The “Epiphany” of the Lord
- Dan’s Deliberations, Discoveries, & Declarations
- Today in Catholic History
- Quote of the Day
- Today’s Gospel Reading
- Gospel Reflection
- Reflection Prayer
- Catholic Apologetics
- A Franciscan’s Saint of the Day
- Franciscan Formation Reflection
- Reflection on part of the SFO Rule
“Blessing of a Home at Epiphany”
Leader: Peace be to this house.
Leader: Bless, O Lord, this household and family, and allow all of us who live in this home to find in it a shelter of peace and health. Inspire each of us to develop our individual talents and to contribute wisdom and good works for the benefit of the whole family. Make our house a haven for us all, and a place of warmth and caring for all our friends who come to visit us. Enlighten us with the brilliance of your Epiphany star, so that, as we go into the world, we might clearly see our way to You and discover You in our work and play. This we ask to your glory and in the power of your kingship. All: For yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory now and forever, Amen.
Then, bless the house with the sign of the cross.
After the blessing, the initials of the Magi (traditional names: Caspar, Melchior, and Balthazar) are written with chalk over the main door way of the house, like this: 20 + C + M + B + 12 (the + is a cross; the “12” stands for 2012; change the year accordingly).
Adapted from commonly used parish prayer
† 482 – Death of Severinus, German monastery founder/saint, dies
† 1100 – Death of Antipope Clement III (b. 1029)
† 1198 – Death of Coelestinus III (aka, Pope Celestine III), [Giacinto Bobo], pope (1191-98)
† 1198 – Lotario di Segni elected Pope Innocentius III
† 1456 – Death of St Lawrence Justinian, Italian bishop and first Patriarch of Venice (b. 1381)
† 1635 – Birth of Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero, Spanish Archbishop of Toledo (d. 1709)
† 1735 – Birth of John Carroll, American Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1815)
† 1892 – Death of John Heykamp, old-catholic archbishop of Utrecht, dies at age 67
† 1894 – Birth of St Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr (d. 1941)
† 1904 – Pope Pius X banned low cut dresses in the presence of churchmen
† 1905 – Birth of Franjo Cardinal Seper, Croatian Catholic cardinal (d. 1981)
† 1932 – Death of Eurosia Fabris, Italian Catholic (b. 1866) † Feasts/Memorials: Our Lady of Prompt Succor in the Roman Catholic Church.
(From the “On This Day” Blog Site
“Today in Catholic History”
“The wise man in the storm prays to God, not for safety from danger, but deliverance from fear” ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson
Today’s reflection is about the Magi seeking out the child Jesus and doing Him homage
(NAB Matthew 2:1-12) 1When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, in the days of King Herod, behold, magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, 2 saying, “Where is the newborn king of the Jews? We saw his star at its rising and have come to do him homage.” 3 When King Herod heard this, he was greatly troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. 4 Assembling all the chief priests and the scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Messiah was to be born. 5 They said to him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for thus it has been written through the prophet: 6 ‘And you, Bethlehem, land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; since from you shall come a ruler, who is to shepherd my people Israel.’” 7 Then Herod called the magi secretly and ascertained from them the time of the star’s appearance. 8 He sent them to Bethlehem and said, “Go and search diligently for the child. When you have found him, bring me word, that I too may go and do him homage.” 9 After their audience with the king they set out. And behold, the star that they had seen at its rising preceded them, until it came and stopped over the place where the child was. 10 They were overjoyed at seeing the star, 11 and on entering the house they saw the child with Mary his mother. They prostrated themselves and did him homage. Then they opened their treasures and offered him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. 12 And having been warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed for their country by another way.
“Mary [Jesus’ mother] leads us to Christ, but Christ leads us back to His mother, for without Mary’s maternity, Jesus would become a mere abstraction to us. The Lord wills to ‘let His face shine upon’ us through the face of the Mother of God. We ‘serve a Mother who seems to grow more beautiful as new generations rise up and call her blessed.’” (G.K. Chesterton)
The word “Epiphany” means “manifestation” or “showing forth.” Historically several moments in Jesus Christ’s early life and earthly ministry have been celebrated as “epiphanies,” including His birth in Bethlehem, the visit of the Magi, His baptism by His cousin John, and His first miracle at the Cana wedding feast.
In Matthew’s Gospel, the visit of the “Magi” occurs immediately prior to the story of the Holy Family’s flight into Egypt. It is apparent Matthew tells a different version (actually, just a different viewpoint or emphasis) of Jesus’ life than what is written in Luke’s Gospel. Of the infancy narrative – – covering the actual birth of Jesus Christ, – – Matthew barely tells us little more than:
“When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, in the days of King Herod.” (Matthew 2:1)
Other differences in covering Jesus Christ’s infancy event, between Matthew and Luke, are found in the:
(1) Census being addressed only in Luke’s Gospel, and
(2) Visit of the “Magi” only being confirmed in Matthew’s Gospel (today’s reading).
The future rejection of Jesus by His own people, “Israel”; AND Jesus’ acceptance by the “Gentiles” (the perceived “heathens” by Jewish faithful) are projected backwards (actually, retrojected) into the scene and circumstances of today’s reading.
If Jesus truly is who He claims to be, “the eternal ‘Son’ of God the Father, and ‘Savior’ of the world”, then why was He not recognized by everyone who hears His “Word” and sees His works? John the Evangelist states that when Jesus came into the world:
“The world knew him not and His own people received him not.” (John 1:10-11)
Jesus was born in unassuming obscurity. Only the lowly shepherds recognized Him at His birth. However, some “Magi” also found their way to Bethlehem to pay homage to the newborn “King” of Israel. These men were not Israelites, but were instead “outside” foreigners. Nevertheless, they were likely well-versed in “Messianic prophecies”, and were anxious to see the “great” Messianic King when He appeared.
What are “Magi” anyway? Well, “Magi” was a designation originally used for a Persian priestly social order at one time. However, over a period of time the word became used generally for anyone regarded as having “more than human knowledge” (Hence, the term the term frequently used for them: “Wise Men”). We get our word “magic” from this root word. Matthew’s “Magi”, from the “east” (possibly the area of Babylon in present day Iraq), were probably astrologers as they obviously saw things in the heavenly skies that others seemingly – – and apparently – – quite easily overlooked.
We know little about the Magi. We know they came from “the east” and journeyed to Bethlehem, following a “heavenly” astrological sign (the star) which was of some type of “divine importance” to them. God the Father led them by means of an extraordinary celestial “happening” across the desert to the little town, Bethlehem, wherein, Jesus was born in a lowly manger. In their diligent search these “three Kings” were led to the source of true knowledge — to Jesus Christ, the Light and Wisdom of God the Father. When they found the newborn King they humbly worshiped Him and gave Him gifts fitting for a “King”.
What fueled the Magi’s search for this Messianic King? It was a confident and assured faith in the promise God the Father gave to send a Redeemer, a “King” who would establish God the Father’s reign of peace and righteousness:
“Days are coming when I will raise up a righteous branch for David; as king he shall reign and govern wisely, he shall do what is just and right in the land. In his days Judah shall be saved, Israel shall dwell in security. This is the name to be given him: ‘The LORD our justice.’” (Jeremiah 23:5-6)
We base the number of “Magi” as “three” solely on the naming of the “three gifts”, but the actual number of magi that paid “homage” is truly unknown to us. My question: Was it Matthew’s intention to use these men of “strange lands” to represent the Gentiles’ search for a Messianic Savior? In essence, the Magi represent the rest of the world, as a whole. In such, they are representative of OUR search for Jesus in our own lives.
There is a couple of Old Testament verses which may be used to infer the “Magi” as being “kings”.
“May the kings of Tarshish and the islands bring tribute, the kings of Arabia and Seba offer gifts. Long may he live, receiving gold from Arabia, prayed for without cease, blessed day by day.” (Psalm 72:10, 15)
“Caravans of camels shall fill you, dromedaries from Midian and Ephah; All from Sheba shall come bearing gold and frankincense, and proclaiming the praises of the LORD.” (Isaiah 60:6)
These Magi “from far away” foreign lands, – – yet still possessing advanced knowledge of Jewish faith, practices, traditions, and writings, – – “saw His star”. It was a common belief among nearly all in the ancient Middle East that a “new star” would appear at the time of any ruler’s birth: be it secular or religious. For this reason, I believe Matthew drew upon his knowledge of the Old Testament story in which Balaam had prophesied:
“A star shall advance from Jacob, & a staff shall rise from Israel” (Numbers 24:17)
However, the “star” in this case means the Messiah King Himself [Jesus Christ], and not an astronomical happening in the Middle East.
For me, what is interesting is that neither King Herod, nor His trusted officials recognized the “Word” being written in the heavenly stars. King Herod (the Great) reigned from about 37 B.C. to 4 B.C. Per Wikipedia, he may have been an “Edomite”, who is an Arab from the region between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. Herod was described by the 1st century A.D. Roman-Jewish historian Josephus Flavius as “a madman who murdered his own family and a great many rabbis.” However, King Herod was also known for his colossal building projects in Jerusalem, and elsewhere in his kingdom, including the rebuilding of the Second Temple in Jerusalem (sometimes referred to as Herod’s Temple).
Herod had a “say what” moment upon listening to the “Magi”. He was confused and concerned about his lack of knowledge AND getting no preemptive warning about this “NEW” king in “his” territory. He was also concerned about his future welfare, prestige, and life, with a “Messiah” king, again, in “his” territory. So, he immediately calls ALL his chief advisors, priests, and “scientists” to his personal presence. (Hmm, Biblical pagers, cell phones, and sirens were going off throughout his kingdom!)
Herod’s consultations with the Temple leaders (the chief priests and Scribes), astrologers, and scientists of his realm had a very strong similarity to the following “Jewish non-biblical legend” (per NAB footnote). This story is about a child (later learned to be Moses), in which the “sacred scribes” warn the Pharaoh about an imminent birth of “one” who will deliver Israel from Egypt. In this story, the Pharaoh king makes plans to destroy him. (WOW!!!! Moses and Jesus have nearly identical infancy stories. I believe this is one reason why Jesus is oft called the “New Moses.”)
The “three kings” travel to Bethlehem, from King Herod’s presence, in response to prophetic Hebrew Scriptures, which the “chief priests and scribes” also shared with these first Gentile believers through an unlikely envoy: Herod:
“He sent them to Bethlehem and said, ‘Go and search diligently for the child. When you have found him, bring me word, that I too may go and do him homage.’” (Matthew 2:8).
Let’s Continue. Verse 11 from today’s reading offers a huge amount to ponder in itself:
“And on entering the house they saw the child with Mary his mother. They prostrated themselves and did him homage. Then they opened their treasures and offered him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh.” (Matthew 2:11)
These “Magi”, – – these three kings, – – willingly left everything they knew: their home, their homeland, as well as their friends and family, in an intensely personal search for knowing this “heavenly” announced “God”. They “followed a star” in pursuit of their personal quest of discovering and knowing true divinity — Jesus Christ. (They had the ultimate “Map of the Stars”, and did not have to buy it in Hollywood or on the internet either!)
In the midst of their activity, the three “Magi” serve as a model for contemplative listening. Whoa, – – what did I say?! Well, their action flowed directly from their personal – – and focused – – discernment of divine guidance. The “Magi” set out on their journey because they perceived the sign of their times in the star which announced:
“The newborn king of the Jews” (Matthew 2:2).
Can you see the three gifts the “Magi”, brought to the Holy Family, as being a foreshadowing of Jesus’ role in salvation history? I believe the meanings of their gifts are “Christological” (representing the spirit, character, and actions of Jesus Christ) in character, and as found in nature. “Gold” represents Jesus’ kingship. “Frankincense” is a symbol of His divinity (priests burned frankincense in the Temple). And “Myrrh” was used to prepare the dead for burial, and thus offered in anticipation of Jesus’ death. Jesus Christ “was”, “is”, and forever “will be”!!
So, “gold”, “frankincense”, and “myrrh” are understood as symbols of Jesus Christ’s royalty, divinity, and eventual suffering and death (for OUR salvation). In giving these special gifts, the “gold, frankincense, and myrrh”, to Jesus Christ Himself (and to us through His nature), the “Magi” (those unknown “Gentile” men from foreign lands and cultures) were the first to acknowledge “who” Jesus was [from birth]: our Savior KING!
To know and encounter Jesus Christ is to know the Godhead (Divine Trinity) personally. In the story of the “Magi” encountering the infant Jesus, we see God the Father’s personal plan for salvation to ALL nations and ALL peoples. This divine plan included giving His only-begotten Son, Jesus Christ, as King and Savior for ALL mankind (even those from far-away lands). God gave to us His truly and fully – – both human and divine – – personhood (in the singular), – – not solely for just the Jewish faithful, – – but for ALL people everywhere.
In addition to the gifts of “gold, frankincense, and myrrh”, they made a gift of their individual, unique, and personal “lives” with each step of their journey in search for the “Messiah King”. Matthew’s account of this event eloquently reveals the sincerity and depth of the three “Magi’s” search and quest:
“They were overjoyed at seeing the star” (Matthew2:10).
They “fulfilled” their individual and collective desires to meet this singular “King of Kings”.
And, after giving homage and gifts to the newborn infant “king”, Jesus Christ, they heeded the Lord’s message to them, in a dream, warning them not to return to Herod and “they departed for their country by another way“:
“Having been warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed for their country by another way” (Matthew 2:12).
Faith is an entirely free gift that God the Father makes and imparts to us. It is through the help of the Holy Spirit, – – who moves the individuals heart and opens the individuals soul and mind – – that we are able to understand, to accept, and to believe the real divine “truth” which the Godhead reveals to us personally, and uniquely. With “trust”, “love”, and “faith”, OUR human will and intellect cooperate with God the Father’s imparted grace to each of us:
“Believing is an act of the intellect assenting to the divine truth by command of the will moved by God through grace” (Thomas Aquinas).
To know and to encounter Jesus Christ is to know and encounter God (in the three Persons: the Godhead) personally and uniquely!! In the encounter of the Magi “Wise Men” “Kings” – – with and towards Jesus Christ – – we see the divine plan of God the Father giving His only-begotten Son as the Messiah King and Savior, – – not just for the Jewish people – – but for ALL the nations and ALL peoples. Jesus Christ came so both Jew and Gentile might find true and ever-lasting peace with God the Father AND each other.
In conclusion, the tradition of giving gifts at Christmas time is believed by some to have been established in the gift giving of the “Magi”. For this reason, in many cultures, even still today, gifts are exchanged on the “Feast of the Epiphany” instead of on Christmas Day. This makes me think, we should offer gifts to the newborn Jesus today – – and EVERY DAY – – in the form of our personal and public “SELVES”!! Our three “special” gift offerings should be praise, adoration, and thanksgiving for all He has done, all He is doing, and all He will do in our lives!
The way we devote our time; the way we interact with family and friends, neighbors and strangers, and other creatures and creations; and the way we regulate our material goods, can be signs of Christ’s “kingship” in our lives. Interiorly (and exteriorly), how can we offer our very “selves” more fully to God the Father’s love and personal plan He has for each of us, personally and collectively?
My question to each of you: Do you truly bring Jesus Christ to others in your personal path of life? Do you actively “LOOK” for Jesus Christ in others you encounter along your path of life, especially the ones you would prefer not to look upon? God loves it so dearly when we speak “Words” of love, and perform acts of blessing, hope, and encouragement as the norm instead of the exception. He rejoices when our “Words” and actions help to create a positive environment wherein tiny “mustard seeds” of faith can grow to beautiful blooming bushes and trees of immense size. (So, become the “spice” of life; enhance the flavor of God’s working in, with, and through you to OTHERS!)
Take some time to reflect on the tradition of “gift giving”. What was the best gift you have ever received, and what made it special for you? Was it the actual gift itself that making it special, was it the thought that went into it, or even the person who gave it to you making it special? (There are no “right or wrong” answers”, so don’t stress.) Do you bring the “light of Jesus Christ” to those you meet – – through the witness of your personal and public life, and through the witness of your personal and public testimony of, and to, Jesus Christ?
Please pray that you will also acknowledge Jesus Christ as your personal “Savior” in all that you do, say, and “impart” to others throughout your personal and public path in life. Let us ALL pray today that Jew and Gentile alike will find the “true” divine King and Savior, Jesus Christ, on each of their personal journeys path of life. Let us ALL become “Magi” in search of the true “Way, Truth, and Life”!!
“Epiphany Morning Prayer”
you revealed your Son to the nations
by the guidance of a star.
Lead us to your glory in heaven
by the light of faith.
We ask this through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son,
who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,
one God forever and ever. Amen”
The Liturgy of the Hours
My reason and purpose for this section on my blog is to provide “scriptural confirmation” for our beliefs and doctrines, not to cause dissention or opposition with my fellow believers in Jesus Christ, yet not in union with the Roman Catholic Church. Whether God speaks to us through the “Bible”, or through “Tradition”, it is the Holy Spirit that inspires the “Word” from which all authentic tradition flows.
Tradition can be separated into two aspects: oral and behavioral. Oral tradition includes written forms. After all, it ALL started with oral tradition. Behavioral tradition includes Baptism, Eucharist or Lord’s Supper, Lying on of hands or healing, Intercessory prayer, and Ordination.
All Scriptural verses are taken from both the Revised Standard Version: Catholic Edition of the Holy Bible and the King James Version of the Holy Bible.
Faith and Works
“So faith by itself, if it has no works, is dead.“ (James. 2:17). RSV
“So faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone.” (James. 2:17). KJV
“Do you want to be shown, you foolish fellow, that faith apart from works is barren? (James. 2:20). RSV
“But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?” (James. 2:20). KJV
“You see that a man is justified by works and not by faith alone.” (James. 2:24). RSV
“Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.” (James. 2:24). KJV
OFM Conventional (8 January 1894 – 14 August 1941)
Feastday: August 14
Maximilian was born in 1894 in Poland and became a Franciscan. He contracted tuberculosis and, though he recovered, he remained frail all his life. Before his ordination as a priest, Maximilian founded the Immaculata Movement devoted to Our Lady. After receiving a doctorate in theology, he spread the Movement through a magazine entitled “The Knight of the Immaculata” and helped form a community of 800 men, the largest in the world.
Maximilian went to Japan where he built a comparable monastery and then on to India where he furthered the Movement. In 1936 he returned home because of ill health. After the Nazi invasion in 1939, he was imprisoned and released for a time. But in 1941 he was arrested again and sent to the concentration camp at Auschwitz.
On July 31, 1941, in reprisal for one prisoner’s escape, ten men were chosen to die. Father Kolbe offered himself in place of a young husband and father. And he was the last to die, enduring two weeks of starvation, thirst, and neglect. He was canonized by Pope John Paul II in 1982. His feast day is August 14th.
Saint Maximilian Maria Kolbe was canonized on 10 October 1982 by Pope John Paul II, and declared a martyr of charity. He is the patron saint of drug addicts, political prisoners, families, journalists, prisoners, and the pro-life movement. Pope John Paul II declared him “The Patron Saint of Our Difficult Century”.
In Italian he is known as “San Massimiliano Maria Kolbe”; his given name in Polish is “Maksymilian”, in French, “Maximilien”.
Due to his efforts to promote Consecration and entrustment to Mary, he is known as the Apostle of Consecration to Mary.
From “Catholic Online” Website
“Our Mother Mary”
Reflect on the following Franciscan prayer”
“Holy Virgin Mary, among women there is no one like you born into the world: you are the daughter and the servant of the most high and supreme King and Father of heaven: you are the mother of our most holy Lord Jesus Christ, you are the spouse of the Holy Spirit. Pray for us with Saint Michael and the Archangel and all the powers of the heavens and all the saints to your most holy beloved Son, the Lord and Master. Amen”
What points of honor does Saint Francis call our attention to in his esteem of Mary? … And, in this antiphon?
Do you know how often this Antiphon to Mary was indicated to be used by the friars?
What does our SFO Rule, article 9 tell us?
“The Virgin Mary, humble servant of the Lord, was open to His every word and call. She was embraced by Francis with indescribable love and declared the protectress and advocate of his family. The Secular Franciscans should express their ardent love for her by imitating her complete self-giving and by praying earnestly and confidently.” (Article 9, SFO Rule)
08. As Jesus was the true worshipper of the Father, so let prayer and contemplation be the soul of all they are and do.
Let them participate in the sacramental life of the Church, above all the Eucharist. Let them join in liturgical prayer in one of the forms proposed by the Church, reliving the mysteries of the life of Christ.
09. The Virgin Mary, humble servant of the Lord, was open to His every word and call. She was embraced by Francis with indescribable love and declared the protectress and advocate of his family. The Secular Franciscans should express their ardent love for her by imitating her complete self-giving and by praying earnestly and confidently.