Fifth Sunday of Lent
- Dan’s Deliberations, Discoveries, & Declarations
- Today in Catholic History
- Joke of the Day
- Today’s Gospel Reading
- Reflection on Today’s Gospel
- New Translation of the Mass
- A Franciscan’s Saint of the Day
- Franciscan Formation Reflection
- Reflection on part of the SFO Rule
Dan’s Deliberations, Discoveries, & Declarations:
Yippee, the Government did not screech to a halt in such a way as to throw the earth off its rotational axis, as many feared. Yet sadly, Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) caved in on his promise to defund Planned Parenthood. Anti-abortion lawmakers did succeed however in blocking taxpayer-funded abortions in the District of Columbia (only 50 States to go).
President Obama succeeded in forcing Boehner, and other Republicans in Congress, to cave in on dozens of items including Planned Parenthood, while protecting favored programs like education, clean energy and medical research. Representative Boehner, I consider defunding Planned Parenthood as a favored endeavor, and of the utmost urgency!
Yes, the mutually agreed upon bill will remove close to $40 billion from the day-to-day budgets of certain domestic agencies over six months, – – the biggest rollback of such government programs in history. And yes, it will put the Cabinet operating budgets on a track closer to levels before President Obama took office in 2009. Yet we (the USA) are throwing God’s miracle in trashcans 3700 times daily, 1.37 million yearly (42 million worldwide)! Again, how SAD!!
Today in Catholic History:
† 847 – St Leo IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
† 1512 – Pope Julius II opens 5th Council of Lateranen
† 1585 – Death of Gregory XIII, [Ugo Buoncampagni], (b. 1502), Italian Pope (1572-85)
† 1704 – Death of William Egon of Fürstenberg, Bishop of Strassburg (b. 1629)
† 1821 – Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople is hanged by the Turks from the main gate of the Patriarchate and his body is thrown into the Bosphorus.
† 1921 – Birth of Peter Herbert Penwarden, priest
† Feasts/Memorials: Saint Fulbert of Chartres; James, Azadanus and Abdicius; Saint Paternus
(From the “On This Day” Blog Site
“Today in Catholic History”
Joke of the Day:
Ben: Dad, why doesn’t the bible say anything about the other three persons that Jesus raised from the dead at the same time as Lazarus?
Dad: Where did you learn that there were three other persons? Lazarus was the only one in that bible story.
Ben: Well Dad, in the bible it says that there were at least four people.
Dad: Where does it say that in the bible?
Ben: Right here Dad (showing him his bible), it says “Lazarus came forth”!
Today’s reflection is about the raising of Lazarus from the dead.
(NAB John 11:1-45) 1 Now a man was ill, Lazarus from Bethany, the village of Mary and her sister Martha. 2 Mary was the one who had anointed the Lord with perfumed oil and dried his feet with her hair; it was her brother Lazarus who was ill. 3 So the sisters sent word to him, saying, “Master, the one you love is ill.” 4 When Jesus heard this he said, “This illness is not to end in death, but is for the glory of God, that the Son of God may be glorified through it.” 5 Now Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus. 6 So when he heard that he was ill, he remained for two days in the place where he was. 7 Then after this he said to his disciples, “Let us go back to Judea.” 8 The disciples said to him, “Rabbi, the Jews were just trying to stone you, and you want to go back there?” 9 Jesus answered, “Are there not twelve hours in a day? If one walks during the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world. 10 But if one walks at night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him.” 11 He said this, and then told them, “Our friend Lazarus is asleep, but I am going to awaken him.” 12 So the disciples said to him, “Master, if he is asleep, he will be saved.” 13 But Jesus was talking about his death, while they thought that he meant ordinary sleep. 14 So then Jesus said to them clearly, “Lazarus has died. 15 And I am glad for you that I was not there, that you may believe. Let us go to him.” 16 So Thomas, called Didymus, said to his fellow disciples, “Let us also go to die with him.” 17 When Jesus arrived, he found that Lazarus had already been in the tomb for four days. 18 Now Bethany was near Jerusalem, only about two miles away. 19 And many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary to comfort them about their brother. 20 When Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went to meet him; but Mary sat at home. 21 Martha said to Jesus, “Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died. 22 (But) even now I know that whatever you ask of God, God will give you.” 23 Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise.” 24 Martha said to him, “I know he will rise, in the resurrection on the last day.” 25 Jesus told her, “I am the resurrection and the life; whoever believes in me, even if he dies, will live, 26 and everyone who lives and believes in me will never die. Do you believe this?” 27 She said to him, “Yes, Lord. I have come to believe that you are the Messiah, the Son of God, the one who is coming into the world.” 28 When she had said this, she went and called her sister Mary secretly, saying, “The teacher is here and is asking for you.” 29 As soon as she heard this, she rose quickly and went to him. 30 For Jesus had not yet come into the village, but was still where Martha had met him. 31 So when the Jews who were with her in the house comforting her saw Mary get up quickly and go out, they followed her, presuming that she was going to the tomb to weep there. 32 When Mary came to where Jesus was and saw him, she fell at his feet and said to him, “Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died.” 33 When Jesus saw her weeping and the Jews who had come with her weeping, he became perturbed and deeply troubled, 34 and said, “Where have you laid him?” They said to him, “Sir, come and see.” 35 And Jesus wept. 36 So the Jews said, “See how he loved him.” 37 But some of them said, “Could not the one who opened the eyes of the blind man have done something so that this man would not have died?” 38 So Jesus, perturbed again, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone lay across it. 39 Jesus said, “Take away the stone.” Martha, the dead man’s sister, said to him, “Lord, by now there will be a stench; he has been dead for four days.” 40 Jesus said to her, “Did I not tell you that if you believe you will see the glory of God?” 41 So they took away the stone. And Jesus raised his eyes and said, “Father, I thank you for hearing me. 42 I know that you always hear me; but because of the crowd here I have said this, that they may believe that you sent me.” 43 And when he had said this, he cried out in a loud voice, “Lazarus, come out!” 44 The dead man came out, tied hand and foot with burial bands, and his face was wrapped in a cloth. So Jesus said to them, “Untie him and let him go.” 45 Now many of the Jews who had come to Mary and seen what he had done began to believe in him.
Today’s the second longest continuous Gospel narrative in John’s Gospel read at Mass throughout the Liturgical year. The only Gospel reading longer is the passion narrative. This reading invites us to reflect upon what it means to call Jesus the “Resurrection and the life”. The raising of Lazarus from the dead is also the climax of Jesus’ signs (miracles) before His own death and resurrection. This Gospel reading directly leads up to the decision by the Sanhedrin to eliminate (kill) Jesus out of fear and jealousy and precipitated the literal fulfillment of Hebrew prophesies found in Isaiah and elsewhere.
A theme of “life” predominates throughout this reading. Lazarus (His name means “God is my help”) is a symbol of the real “life” that Jesus – – through His death and resurrection – – will give to all who believe in Him. Just think of the irony in the Lazarus story: Jesus’ gift of life to His friend (and to all of us) will ultimately and directly lead to His own death on the Holy Tree of redemption.
Through Lazarus’ sickness and subsequent death, God brought glory in, and to, Jesus, His only begotten Son. Jesus, who raised His friend from the dead, did so in an anticipation of His own death and resurrection. We should remember these two events (Lazarus’s and Jesus’ resurrections) this week in our participation at the Eucharist, which was given to us as a foretaste of Jesus’ “transfiguration” of OUR bodies, at the Parousia, His appearing and full presence – – His second coming.
The background of today’s story, – – the raising of Lazarus, – – is the Jewish leaders’ growing animosity toward Jesus. He had been in Jerusalem, taking part in the “feast of the Dedication”, which we now call, “Hanukkah”, the “feast of Lights”. The Jewish people had been pushing him to declare plainly whether or not He was the true “Messiah” prophesized. Jesus tells them to look to His works (and not faith alone), which will testify to His coming from God (for our sake). Many do not believe Jesus, and a number of them try to stone Him for the [false] sin/crime of “blasphemy”, claiming equality with God the Father.
While Jesus is evading those choosing to do Him harm, word is sent to Him that His friend is ill; yet He delays His journey, purposefully, for two days. The delay heightens the drama when He eventually arrives in Bethany. The delay also shows Jesus’ obedience to God, who is to be glorified through Jesus’ delay and Lazarus’s eventual resurrection.
The story of the raising of Lazarus is not found verbatim in the synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke). However, Luke does record another example of Jesus Christ demonstrating His compassion and His divine authority over life and death, as found in Luke 7:11-17:
“Soon afterward he journeyed to a city called Nain, and his disciples and a large crowd accompanied him. As he drew near to the gate of the city, a man who had died was being carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow. A large crowd from the city was with her. When the Lord saw her, he was moved with pity for her and said to her, ‘Do not weep.’ He stepped forward and touched the coffin; at this the bearers halted, and he said, ‘Young man, I tell you, arise!’ The dead man sat up and began to speak, and Jesus gave him to his mother. Fear seized them all, and they glorified God, exclaiming, ‘A great prophet has arisen in our midst,’ and ‘God has visited his people.’ This report about him spread through the whole of Judea and in all the surrounding region.” (Luke 7:11-17).
There is another parallel between the Lazarus story and Luke’s parable of the rich man and a “poor man” also named Lazarus:
“There was a rich man who dressed in purple garments and fine linen and dined sumptuously each day. And lying at his door was a poor man named Lazarus, covered with sores, who would gladly have eaten his fill of the scraps that fell from the rich man’s table. Dogs even used to come and lick his sores. When the poor man died, he was carried away by angels to the bosom of Abraham. The rich man also died and was buried, and from the netherworld, where he was in torment, he raised his eyes and saw Abraham far off and Lazarus at his side. And he cried out, ‘Father Abraham, have pity on me. Send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue, for I am suffering torment in these flames.’ Abraham replied, ‘My child, remember that you received what was good during your lifetime while Lazarus likewise received what was bad; but now he is comforted here, whereas you are tormented. Moreover, between us and you a great chasm is established to prevent anyone from crossing who might wish to go from our side to yours or from your side to ours.’ He said, ‘Then I beg you, father, send him to my father’s house, for I have five brothers, so that he may warn them, lest they too come to this place of torment.’ But Abraham replied, ‘They have Moses and the prophets. Let them listen to them.’ He said, ‘Oh no, father Abraham, but if someone from the dead goes to them, they will repent.’ Then Abraham said, ‘If they will not listen to Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded if someone should rise from the dead.‘” (Luke 16:19-31).
In both stories, a man named Lazarus dies. However, in Luke, there is a request that Lazarus return from the dead in order to convince his contemporaries of the need for faith and repentance, while in John, Lazarus does return inspiring a belief in the resurrection, and in Jesus Christ as the “Messiah”, in some among them.
Bethany was “about two miles” from Jerusalem as stated in verse 18 of today’s reading. In the original Greek, it was actually about fifteen “stades“. A stade was a measurement of 607 feet, so with using simple math, this would equate to 9105 feet, or just a tad bit over 1.7 miles. (Yes, I do love math, and yes I can be a little type “A” when it comes to the subject of math.)
Jesus loved Lazarus and his two sisters as dear friends, and He often stayed in their home at Bethany. So, why did Jesus delay in coming to Lazarus’ side when He knew that His friend was gravely ill?
In verse 4, upon hearing of Lazarus’s malady, Jesus says his illness “is not to end in death”. Do you think this statement was misunderstood by Jesus’ disciples as referring to a “physical”, human death of the body? In reality, Jesus meant a “NOT – – ending in death”, referring to another kind of death: spiritual death.
Jesus’ two day delay must have confused and mystified His followers. However, they seem to be more startled and upset when Jesus finally announced that He was going to Bethany, a town very close in proximity to Jerusalem. They saw this action as a “suicide” mission of sorts. Jesus’ followers (and most certainly Jesus) knew the religious authorities (the Pharisees, Sadducees, and Scribes) were set on eliminating the threat to them from Jesus.
For Jesus to come to a place as dangerous for Him as Jerusalem was, at this Passover time was, an act of courage and an act of total trust and love in His heavenly Father. Jesus’ explanation given to His disciples was simple and challenging at the same time:
“Are there not twelve hours in the day?” (John 11:9)
To paraphrase (a potentially dangerous thing to do with Holy Scripture), Jesus said: “There are enough hours in the day to do what one must do.” A day, in a chronological form, can never be shortened, lengthened, hurried, or slowed, for it is a fixed period of measurement. We each have our “day”, or “time”, whether it be short or long (even if it is only “15 minutes of fame”), if we look at a “day” as in the sequential form.
While time is limited chronologically, there is always enough time for us to accomplish what God intends for us to finish. Remember, God knows all, and gives each of us an allotted measure of human – – mortal – – life to do what is our part of God’s plan. So, the choice for us is either to waste it through personal self-gratification, or use it to the greatest ability for God’s glory in all we do and say.
Lazarus was “sick”. Sickness can befall us for a variety of reasons. Jesus attributed Lazarus’ sickness to the glory of God. The glory which Jesus had in mind, however, was connected with the Holy Cross – – The Holy Tree of Redemption. He saw the Holy Cross as His supreme glory – – and the path to glory in the kingdom of God. For Jesus there was no other path to glory except through the cross; this was God the Father’s plan for salvation, for Jesus Himself, for the whole family of Abraham, and for all people of all nations..
Jesus knew that if He went to help Lazarus He would expose himself to grave danger from those in Jerusalem who were plotting His destruction. Jesus was willing to pay that price to help His friend; to give His life for another. Jesus would explicitly declare this truth in what would be written a few chapters later in John’s Gospel:
“No one has greater love than this, to lay down one’s life for one’s friends.” (John 15:13)
Are you ready to give help – – to give your own life – – for your friend? That may seem like a relatively easy thing to do (emphasis is on the word “may”!). Now, let me throw out the proverbial “ringer”: as a Catholic, as a Christian, are you ready to give help? – – to give your own life? – – for one’s enemy?!!
Jesus did not segregate the two groups; and neither should we!
Jesus did not let circumstances or pressure dictate what He would do. Nor did He permit others to determine His actions or plan for salvation. He took actions on His own initiative and on His own schedule. How often do we try to get God to do things in our way and on our self-determined period of time? One of my favorite old-time sayings which I just made up is:
“We are on God’s time, and His pocket watch sticks occasionally!” (DEH, 2011)
Let’s go back to the reference about 12 hours in a day. Both the Romans and the Jews divided the day into twelve equal hours from sunrise to sunset. We would think of this division as starting around 6 AM and ending at 6 PM – – in accord with God’s natural sequence of light and dark. The day’s work and travel ceased when the daylight was gone – – when darkness fell over the earth. Jesus made a spiritual analogy using this concept of light and dark in our relationship with God.
Jesus is the “Light of the World”! He is the Son Shine that makes the Sunshine. Remember the words, “Let there be light” (Genesis 1:3). For those who do not believe in Him, “the light is not in him”! In the pre-modern scientific world of Jesus’ time, people apparently did not understand clearly the concept of light entering through the eye. They seem to have thought of light as being in the eye, as illustrated in Matthew’s and Luke’s Gospels:
“If your eye is bad, your whole body will be in darkness. And if the light in you is darkness, how great will the darkness be.” (Matthew 6:23).
“The lamp of the body is your eye. When your eye is sound, then your whole body is filled with light, but when it is bad, then your body is in darkness.” (Luke 11:34);
While the light of Christ is with us, and actually within us and surrounding us, then, as Paul says, we must live and walk in the truth and grace of His life, which is His light within us. Sometimes the light within us is darkness when we are not following Jesus Christ as we should, and we then experience the need to be reconciled with God the Father. There’s a perfect time to be reconciled with God – – NOW!!
When Jesus announced that when He was going to the region of Jerusalem after hearing of Lazarus’ death, Thomas showed remarkable courage, as shown in His words recorded by John:
“Thomas, called Didymus, said to his fellow disciples, “Let us also go to die with him.” (John 11:16)
This courage, however, was not tempered with faith, trust, and hope in God’s promise to bring a victory out of defeat – – a resurrection out of death. The proof for this statement is that even though Thomas was a witness to Lazarus’ resurrection, he later abandoned his master, teacher, and dear friend when Jesus was arrested. He doubted his master’s resurrection until Jesus appeared to him and showed him, directly, the wounds in His hands, feet, and side. (Hence, how the origin of the description “Doubting Thomas” came about.).
It is through faith, courage, trust, and love that we get the strength we need to persist through any worldly trial and/or suffering which confronts us in this human and mortal exile. If we embrace our personal crosses with faith, courage, trust, and love in God, we too will have the assurance that we will see victory and glory made possible through Jesus Christ, our personal and familial Savior.
When Martha and Mary met Jesus with weeping, they declared to Him that if He had been there, their brother Lazarus would not have died. They also expressed confidence and faith that God would do whatever Jesus would ask NOW. They TRUSTED God! They still TRUSTED Jesus Christ! They clearly affirmed their belief in Jesus Christ and in the resurrection of the dead “in the last days”.
Martha says that she believes Jesus to be “the Messiah”, “the Son of God”, and “the One”. All of these titles from verse 27 are a summary of the titles given to Jesus found in all the Gospels. As in any good book (get the pun), there is always a summary of facts just prior to the climax of the story. The use of these titles summarizes Jesus’ role as the “one” prophesized by Moses, coming to save the “chosen” people of God.
Interestingly for me, the shocking phrase, “became perturbed”, in the original Greek, literally means “He snorted in spirit“. Jesus’ “snort” is defined by Encarta Dictionary as a harsh sound produced by forcing air through the nostrils in order to express feelings, especially feelings of contempt or impatience. Jesus’ contemporaries were upset with His delay and His slow arrival in Bethany. But, Jesus too, was upset. He was obviously impatient at the presence of the evil of physical death present at this scene, and at the “professional” mourners who came from Jerusalem to cry attentively at Lazarus’ tomb. You know the old adage, “It’s not nice to fool with Mother Nature”, and I think it is even more ill-advised to get Jesus “perturbed” at you! A perturbed Jesus may even trump a perturbed wife; something I personally know well (without even trying most times)!
Throughout all four Gospels, Jesus regularly refers to God as His “Father”, a translation of the Aramaic word, “abba”. Jesus regularly addresses God with a concept of filial intimacy as a son’s relationship with, and feelings toward, His parent. The word “abba” seems not to have been regularly used in earlier or contemporaneous Jewish sources to address God. Other occurrences of this Aramaic word are only found in the New Testament, in the books of Romans and Galatians:
“For you did not receive a spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you received a spirit of adoption, through which we cry, ‘Abba, Father!’” (Romans 8:15);
“As proof that you are children, God sent the spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying out, ‘Abba, Father!’” (Galatians 4:6)
Jesus asks to be brought to Lazarus’s tomb where He prays and calls Lazarus out from the tomb. At this sign, – – this miracle – – many come to believe in Jesus, but others take word of the miracle to the Jewish authorities, who begin their plans for Jesus’ death.
Our Lord “cried out in a loud voice” and Lazarus came out of the tomb. In the drama of this event, I think back to an earlier verse in John’s Gospel:
“The hour is coming in which all who are in the tombs will hear his voice.” (John 5:28)
Lazarus was still wrapped in his burial strips, and his face was still covered. This man could not remove his bindings, nor could he remove what blinded him. He needed the assistance of another, Jesus Christ, to remove his darkness and oppressive wrappings. SO DO WE!!
In a short time, Jesus Himself will be wrapped in bindings and a cloth will be placed over His face. However, in three days, those bindings will be found in His rock-hewed tomb untied. Their magnificent Lord and Savior vanished from the tomb. The cloth that was draped over His face (I believe it was the tallit, a Jewish religious prayer shawl/robe) was found folded and placed carefully (and reverently) on the shelf which Jesus laid upon, while dead.
What a stark difference between the resurrections of Lazarus and Jesus Christ. Lazarus was resurrected to fulfill Jesus’ ministry, God’s plan of salvation for him. Jesus was resurrected to fulfill completely God’s plan of salvation and redemption for all of us.
Remember, Lazarus needed help to remove his oppressive and sight-blinding bindings. Jesus is the “authority” who instructed others to remove such bindings from Lazarus. He will do the same for us as we allow Him more fully into our lives. Jesus Christ is the “light of the world” who will open our eyes to the beauty of God’s creation, here on earth, and in heaven. (Never to be blinded again.)
Lazarus may be the luckiest and most blessed person that I can think of right now. He had a personal, direct, and physical relationship with our Lord Jesus Christ on a daily basis. Yet, why can’t we as well? He lives in us in the form of the Holy Spirit, and we can personally, directly, and physically receive Him in the Eucharist at Mass and at Eucharistic Adoration on a daily basis.
Lazarus also gets to experience the gift and beauty of resurrection to bodily form twice. He experienced a bodily resurrection, as reported in this story; and will again experience a bodily resurrection, at the Parousia. Twice, he will experience a unique, personal, and extreme love which is emitting from his Creator and Redeemer – – Jesus Christ! We will be privileged to experience this grace once, yet he gets a double dose! You know what? Once will be good enough for me! And, in a sense, I can’t wait! (I hope my ticket is stamped “non-smoking”, – – and is up-front, first class. I’ve had enough of coach.)
Set against the background of Jesus’ looming death, many elements of the raising of Lazarus prefigure the “good news” of Jesus’ own Resurrection. Soon to face the tension and clash with Jewish authorities, Jesus acts in complete obedience to God the Father. In raising Lazarus, Jesus shows His power over death so that when Jesus dies, those who believe in Him might remember, and take hope in His promises. Just as Jesus calls for the stone to be rolled away from Lazarus’s tomb, so too will the disciples find the stone rolled away from Jesus’ tomb.
Today, reflect on Baptism as a dying and rising with Jesus. In Baptism we die to sin’s power over us, rising as children of God. In Baptism, Jesus joins us to Himself. As He conquered death once and for all so that we – – who believe in him – – may have eternal life, we are freed from fear of death. With Martha and Mary, we are called to profess our belief that Jesus is indeed the Resurrection for each of us personally. Our future will be enjoying completely the unending life in His light.
In Summary, Jesus’ promise of eternal life is a fundamental element of our Catholic faith. Today’s Gospel reading encourages us to recognize, accept, and respond to Jesus’ triumph, power, and victory over death as demonstrated in the raising of Lazarus from the dead. During this Lenten Season, we need to anticipate and to praise in Jesus conquering death – – once and for all – – by His own dying (never to be repeated), and by His Rising (in a miracle), which each of us will experience on that glorious day, the Parousia.
We sometimes use examples from nature to help describe this miracle, this gift, this mystery of our faith. Later in John’s Gospel, Jesus Himself talked about the seed that dies when planted in the ground in order to produce new life:
“Amen, amen, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains just a grain of wheat; but if it dies, it produces much fruit.” (John 12:24).
Using this image of the “grain of wheat dying to produce much fruit”, we find hope and confidence in “Jesus Christ, the Resurrection and the Life”.
Remember Jesus’ promise from today’s Gospel: “I am the resurrection and the life.” What does Jesus mean by this promise in your life? Are you confident in this promise from Jesus Christ? Pray that you will be, and will remain confident in Jesus’ promise of eternal life. Remember what Pope St. Peter wrote in 2 Peter 1:3-4: It is by believing “the precious and very great promises” that we “participate in the divine nature” of God. (We call this Sanctifying Grace.)
The Christian creed, which is the profession of our faith, is a profession, a belief, in God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit, and in the saving power of the Holy Trinity as demonstrated in the Resurrection of Jesus the Son. That’s why we also proclaim a belief in a resurrection of the dead on the last day, and in an everlasting life. This IS OUR faith and hope: This is a biblically based statement of faith declared through today’s Gospel:
“If the Spirit of the one who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, the one who raised Christ from the dead will give life to your mortal bodies also, through his Spirit that dwells in you.” (Romans 8:11).
God gives us the power of His Holy Spirit that we may be made alive in the light of Jesus Christ. Through the Holy Spirit, we can even experience the power of the resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ in our personal lives – – NOW – – even today! The Holy Spirit is ever ready to change, to convert, and to transform us into people of faith, hope, and love; into faith filled sons and daughters. Amen, and Amen.
(From the “New” Missal starting with Advent, 2011)
I believe in one God,
the Father almighty,
maker of heaven and earth,
of all things visible and invisible.
I believe in one Lord Jesus Christ,
the Only Begotten Son of God,
born of the Father before all ages.
God from God, Light from Light,
true God from true God,
begotten, not made, consubstantial
with the Father;
through him all things were made.
For us men and for our salvation
he came down from heaven,
and by the Holy Spirit was incarnate
of the Virgin Mary, and became man.
For our sake he was crucified under
he suffered death and was buried,
and rose again on the third day
in accordance with the Scriptures.
He ascended into heaven
and is seated at the right hand of the Father.
He will come again in glory
to judge the living and the dead
and his kingdom will have no end.
I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord,
the giver of life,
who proceeds from the Father and the Son,
who with the Father and the Son
is adored and glorified,
who has spoken through the prophets.
I believe in one, holy, catholic and
I confess one baptism for the
forgiveness of sins
and I look forward to the
resurrection of the dead
and the life of the world to come.
Material from “Changing How We Pray”, by Rev. Lawrence E. Mick
Pax et Bonum
New Translation of the Mass
In November of 2011, with the start of the new Liturgical year and Advent, there will be a few noticeable changes in the Mass. It will still be the same ritual for celebrating the Eucharist. The Mass will still have the same parts, the same patterns, and the same flow as it has had for the past several decades. It is only the translation of the Latin that is changing.
The new translation seeks to correspond much more closely to the exact words and sentence structure of the Latin text. At times, this results in a good and faithful rendering of the original meaning. At other times it produces a rather awkward text in English which is difficult to proclaim and difficult to understand. Most of those problems affect the texts which priests will proclaim rather than the texts that belong to the congregation as a whole. It is to the congregation’s texts that I will address with each blog, in a repetitive basis until the start of Advent.
In the words of Vatican II’s Lumen Gentium, #11, the Eucharist is the “source and summit” of Christian life. Anything we can do to understand our liturgy more deeply will draw us closer to God.
Currently, the priest says, “The Lord be with you” five times: at the Entrance Rite, before the Gospel, when the Eucharistic Prayer starts, at “the sign of peace”, and finally at the dismissal. The new response from the congregation will be:
“And with your spirit”
instead of “And also with you”.
This is a more direct translation of the Latin and matches what many other language groups have been using for years. It will obviously take some adjustment, since we have been used to saying, “And also with you,” for so long.
Material from “Changing How We Pray”, by Rev. Lawrence E. Mick
A Franciscan’s Saint of the Day: St. Magdalen of Canossa (1774-1835)
Born in northern Italy in 1774, Magdalen knew her mind—and spoke it. At age 15 she announced she wished to become a nun. After trying out her vocation with the cloistered Carmelites, she realized her desire was to serve the needy without restriction. For years she worked among the poor and sick in hospitals and in their homes and among delinquent and abandoned girls.
In her mid-twenties Magdalen began offering lodging to poor girls in her own home. In time she opened a school, which offered practical training and religious instruction. As other women joined her in the work, the new Congregation of the Daughters of Charity emerged. Over time, houses were opened throughout Italy.
Members of the new religious congregation focused on the educational and spiritual needs of women. Magdalen also founded a smaller congregation for priests and brothers. Both groups continue to this day.
She died in 1835. Pope John Paul II canonized her in 1988.
Saint of the Day: Lives, Lessons and Feast
By Leonard Foley, O.F.M.;
revised by Pat McCloskey, O.F.M.
(From http://www.americancatholic.org website)
Franciscan Formation Reflection:
What impression is created by St. Francis calling death his “sister”? How did St. Francis face death? What was his mindset?
How does St. Francis’ attitude toward sickness and death compare to your own, and/or the Catholic Church’s?
Why do we act sometimes as if it’s not right that we should be getting sick?
What virtues does Francis ask us to practice when we are sick?
Why do Christians sometimes have the idea that sickness is a punishment for having done things wrong? Some seem to say: “If I do not picture myself as a big sinner, why should I be suffering this way”? (Reflect on Jesus’ powerful message to the apostles in John’s Gospel, chap.9:3.)
Secular Franciscan Order (SFO)
Rule #’s 10 & 11 of 26:
10. United themselves to the redemptive obedience of Jesus, who placed His will into the Father’s hands, let them faithfully fulfill the duties proper to their various circumstances of life. Let them also follow the poor and crucified Christ, witness to Him even in difficulties and persecutions.
11. Trusting the Father, Christ chose for Himself and His mother a poor and humble life, even though He valued created things attentively and lovingly. Let the Secular Franciscans seek a proper spirit of detachment from temporal goods by simplifying their own material needs. Let them be mindful that according to the gospel they are stewards of the goods received for the benefit of God’s children.
Thus, in the spirit of the Beatitudes, and as pilgrims and strangers on their way to the home of the Father, they should strive to purify their hearts from every tendency and yearning for possession and power.