We are Half-Way though the Advent Season today; only thirteen (13) days till the Birth of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Green Bay’s Bishop David Ricken becomes first in US to approve local Marian apparitions from 1859
CHAMPION, Wis. (CNS) — Bishop David L. Ricken of Green Bay has approved the Marian apparitions seen by Adele Brise in 1859, making the apparitions of Mary that occurred some 18 miles northeast of Green Bay the first in the United States to receive approval of a diocesan bishop.
Brise, a Belgian immigrant, was 28 when Mary appeared to her three times in October 1859. The first appearance took place while Brise was carrying a sack of wheat to a grist mill about four miles from Robinsonville, now known as Champion.
Brise devoted the rest of her life to teaching children. She began a community of Third Order Franciscan sisters and built a school next to the shrine. Brise’s father, Lambert, built a small chapel near the spot of the apparitions. When a brick chapel was built in 1880, the trees where Mary appeared were cut down and the chapel’s altar was placed over the spot.
Apparitions have taken place throughout history “as a sign of God’s providence, to remind us of what God has already revealed,” said Father Doerfler. “As a loving mother would remind her children about things that are important, so our Blessed Mother Mary has appeared throughout history to remind us of things that are important for our salvation and to draw us closer to her Son.”
Read the full story at:
The third Sunday of Advent is traditionally called Gaudete Sunday. Gaudete is the Latin word meaning “rejoice.” This Sunday is so named because “Rejoice” is the first word in the entrance antiphon for today’s Mass taken from Philippians 4:4,5:
“Rejoice in the Lord always; again I say, rejoice! The Lord is near.”
Some people mark this Sunday on their Advent wreath with a pink candle instead of a purple candle. This day is a joyful reminder that our salvation is near.
Today in Catholic History:
† 1098 – First Crusade: Massacre of Ma’arrat al-Numan – Crusaders breach the town’s walls and massacre about 20,000 inhabitants. After finding themselves with insufficient food, they resort to cannibalism. [A sad and lowly part of Church history]
† 1212 – Death of Geoffrey, Archbishop of York
† 1524 – Pope Clement VII approves Organization of Jewish Community of Rome
† 1610 – Birth of Saint Vasilije (St. Basil of Ostrog), Bishop of Zahumlje in Herzegovina (d. 1671)
† 1769 – Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee
† 1779 – Birth of Madeleine Sophie Barat, French saint (d. 1865)
† 2003 – Death of Joseph Anthony Ferrario, American Catholic prelate (b. 1926)
† 2008 – Death of Avery Dulles, Roman Catholic Cardinal, Theologian (b. 1918)
† Feast Day: Mexico – Our Lady of Guadalupe Day
(From the “On This Day” Blog Site
“Today in Catholic History”
Franciscan Formation Reflection:
Franciscans witness to a genuine love and respect for the poor and vulnerable.
“For Francis, poverty involved not only serving the poor but being poor and connected to those who were poor and outcast. This service to and identification with the poor was at the heart of the lives of Francis and Clare, it is there that they discovered Christ as “the poor Son of the poor Mother.” Following the example of these saints, members of the Franciscan family today are called to be with and identify with the poor and vulnerable and with all who face discrimination of one form or another. We are called to be in solidarity with them in their struggle to have their God-given rights honored by others. We are called to develop a lifestyle that brings us close to the poor and makes us sensitive to those who are most vulnerable.”
“Francis went around the cities and villages, proclaiming the kingdom of God and preaching peace.” Thomas of Celano, The Life of St. Francis, 36
(From the Franciscan Action Network (FAN) website:
Quote or Joke of the Day:
You Might be a Roman Catholic…
…if you think God’s presence is always strongest in the back three pews.
…if you judge the quality of the Mass by the length of the Homily.
Today’s reflection is about Jesus telling John the Baptist of the signs of the kingdom that are being worked through him; and praises John as more than a prophet.
2When John heard in prison of the works of the Messiah, he sent his disciples to him 3 with this question, “Are you the one who is to come, or should we look for another?” 4 Jesus said to them in reply, “Go and tell John what you hear and see: 5 the blind regain their sight, the lame walk, lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the poor have the good news proclaimed to them. 6 And blessed is the one who takes no offense at me.” 7 As they were going off, Jesus began to speak to the crowds about John, “What did you go out to the desert to see? A reed swayed by the wind? 8 Then what did you go out to see? Someone dressed in fine clothing? Those who wear fine clothing are in royal palaces. 9 Then why did you go out? To see a prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet. 10 This is the one about whom it is written: ‘Behold, I am sending my messenger ahead of you; he will prepare your way before you.’ 11 Amen, I say to you, among those born of women there has been none greater than John the Baptist; yet the least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he. (NAB Matthew 11:2-11)
This week’s Gospel continues a reflection on the personhood, ministry, and message of John the Baptist. Last week at Mass, John spoke about his relationship to Jesus, the coming “one” prophesized in the Old Testament. This week, we have Jesus’ message to John, who is imprisoned (and a message to us as well). Jesus’ message is about the signs of the kingdom found in John’s ministry. Jesus’ examines, and praises John’s “role” in salvation history and in the Kingdom of God.
Have you noticed the perceived undertone present in today’s Gospel reading? There seems to be a subdued, yet noticeable and growing opposition to Jesus, if you “read between the lines.” From this point on, there will be more disputes, challenges, and attacks relating to “faith” and “discipleship” in reference (and preference) to Jesus in the future readings.
John the Baptist is now “in prison”. Upon finding out of John’s capture and imprisonment, Jesus withdrew to Galilee (Matthew 4:12). According to Josephus (Antiquities 18, 5, 2 #116-19), Herod imprisoned – – and then executed – – John because he feared that John the Baptist’s influence over the people could possibly enable him to lead a rebellion. The murder of John (see Matthew 14: 1-2) by Herod Antipas foreshadows the death of Jesus (see Matthew 17:12).
John stood in the doorway between the Old and New Testaments. He stood in the doorway between the Old and New Covenants of God. For me, John the Baptist was the bright “light stream” in the vast desert pointing vividly to the safe and lovingly calm harbor of Jesus, similar to the light stream of a lonely lighthouse pointing the lost in the vast seas to a safe, calm, and loving harbor of safety. John points to the “door” of Jesus moving inwardly from the “Old” – – towards the “New” – – kingdom of God.
John foretold and prepared the way for the Messiah – Jesus Christ. At the Jordan River, He also pointed his own followers to Jesus when he extolled, “Behold the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world” (John 1:29). John knew early on in His ministerial life what Jesus the “Messiah” would accomplish through His death on that Holy Tree of crucifixion.
Nearing the end of His life, today’s Gospel shows us how John queried whether Jesus was truly the “promised Messiah”. Jesus retorted to John’s uncertainties by recounting the firm proof of facts about his ministry.
While in prison, why did John send his followers to question Jesus as he was sitting in prison knowing was going to die soon, at the hands of King Herod. In verse 3, the question, “Are you the one who is to come, or should we look for another” expressed a doubt from John the Baptist. He wanted to know if Jesus was truly “the one who is to come”. The reason: because Jesus’ mission had NOT been one of a “fiery judgment” as John (and almost all Jewish people) had expected, but rather one of simple repentance. John knew prophesies of the Old Testament. In Malachi 3:1, it read:
“Lo, I am sending my messenger to prepare the way before me; And suddenly there will come to the temple the LORD whom you seek, And the messenger of the covenant whom you desire. Yes, he is coming, says the LORD of hosts. But who will endure the day of his coming? And who can stand when he appears? For he is like the refiner’s fire, or like the fuller’s lye. He will sit refining and purifying (silver), and he will purify the sons of Levi, Refining them like gold or like silver that they may offer due sacrifice to the LORD.”
Jesus responds by pointing to the miracles that He has worked. He says that His miracles, actions, and words about the kingdom of God is proof enough in recognizing the realization of Isaiah’s prophecy foretelling the signs and wonders which the Messiah would perform (see Isaiah 35).
In his rabbinic teaching style, Jesus also returned one question with another to Him and his followers: What do you see in John the Baptist? His response to John’s question was also rabbinic in nature as it was taken from the Old Testament. He took passages from Isaiah that pictures the time of salvation as being marked by deeds and acts, such as those that Jesus is doing. These passages were a caveat and warning to John the Baptist to NOT disbelieve solely because he believes his own expectations have not been met.
“But your dead shall live, their corpses shall rise; awake and sing, you who lie in the dust. For your dew is a dew of light, and the land of shades gives birth.” (Isaiah 26:19)
“On that day the deaf shall hear the words of a book; And out of gloom and darkness, the eyes of the blind shall see. The lowly will ever find joy in the LORD, and the poor rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.” (Isaiah 29:18-19)
“Then will the eyes of the blind be opened, the ears of the deaf be cleared; Then will the lame leap like a stag, then the tongue of the dumb will sing. Streams will burst forth in the desert, and rivers in the steppe.” (Isaiah 35:5-6)
“The spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me, because the LORD has anointed me; He has sent me to bring glad tidings to the lowly, to heal the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives and release to the prisoners.” (Isaiah 61:1)
Jesus’ rebuke of John for questioning His divinity is offset by His reminder to the crowd of the greatness of John the Baptist’s role and function in salvation history (verses 7-11). Jesus praises John for his role in preparing the way for Jesus – – the “MESSIAH!”
Why does Jesus contrast John with a “reed”? Unlike a reed, which is spineless and easily bruised, John the Baptist stands as a truth of faith because his heart, soul, and body – his entire being – was surrendered to God. John the Baptist burns brightly, warmly, and intensely with the fire of God’s truth and love for all mankind.
There was a common belief among the Jewish faithful that there had been no prophets in Israel since Malachi. The coming of a new prophet was eagerly awaited among all Jewish people. Jesus basically sanctions that John was that prophet, sent to foretell the coming of the Messiah that all was waiting. John was the precursor of the “one” who would bring in the new and final age. John was the last of the prophets to announce Jesus’ coming. In leaping for joy in Elizabeth’s womb, John was also the first witness to Jesus’ divinity(along with Mary and Joseph)!
John’s preeminent greatness lies in his purpose of announcing the nearness of the “kingdom”. Jesus is telling all hearing that the “kingdom” of God is so great a privilege, pleasure, and joy, – – that the least in God’s kingdom – – is greater than the last and greatest prophet: John the Baptist. All who work for the Kingdom of God will be as great as John – and even greater!
Jesus’ message to John about the signs of the kingdom being performed recalls the salvation described by the prophet Isaiah. This Gospel reading is a reminder that the beginning of salvation is already present to us, but also yet to be fully fulfilled.
Someone who is “tepid” – careless, half-hearted, and lukewarm – can be easily influenced and converted by others. If we want to be like John the Baptist, we must surrender our heart, soul, and body to Jesus Christ and his kingdom of everlasting peace, joy, and righteousness. There is absolutely NO room for compromise on this matter of faith and fact. We are either for Jesus and His kingdom or against Jesus and His kingdom – no fence walkers are allowed.
Salvation is already in our midst as apparent in the miracles demonstrated by Jesus so many years ago, and in the Church today. But salvation is also to be fulfilled in the coming reign of God.
Look at our society and the societies around us. Look at what is happening around the world today. Though we can find glimpses of God’s work among us, it would so very easy to become disheartened and depressed by the apparent and obvious secularization of society. The “absence” of God and His salvation is prevalent in today’s families and societies (even so-called Catholic ones). Jesus’ excruciatingly painful death on the “Holy Tree” captured our hearts and souls, and opened the doorway to heaven. We cannot truly know why there is so much pain and suffering in this world. But, we do know that Jesus walked that same path during His time of humanity on earth. And He is accompanying us on our path still today, especially close to us in times of pain and suffering. That is why He is called Emmanuel: “God is with us!!”
Advent is a season of “hope.” We should acknowledge that salvation is both mysteriously present in our world, and yet to be fully and truly fulfilled in the unknown future. We are also expected to help prepare the way for God’s kingdom by our own actions, words, and prayers.
Reflect on John’s question to Jesus: “Are you the One?” Jesus does not answer his question directly (he was a great therapist – without a couch though), but points to the signs of the kingdom present around Him. Try looking through your local newspaper for signs of hope that God is at work in your world and neighborhood.
Each of us has times when we questioned God’s love, mercy, and attention to us. There are times when we feel ambiguous or unsure about following Jesus on His path. At these times, Jesus gives us the exact same answer he gave to John the Baptist: “Review your life.” Try to remember the beautiful, wonderful, and awe inspiring things you have seen the Lord do in your life, in others, and in nature. Keep hold of your trust, faith, and love for God – even when it doesn’t make a lot of sense to you at that time. Eventually, you too will be vindicated by God’s love for you!!
“Our Father, who art in Heaven; hallowed by Thy name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in Heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us, and lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil. Amen”
Pax et Bonum
Dan Halley, SFO
A Franciscan’s Saint of the Day: Our Lady of Guadalupe
The feast in honor of Our Lady of Guadalupe goes back to the sixteenth century. Chronicles of that period tell us the story.
A poor Indian named Cuauhtlatohuac was baptized and given the name Juan Diego. He was a 57-year-old widower and lived in a small village near Mexico City. On Saturday morning, December 9, 1531, he was on his way to a nearby barrio to attend Mass in honor of Our Lady.
He was walking by a hill called Tepeyac when he heard beautiful music like the warbling of birds. A radiant cloud appeared and within it a young Native American maiden dressed like an Aztec princess. The lady spoke to him in his own language and sent him to the bishop of Mexico, a Franciscan named Juan de Zumarraga. The bishop was to build a chapel in the place where the lady appeared.
Eventually the bishop told Juan Diego to have the lady give him a sign. About this same time Juan Diego’s uncle became seriously ill. This led poor Diego to try to avoid the lady. The lady found Diego, nevertheless, assured him that his uncle would recover and provided roses for Juan to carry to the bishop in his cape or tilma.
When Juan Diego opened his tilma in the bishop’s presence, the roses fell to the ground and the bishop sank to his knees. On Juan Diego’s tilma appeared an image of Mary exactly as she had appeared at the hill of Tepeyac. It was December 12, 1531.
Mary’s appearance to Juan Diego as one of his people is a powerful reminder that Mary and the God who sent her accept all peoples. In the context of the sometimes rude and cruel treatment of the Indians by the Spaniards, the apparition was a rebuke to the Spaniards and an event of vast significance for Native Americans. While a number of them had converted before this incident, they now came in droves. According to a contemporary chronicler, nine million Indians became Catholic in a very short time. In these days when we hear so much about God’s preferential option for the poor, Our Lady of Guadalupe cries out to us that God’s love for and identification with the poor is an age-old truth that stems from the Gospel itself.
Mary to Juan Diego: “My dearest son, I am the eternal Virgin Mary, Mother of the true God, Author of Life, Creator of all and Lord of the Heavens and of the Earth…and it is my desire that a church be built here in this place for me, where, as your most merciful Mother and that of all your people, I may show my loving clemency and the compassion that I bear to the Indians, and to those who love and seek me…” (from an ancient chronicle).
Patron Saint of: Americas; Mexico
Saint of the Day: Lives, Lessons and Feast
By Leonard Foley, O.F.M.;
revised by Pat McCloskey, O.F.M.
(From http://www.americancatholic.org website)
Secular Franciscan Order (SFO) Rule #’s 12 & 13 of 26:
Witnessing to the good yet to come and obligated to acquire purity of heart because of the vocation they have embraced, they should set themselves free to love God and their brothers and sisters.
As the Father sees in every person the features of his Son, the firstborn of many brothers and sisters, so the Secular Franciscans with a gentle and courteous spirit accept all people as a gift of the Lord and an image of Christ.
A sense of community will make them joyful and ready to place themselves on an equal basis with all people, especially with the lowly for whom they shall strive to create conditions of life worthy of people redeemed by Christ.