom of God”, in reality, means the effective rule of God the Father over His people.
Per Jewish apocalyptic literature, the “kingdom of God” is to be ushered in by a “judgment” in which sinners would be condemned and perish. This was the message of John the Baptist: to repent for the “kingdom of God” is coming SOON!! The Christian understanding of the “kingdom of God” is seen as being established in stages, concluding with the “Parousia” of Jesus’ return (the Second Coming).
NO ONE knows when this “Parousia” event will happen, including Jesus Christ:
“Of that day or hour, no one knows, neither the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.” (Mark 13:32).
“Repent, and believe in the gospel” (Mark1:15).
John the Baptist called for a “change of heart” (a daily “conversion”), and also, a change of conduct. He called for a turning of one’s life from rebellion, upheaval and revolt to a life of obedience, humility, and trust towards, and in, God the Father.
How do we enter the “kingdom of God”? The answer is in announcing the “good news”. Jesus gave two explicit things each of us must do to in order to receive the “kingdom of God”: repent and believe. When we submit to Christ’s power and rule in our lives, and believe His “good news” message, Our Lord Jesus Christ will give us His grace and power to live a “new” and specially unique way of life – – as residents of His “kingdom”.
Through repentance and belief in His power and majesty – – His “Word” – – God gives us the grace to renounce the evil and sad kingdom of darkness, ruled over, and powered, by sin and Satan (the father of lies):
“You belong to your father the devil and you willingly carry out your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning and does not stand in truth, because there is no truth in him. When he tells a lie, he speaks in character, because he is a liar and the father of lies.” (John 8:44).
This is “why” true repentance is the very first step to entering His “kingdom”. Jesus Christ needs to be the Lord, King, and Master of one’s heart and soul, – – instead of sin, selfishness, and greed. If we are only sorry for the consequences of our sins, we will very likely keep repeating the sin which is controlling us. True repentance requires a contrite heart, sorrow for sin, and a firm resolution in order to avoid repeating the sin in the future:
“Lord, you will open my lips; and my mouth will proclaim your praise.” (Psalm 51:17).
Jesus gives us grace to see sin for what it really is: a rejection of His love and wisdom in and for our lives, and a refusal to do what is good in accord with His “will”. Jesus’ grace brings pardon and help for turning away from everything keeping one from His love and truth.
In contrast to last week’s Gospel in which the first disciples seek Him out, Jesus takes the initiative in calling His first disciples. As mentioned last Sunday in the Gospel reading, it was more typical of first-century rabbinical schools for students to “seek out” rabbis, asking to be their disciples. In Mark’s Gospel, Jesus breaks with this tradition and “invites” His disciples to learn from Him.
Jesus is said to have first called four “fishermen”: Simon, Andrew, James, and John (Two sets of brothers). Jesus promises that He will make them “fishers of men.” . Mark does not report Jesus’ words of invitation verbatim, but He does report they left their fishing “immediately”, leaving their father, Zebedee, behind in the boat. It was obviously an urgent request for these four men to leave everything NOW. Is it of urgency to you to follow Jesus Christ as well?
To conclude: to believe is to take Jesus at His “Word” and to recognize that God the Father loves us so much He sent His Only-begotten Son to free us from the dreadful bondage of sin, destructive desires, and everlasting death. God made the supreme sacrifice of His beloved Son on the holy cross in order to “ransom” us back to a relationship with Him.
God is our heavenly Father, and He wants us to live as His children. God the Father loved us first, still loves us dearly, and invites us in, and with love, to surrender our lives to Him. Do you believe that the Gospel – – the “good news” of Jesus Christ – – has power to free you from the bondage to sin, fear, and death?
Why did he choose these ordinary people like these fishermen (Smelly, slimy, dirty fishermen!), and even each of us, to be disciples? In the choice of the first “Apostles”, we see a characteristic feature of Jesus’ work: He purposely chose very ordinary people!! These first Disciples of Christ were non-professionals, having no wealth or position in society. They were chosen from the “common people”, doing ordinary things, having no special education, and with no social advantages in life.
Jesus wanted ordinary people who could take an assignment and do it extraordinarily well. He chose (and STILL chooses) individuals, not for what they were, but for what they would be capable of becoming with His grace, direction, and power. When the Lord calls us to serve, we need not think we have nothing to offer. The Lord takes what we can offer and uses it for greatness in His “kingdom”. Do you believe that God the Father truly wants to work through, with, and in YOU – – for His glory?
As I just inferred, Jesus Christ is still speaking this same message to us today. We should strive to “fish”, and “catch” people for the “kingdom of God”. All we need do is to simply allow the light of Jesus Christ to shine in and through each of us personally, uniquely, and intimately. God the Father wants others to see the light of Christ in each of us in the way we live, speak, and witness to the joy of the “good news” in our daily lives. Paul the Apostles says:
“Thanks be to God, who always leads us in triumph in Christ and manifests through us the odor of the knowledge of him in every place. For we are the aroma of Christ for God among those who are being saved and among those who are perishing” (2 Corinthians 2:14-15).
Do you “witness” the joy of the Gospel to those you meet? Do you pray for your neighbors, co-workers, and relatives so they may come to know Our Lord Jesus Christ and to grow in knowing of His love?
Jesus calls us to seek the true “good” and “light” of each person, including those complicit in social sin. Let us testify that God’s justice flowing through and from us with love and joy:
“Good and upright is the LORD, therefore he shows sinners the way” (Psalm 25:8).
Let us turn from sin and invite others to journey with us on the way to the “fulfillment” of, and in, God’s “kingdom”.
For me, Mark’s Gospel is conveyed with a great feeling of urgency and immediacy. Jesus Christ is a person of “action”, and events in Mark’s Gospel occur in rapid succession. Time is of essence; the fishermen “immediately” put aside their livelihood to become Jesus’ first “Apostles”. The “Kingdom of God” is here and now!! The “time of fulfillment” is here and now!! How might your life be different if you more fully shared this sense of immediacy in God fulfilling His “kingdom” with Jesus’ “Second Coming” (the Parousia)? (The fuse is lit! Are you ready for the “big bang”?)
Think of circumstances in which you have had to “drop everything.” It could be the call to pick up a sick child from school, the cry of a hurt or angry child, or something else. How did you feel about having to change your plans in each of these situations? How do you feel when someone asks you to drop everything to help him or her? For many, it is not easy to drop everything in order to respond to the needs of another.
Imagine what Jesus’ presence and invitation to these first followers must have been like. Remember, they “immediately” responded by leaving their business, their occupation, and their livelihood, to become one of His disciples. How might OUR life change if we understood the “Kingdom of God” to be as important and immediate in our lives as did these first disciples? Let’s ask God to help each of us personally experience and encounter the “Kingdom of God with such immediacy as these first disciples.
Here I am Lord!!
“The Our Father”
My reason and purpose for this section on my blog is to provide “scriptural confirmation” for our beliefs and doctrines, not to cause dissention or opposition with my fellow believers in Jesus Christ, yet not in union with the Roman Catholic Church. Whether God speaks to us through the “Bible”, or through “Tradition”, it is the Holy Spirit that inspires the “Word” from which all authentic tradition flows.
Tradition can be separated into two aspects: oral and behavioral. Oral tradition includes written forms. After all, it ALL started with oral tradition. Behavioral tradition includes Baptism, Eucharist or Lord’s Supper, Lying on of hands or healing, Intercessory prayer, and Ordination.
All Scriptural verses are taken from both the Revised Standard Version: Catholic Edition of the Holy Bible and the King James Version of the Holy Bible.
Christ’s Divinity, Part 1:
“For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government will be upon his shoulder, and his name will be called ‘Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace’” (Isaiah. 9:6). RSV
“For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.” (Isaiah. 9:6). KJV
“Simon Peter replied, ‘You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.’ And Jesus answered him, ‘Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jona! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven’” (Matthew 16:16-17). RSV
“Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.” (Matthew 16:16-17). KJV
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God” (John 1:1). RSV
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God”. (John 1:1). KJV
When Jesus deliberately began his “journey” to death, Luke says that he “set his face” to go to Jerusalem. It is this quality of rocklike courage that distinguishes the martyrs.
Most of what we know about this saint comes from the poet Prudentius. His Acts have been rather freely colored by the imagination of their compiler. But St. Augustine, in one of his sermons on St. Vincent, speaks of having the Acts of his martyrdom before him. We are at least sure of his name, his being a deacon, the place of his death and burial.
According to the story we have (and as with some of the other early martyrs the unusual devotion he inspired must have had a basis in a very heroic life), Vincent was ordained deacon by his friend St. Valerius of Zaragossa in Spain. The Roman emperors had published their edicts against the clergy in 303, and the following year against the laity. Vincent and his bishop were imprisoned in Valencia. Hunger and torture failed to break them. Like the youths in the fiery furnace (Book of Daniel, chapter three), they seemed to thrive on suffering.
Valerius was sent into exile, and Dacian, the Roman governor, now turned the full force of his fury on Vincent. Tortures that sound like those of World War II were tried. But their main effect was the progressive disintegration of Dacian himself. He had the torturers beaten because they failed.
Finally he suggested a compromise: Would Vincent at least give up the sacred books to be burned according to the emperor’s edict? He would not. Torture on the gridiron continued, the prisoner remaining courageous, the torturer losing control of himself. Vincent was thrown into a filthy prison cell—and converted the jailer. Dacian wept with rage, but strangely enough, ordered the prisoner to be given some rest.
Friends among the faithful came to visit him, but he was to have no earthly rest. When they finally settled him on a comfortable bed, he went to his eternal rest.
Comment: The martyrs are heroic examples of what God’s power can do. It is humanly impossible, we realize, for someone to go through tortures such as Vincent had and remain faithful. But it is equally true that by human power alone no one can remain faithful even without torture or suffering. God does not come to our rescue at isolated, “special” moments. God is supporting the super-cruisers as well as children’s toy boats.
Quote: “Wherever it was that Christians were put to death, their executions did not bear the semblance of a triumph. Exteriorly they did not differ in the least from the executions of common criminals. But the moral grandeur of a martyr is essentially the same, whether he preserved his constancy in the arena before thousands of raving spectators or whether he perfected his martyrdom forsaken by all upon a pitiless flayer’s field” (The Roman Catacombs, Hertling-Kirschbaum).
Saint of the Day: Lives, Lessons and Feast
By Leonard Foley, O.F.M.;
revised by Pat McCloskey, O.F.M.
(From http://www.americancatholic.org website)
Create an image, in your mind, of St. Francis in prayer. What is he offering in prayer in your image?
St. Francis does not picture himself alone in loving God. He sees himself as a partner with all the members of the whole “Communion of Saints”. Is this a wholesome way to approach prayer and living the Christian faith?
22. The local fraternity is to be established canonically. It becomes the basic unit of the whole Order and a visible sign of the Church, the community of love. This should be the privileged place for developing a sense of Church and the Franciscan vocation and for enlivening the apostolic life of its members.
23. Requests for admission to the Secular Franciscan Order must be presented to the local fraternity, whose council decides upon the acceptance of new brothers and sisters.
Admission into the Order is gradually attained through a time of initiation, a period of formation of at least one year, and profession of the rule. The entire community is engaged in the process of growth by its own manner of living. The age for profession and the distinctive Franciscan sign are regulated by the statutes.
Profession by its nature is a permanent commitment.
Members who find themselves in particular difficulties should discuss their problems with the council in fraternal dialogue. Withdrawal or permanent dismissal from the Order, if necessary, is an act of the fraternity council according to the norm of the constitutions.