Second Sunday of Ordinary
- Dan’s Deliberations, Discoveries, & Declarations
- Today in Catholic History
- Quote of the Day
- Today’s Gospel Reading
- Gospel Reflection
- Reflection Prayer
- Catholic Apologetics
- A Franciscan’s Saint of the Day
- Franciscan Formation Reflection
- Reflection on part of the SFO Rule
Congrats to Cardinal-Elect Timothy Dolan, a St. Louis Native. I knew him when he was in St. Louis, and believed then he was destined for this position and honor. Maybe, with God’s grace, he could become the first American-born Pope.
I received this from a Facebook friend, Ray Sullivan, and simply had to pass it on to you.
We are the Cup:
The “act of pouring water into cup” is the infusion of Sanctifying Grace through the “act of baptizing” the person.
Commission of a “Venial Sin” causes the “water” in our “cup” to become “dirty”.
Commission of “Mortal Sin” causes the “water” to be poured out of our “cup”.
The “Act” of True Repentance via the “Sacrament of Reconciliation” allows “pure water” to be poured back into our “cup”.
In “Purgatory”, our “water” is poured through a heavenly-divine “filter” and “cleansed” (purified).
Finally, our “purpose” in life is to let Jesus’ “water” be in our “cup”. If there is no “water” in our “cup”, there is NO “SALVATION”.
† 570 – Death of Saint Ita, Irish nun (b. 475)
† 708 – Sisinnius begins his reign as Pope (dies 20 days later)
† 1535 – Henry VIII declares himself head of English Church
† 1844 – University of Notre Dame receives its charter from the state of Indiana.
† 1909 – Death of St. Arnold Janssen, S.V.D., missionary (b. 1837). He is best known for founding the Society of the Divine Word.
† 1918 – Birth of Édouard Gagnon, Canadian Roman Catholic Cardinal (d. 2007)
† 1920 – Birth of John J “Cardinal” O’Connor, Philadelphia, Roman Catholic Archbishop of NY
† 1973 – Pope Paul VI has an audience with Golda Meir at the Vatican
† 2000 – Death of Georges-Henri Lévesque, Canadian Dominican priest and sociologist (b. 1903)
† Feast/Memorials: St. Abeluzius in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
(From the “On This Day” Blog Site
“Today in Catholic History”
“Remember that God, under the Law, ordained a Lamb to be offered up to Him every Morning and Evening.” ~ Thomas Ken
Today’s reflection is about John the Baptist recognizing Jesus as “the Lamb of God”. Jesus also receives His first followers (Apostles).
(NAB John 1:35–42) 35 The next day John [the Baptist] was there again [Bethany across the Jordan] with two of his disciples, 36 and as he watched Jesus walk by, he said, “Behold, the Lamb of God.” 37 The two disciples heard what he said and followed Jesus. 38 Jesus turned and saw them following him and said to them, “What are you looking for?” They said to him, “Rabbi” (which translated means Teacher), “where are you staying?” 39 He said to them, “Come, and you will see.” So they went and saw where he was staying, and they stayed with him that day. It was about four in the afternoon. 40 Andrew, the brother of Simon Peter, was one of the two who heard John and followed Jesus. 41 He first found his own brother Simon and told him, “We have found the Messiah” (which is translated Anointed). 42 Then he brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, “You are Simon the son of John; you will be called Cephas” (which is translated Peter).
Today’s reading from John’s Gospel immediately follows John the Baptist’s testimony about Jesus and his identification of Jesus as the “Lamb of God”. Having been baptized by John [the Baptist], Jesus begins to gather His followers. The first followers actually “sought out” Jesus because of the testimony and witness of John the Baptist.
In today’s Gospel we also learn about a “sibling” relationship appearing among Jesus’ first disciples. Andrew was the brother of Simon, whom Jesus renamed “Cephas” (meaning “Rock” or “Peter”). In next Sunday’s Gospel, we will learn about another sibling relationship between the brothers “James” and “John”, the sons of Zebedee. We know from the letters of Paul (and other sources) that it was a common occurrence for an entire household to be “baptized” together. From the very beginning of the Christian Catholic Church, families helped one another to know and follow Jesus Christ. WOW, I hope and pray that this virtue of helping others to find Christ in their lives continues to be true in your personal life, personal mission, and personal avocation.
We are familiar with the “title” John the Baptist used for Jesus Christ – – the “Lamb of God” (verse 36). We hear it weekly at the “breaking of the bread” at Mass, just after the “sign of peace”. The title, “Lamb of God”, recalls key themes from Old Testament Scripture. It alludes to the “paschal lamb” offered as a sacrifice when God freed the Israelites from slavery in Egypt, the event commemorated at, and by, the Jewish Passover celebration. The designation, “Lamb of God”, also recalls the prophet Isaiah’s description of the “suffering servant” of Israel (cf., Iasaih 52:13 – 53:12):
“… It was our pain that he bore, our sufferings he endured. We thought of him as stricken, struck down by God and afflicted …” (Isaiah 53:4).
Let’s put this into perspective. The blood of the “Passover Lamb” rescued the Israelites – – in Egypt – – from death (cf., Exodus 12). Today, the blood of Jesus, the “true Passover Lamb” rescues US from everlasting death and destruction:
“The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him and said, ‘Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world.’” (John 1:29).
In using this “title” for Jesus, John the Baptist predicted Jesus’ “Passion” and death on the Cross. John the Baptist also foretold a new interpretation and understanding of “Passover”, beginning with Jesus’ “Last Supper”.
John the Baptist was eager to point beyond himself – – to Jesus Christ. He did not hesitate to direct his disciples to follow our Lord, Jesus Christ, the true “Messiah”. When two of John’s disciples began to seek Jesus out, Jesus took the initiative to invite them into His personal company and fellowship. Jesus did not wait for “Andrew” and “the other disciple” to come to HIM; Jesus actually met them halfway.
It is significant that John the Baptist was the son of a priest, “Zachariah”, who participated in the daily sacrifice of a lamb in the temple for the sins of the people (cf., Exodus 29). In Jesus Christ, John the Baptist saw the “true” and “only” sacrifice delivering us from the death of sin.
“The two disciples heard what he said and followed Jesus.” (John1:37)
We know the one disciple was “Andrew” (John 1:40). Traditionally, the other disciple was “John”, son of Zebedee. “John” (the other disciple) is also the disciple believed to be the one whom “Jesus loved” throughout John’s Gospel:
“One of His disciples, the one whom Jesus loved, was reclining at Jesus’ side.” (John 13:23).
This same person, “John”, is mentioned through the Gospel of John as “the other disciple” or “another disciple”:
“Simon Peter and another disciple followed Jesus. Now the other disciple was known to the high priest, and he entered the courtyard of the high priest with Jesus.” (John 18:15);
“When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple there whom he loved, he said to his mother, ‘Woman, behold, your son.’” (John 19:26);
“So she ran and went to Simon Peter and to the other disciple whom Jesus loved, and told them, ‘They have taken the Lord from the tomb, and we don’t know where they put him.’” (John 20:2);
“So the disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, ‘It is the Lord.’ When Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he tucked in his garment, for he was lightly clad, and jumped into the sea.” (John 21:7).
Jesus asked Andrew and John the fundamental question concerning themselves and everlasting life: “What are you looking for?” What were they looking for – – in Jesus Christ, and, what were they aiming to get out of their (and His) personal life? Do you realize Jesus asks each of us the very same question: “What are you looking for?” So, what are you aiming for in your personal life; and what are you trying to get out of life?
Besides the statement, “What are you looking for?”, why did John stress “the time” in today’s reading:
“Four in the afternoon” (John 1:39).
Well, “four in the afternoon” is literally the “tenth hour” of the “day”, when daytime starts at 6 am. Sunset was considered the start of a new day – – the common way of determining when a day started and ended during Jesus’ time period. So, with this in mind, the next day – – Saturday beginning at sunset (at 6 pm) – – was the Jewish “Sabbath day”, making travel impossible for the devout and pious Jew. Thus, Andrew and John would have stayed with Jesus in order to avoid breaking Jewish law by travelling on “the Sabbath”.
Jesus invites each of us to “come and see” (verse 39) for ourselves that His word is true and everlasting. “Come and see” is God’s personal invitation to each of us, for coming together and being in communion with the “One” who created us – – in love – – for love itself!! It is God the Father who initiates contact with us, regardless of our disposition to His invite. It is God the Father who wishes to draw us to Himself. Without His grace, mercy, love, and help, we cannot find Him!
When we discover something very important and valuable, it is natural to want to share it with those closest to us. Andrew immediately went to his brother, “Simon”, telling him the “good news” of his discovery, Jesus, the true “Messiah”. It didn’t take much to get Simon to “come and see” who Jesus was. Jesus reached out to Simon in the same way he did to Andrew earlier. He not only addressed Simon by his personal name, but also gave Simon a “new” name which signified the “call” and “covenant” God the Father had for Simon himself.
Andrew, in today’s reading, tells his brother, “Simon Peter”, that he had found the “Messiah” (John 1:41). What was he actually saying by this “word”? “Messiah” is the Hebrew word for the “anointed one” promised in Holy Scripture:
“For today in the city of David a savior has been born for you who is Messiah and Lord.” (Luke 2:11),
“When they had gathered together they asked him, ‘Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?’” (see Acts 1:6).
In John’s Gospel, the word “Messiah” appears only here and in John 4:25:
“The woman said to him, ‘I know that the Messiah is coming, the one called the Anointed; when he comes, he will tell us everything.” (John 4:25).
Elsewhere, John uses the Greek translation “Christos” (Christ) instead.
“John” is Hebrew for “God is Gracious”. However, Jesus changes “Simon’s” name to the Aramaic, “Cephas” (Peter), which translates to “the Rock”:
“So I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it.” (Matthew 16:18).
Interesting for me is that neither the Greek equivalent “Petros” (Peter), nor “Cephas”, is used as a personal name prior to Jesus Christ’s time.
“Cephas” or “Peter” literally means “rock”. To call someone a “rock” was one of the greatest compliments in Jesus’ earthly time period. An ancient rabbinic saying declares that when God saw Abraham, He exclaimed: “I discovered a rock to found the world upon“. Through Abraham, God the Father established a “chosen nation” for Himself. Through faith, love, and hope “Cephas” understood who Jesus truly was – – the “Anointed One” (Messiah and Christ) AND the Only-Begotten “Son of God the Father”.
How did John know the true identity of Jesus as the “Messiah”? The Holy Spirit revealed to John Jesus’ “true nature” as being the literal “Son of God”. How can we be certain that Jesus is truly the “Christ”, the “Son of the God”? The Holy Spirit makes Him known to us through the same gift of faith, hope, and love which He gave to John, Andrew, and the other “Apostles”. God the Father gives His Holy Spirit freely to us, so that we may know and understand the “great mystery” and plan of God the Father in uniting ALL His creations in, with, and through His Only-Begotten Son, our Lord Jesus Christ.
“Like living stones, let yourselves be built into a spiritual house to be a holy priesthood to offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.” (1 Peter 2:5).
Faith in Jesus Christ makes us into “living” rocks or spiritual stones. The Holy Spirit gives us the gift of faith, love, and hope to know, understand, and realize Jesus uniquely, personally, and intimately. The Holy Spirit gives us the power to live the “Good News” of Jesus Christ – – the Gospel – – faithfully. The Holy Spirit gives us the courage to witness to others the joy and truth of the Jesus’ “Good News”. The Lord Jesus Christ is ever and always ready to draw us near to Himself. Do you seek to grow in the knowledge and love of Jesus OUR Lord? I know “I DO”!!! I believe YOU do as well!!
In conclusion, we learn in today’s reading how Jesus’ first followers were gathered. The first two, “Andrew” and “another man” (Simon Peter), were initially followers of John the Baptist; but after hearing John’s [the Baptist] testimony, they became disciples of Jesus Christ.
If you heard Jesus cal your name today, would you respond, “Here I am“? Would you say, “I’m listening“? Would you be able to answer clearly and readily if Jesus asked you: “What are you looking for?” Would you try to pretend you didn’t hear Him?, or respond: “I’ll get back to you later!”?
“Jesus turned and saw them following him and said to them, ‘What are you looking for?’ They said to him, ‘”Rabbi”, where are you staying?’” (John 1:38).
However, they did accept Jesus’ personal invitation to “Come and you will see“:
“He said to them, ‘Come, and you will see.’ So they went and saw where he was staying, and they stayed with him that day.” (John 1:39).
They were so attracted by what they saw and heard, Andrew hastened to his blood-brother, “Simon”, declaring he had found the true “Messiah”. He took Simon directly to Jesus, who recognizing Simon as a leader, changed his name to “Cephas” (Peter). This was a life-changing event for these disciples who listened, who responded to Jesus’ invitation to “come and see”, and who found what their hearts, minds, and souls were looking for.
During their time with Jesus, “Andrew” and “the other follower” realized and truly believed that Jesus was the prophesied “Messiah”. Andrew then brings his brother, Simon, to Jesus. This makes three disciple followers: Andrew, John, and Simon). Immediately upon meeting Simon face-to-face, Jesus gave him a new name, “Cephas”. This renaming of “Simon” to “Cephas” (Rock, or Peter) is reported in all four Gospels (A true rarity indeed!).
In the dialogue between the first two “Apostles” (“Andrew” and “the other disciple” [John]) AND Jesus Christ, the “Messiah”, we see an example of the usual “pattern” for first-century Jewish Rabbinical schools. In this pattern, Jews sought out Rabbis they “connected with”, and established themselves as disciples of this particular Rabbi. Jesus appears to have been truly “unique, noticeable, and distinctive, for He “sought out” individuals as well, inviting them to be His followers – – again, another “opposite” to the established “tradition”. In the passage following today’s reading, John’s Gospel tells us how Jesus took the initiative in calling Philip and Nathanael (Apostles to be: five and six).
In verse 3 of today’s Gospel Jesus asks Andrew and the other disciple, “What are you looking for?” I have already written that this is a “fundamental” question. I now also see it is also a significant and revealing question: one which we might often ask of ourselves. John the Baptist testified to Jesus’ identity, the “Lamb of God”, using the framework of the Old Testament to do so. Andrew, Simon, and the other four disciples were looking for the true “Messiah”, whom they also came to know as the “Son of God the Father”. What do you look for and what do you find in Jesus Christ, the true “Son of God”, OUR “Messiah”?
Look around your house and gather some items reminding you of your faith. Perhaps you have a cross or crucifix displayed in your home, a statue of Mary, other statues, or other art depicting saints. In today’s Gospel we learn about how Andrew led his brother, Simon, to Jesus. In a true Catholic family life, we also help to lead one another to find and keep Jesus Christ in our hearts, minds, and souls continuously. Look at the items you have just gathered. What do these items mean to you? How might you use them in your personal prayer life? Pray that you will continue to help all you meet to grow in hope, love, and faith, in and for Jesus Himself!
Since we are human, therefore imperfect and sinful, it may take us some time to get the right message into our “closed” minds. However, as Paul reminds each of us:
“Your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God” (1 Corinthians 6:19).
Both our body and soul are magnificent gifts from God the Father. Saint Francis is accredited with the following:
“Consider, O man, how great the excellence in which the Lord has placed you because He has created and formed you to the image of His beloved Son according to the body and to His own likeness according to the spirit.” (Saint Francis of Assisi, “The Writings of Saint Francis of Assisi” , Admonition #5)
As we reflect on today’s readings, we ought to use our “ears” for listening to God’s voice present in our hearts. We should hear His “voice” in the cries of the poor and marginalized. We should use our eyes for seeing Jesus in the sick, the imprisoned, the hungry, the violated, and the oppressed. May the Holy Spirit – – present within us – – inspire us to cry out loudly, “Here I am, Lord; I come to do your will, and to serve you always!!” May our hearts continue to grow to learn, to understand, and to know the following:
We have already found – – what we seek!!
“Lamb of God”
My reason and purpose for this section on my blog is to provide “scriptural confirmation” for our beliefs and doctrines, not to cause dissention or opposition with my fellow believers in Jesus Christ, yet not in union with the Roman Catholic Church. Whether God speaks to us through the “Bible”, or through “Tradition”, it is the Holy Spirit that inspires the “Word” from which all authentic tradition flows.
Tradition can be separated into two aspects: oral and behavioral. Oral tradition includes written forms. After all, it ALL started with oral tradition. Behavioral tradition includes Baptism, Eucharist or Lord’s Supper, Lying on of hands or healing, Intercessory prayer, and Ordination.
All Scriptural verses are taken from both the Revised Standard Version: Catholic Edition of the Holy Bible and the King James Version of the Holy Bible.
“Then God said, ‘Let us make man in our image, after our likeness ...’” (Genesis 1:26). RSV
“And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness …” (Genesis 1:26). KJV
“Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit“ (Matthew 28:19). RSV
“Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.” (Matthew 28:19). KJV
“The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all” (2 Corinthians. 13:14). RSV
“The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all.” (2 Corinthians. 13:14) KJV
Paul was reportedly born in Egypt, where he was orphaned by age 15. He was also a learned and devout young man. During the persecution of Decius in Egypt in the year 250, Paul was forced to hide in the home of a friend. Fearing a brother-in-law would betray him, he fled in a cave in the desert. His plan was to return once the persecution ended, but the sweetness of solitude and heavenly contemplation convinced him to stay.
He went on to live in that cave for the next 90 years. A nearby spring gave him drink, a palm tree furnished him clothing and nourishment. After 21 years of solitude a bird began bringing him half of a loaf of bread each day. Without knowing what was happening in the world, Paul prayed that the world would become a better place.
St. Anthony of Egypt [January 17] attests to his holy life and death. Tempted by the thought that no one had served God in the wilderness longer than he, Anthony was led by God to find Paul and acknowledge him as a man more perfect than himself. The raven that day brought a whole loaf of bread instead of the usual half. As Paul predicted, Anthony would return to bury his new friend.
Thought to have been about 112 when he died, Paul is known as the “First Hermit.” His feast day is celebrated in the East; he is also commemorated in the Coptic and Armenian rites of the Mass.
Comment: The will and direction of God are seen in the circumstances of our lives. Led by the grace of God, we are free to respond with choices that bring us closer to and make us more dependent upon the God who created us. Those choices might at times seem to lead us away from our neighbor. But ultimately they lead us back both in prayer and in fellowship to one another.
Saint of the Day: Lives, Lessons and Feast
By Leonard Foley, O.F.M.;
revised by Pat McCloskey, O.F.M.
(From http://www.americancatholic.org website)
What topics did Saint Francis tell his “friars” to preach about?
(Poverty, Obedience, the Gospel, Love, etc.)
Are these topics foundational for the “universal call to holiness”?
Is our generation in need of such “Words”? WHY?
15. Let them individually and collectively be in the forefront in promoting justice by the testimony of their human lives and their courageous initiatives. Especially in the field of public life, they should make definite choices in harmony with their faith.
16. Let them esteem work both as a gift and as a sharing in the creation, redemption, and service of the human community.